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Jerome S. Bruner

Constructivism Theory

Jan Pettersen

on 8 December 2014

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Transcript of Jerome S. Bruner

Jerome Bruner
Modes of Representation
Predisposition to Learn
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
Spiral Curriculum
Motivational Factors
Cultural Factors
Personal Factors
Structuring Knowledge & Content
Structure the material in a way that enables the learner to best grasp the concept or idea
Enactive - 0 to 1 Year
Iconic - 1 to 6 Years
Symbolic - 7+ Years
Effective Sequencing
Sequencing the information and the presentation of the material in a way that best makes sense to the learner.
Born: October 1, 1915

B.A. in Psychology from Duke University in 1937

Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1941 in Psychology

Now, a Senior Research Fellow at New York University School of Law
Giving the learner help while still allowing the them to reach the goal by their own ability.
1. Simplify the task/idea for the learner
2. Highlight important elements
3. Give models or examples
Theory of Instruction
Individuals "construct" new knowledge by comparing ideas based upon existing knowledge
The idea of building upon and revisiting concepts, over and over to achieve a level of full understanding.
Bruner believed that it was the Educators position to maintain and guide a child's spontaneous explorations which produced problem solving capabilities and
stimulated learning.
Action Based Information
As an aspiring teacher you should know that learners need a mentor that can enhance the learning environment and the process of instruction. Teachers can do so by keeping
spiral curriculum,

and all of it's factors in mind:
- Predisposition to learn
- Structure to learn
- Modes of representation
- Effective sequencing
By knowing these factors and concepts, you can help your learners reach their goals and start on new, greater goals for the classroom and for yourself.
"A body of knowledge must be in a simple enough form for the learner to understand it and it must be in a form recognizable to the student's experience."
Ex: Gradually increasing difficulty of the material in mathematics and teaching in chronological order in a timeline setting such as history can benefit the learner by better allowing them to "categorize" the
Scaffolding is the metaphorical concept used to describe the interactive verbal support provided by adults to guide a child through the ZPD and enable them to carry out a task that they would be unable to do without help.
Scaffolding Definition
(Wood, Bruner, Ross, 1976)
Two main types of Scaffolding
1. Hard Scaffolding
2. Soft/ Contingent Scaffolding
Full transcript