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Unit 5 D1

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Martin Magill

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of Unit 5 D1

Conclusion
I believe that the RIBA Plan of Work is a very effective method to use in the constriction industry. Not only is it effective but it is also efficient because it can speed up construction times and improve the standard of the finish, meaning the building is completed on time and to a higher standard.
The Plan of Work is nearly vital for architects because without it they three main phases of the project may not be completed properly which will have long term issues for the building, at the end of the project certain problems may arise and these will need to be fixed before it has been given over to the client. Following the plan step by step can ensure that by the end of the project everything has been completed and addressed during the build
What is the RIBA Plan of Work
The RIBA plan of work was first developed in 1963 and it is the definitive UK model for the building design and construction process.The Plan of Work framework has served both the architects’ profession and the wider construction industry well, but although it has been amended over time to reflect developments in design team organisation and alternative procurement arrangements, these changes have generally been incremental rather than strategically driven. 

The RIBA Plan of Work 2013 comprises eight work stages, each with clear boundaries, and details the tasks and outputs required at each stage however these can vary or overlap to suit specific project requirements. The RIBA Plan of Work describes the activities from appraising the client’s requirements through to post construction. The stages are also used in the appointment of architects and help to identify consultant services and indicate the resource and fee total by Work Stage.
Stages of RIBA Plan of Work
Feasibility phase:
Inception-

this stage involves preparing a general outline of requirements and plan future action.
Feasibility-

the purpose is to provide the client with an appraisal and recommendation in order that he may determine the form in which the project is to proceed ensuring that it is feasible technically and financially.


Applying the RIBA Plan of Work to a site
It is very important that visits to the site are made throughout the construction process and that checks on site are carried out using the architects design of the building. All new or orginal information regarding the construction of the building should be supplied to all directors of each team and it is their responsibility that the rest of the team are made aware of this information. Plans of the buildings main lines of drainage, gas and electrical feeds should be provided for the health and safety file. General advice on the operation and maintenance should be provided and knowledge of the controls for the building should be understood.
Before the final accoungts have been settled and the keys have been handed over a 'snag check' should take place this can identify that there is no problems with the building and that if there is any defects they can be ammeded before the building is handed over to the client.
The Plan requires both integrated design and an integrated team
By having an Integrated design all the members of the team, such as the technical planning, design and construction teams are able to look at the project objectives, building materials and systems. this would be a benefit because the plans will rely on everyone within each team and this provides a more varied opinion on the project opening it up to other ways it can be built.
It is vital that the building and site are accessible, this involves all heights, clearances, entrances, exits, and services to be looked at by every member making it more integrated to address the specific needs of various people in the community.
Also aesthetics need to be taken into consideration as the physical appearance and image of buildings elements and spaces are pleasing to everyone and not just the person that has designed it, the building must coincide with the environment in which it is located.
Lastly the building must be cost effective, all building elements that are selected must be fully incorporated and utilized because an overspending on materials will cause the budget to rise and it is very important to have a rough estimate on price to help with budget control.

The importance of teamwork
Team work is a very important part of the RIBA plan because it allows each of the workers to share the job load as if someone is struggling to do their job they are in a team so others can help them out team working is also a more efficient way of working because then the work load has decreased because there is more workers working together. Furthermore this increase production which is better for the client as the project can be finished in less time. The RIBA Plan of Work gives an agreed upon route of action for the client, architect, contractor to follow from the start to the finish of a design. This is the reason why team work is important because all the workers are aware of what stage they are at and all the workers work together in order to complete the stage by doing this it is ensured the end product will be of a high standard.
All team members will have a set goal for the project but some members will care about differnet methods to achieve these goals. An example would be the client will only care about the final building and how this will make him or her money as to make back what they spent on the build plus profit. However architects and engineers will have a more understanding and care for the safety of people that will be using the building daily so they will try their best to ensure that it is 100% safe before releasing it to the client. It is vital that these interests are aligned throughout the project as to complete the building on time and keep it within budget and the main way to do this is by effective teamwork.
Teamwork involves everyone having different duties and responsibilities. Team members must understand their own duties and responsibilities as well as that of other team members. When the project is in its initial stages At the each team member should set out what they are responsible for because this will prevent overlap of duties during the project and will prevent money being wasted due to simple errors.
Unit 5 D1
By Martin Magill
S36

Evaluate the effectiveness of the RIBA Architect's Plan of Work in terms of teamwork and the changes after construction has started
The RIBA Plan of Work
The RIBA Plan of Work 2013 organises the process of briefing, designing, constructing, maintaining, operating and using building projects into a number of key stages. It details the tasks and outputs required at each stage, which may vary or overlap to suit specific project requirements.
The RIBA Plan of Work 2013:
•Acts across the full range of sectors and project sizes
•Provides straight-forward mapping for all forms of procurement
•Integrates sustainable design processes
•Maps Building Information Modelling (BIM) processes
•Provides flexible around (town) planning procedures

The RIBA Plan of Work 2013 itself is not a contractual document: it directs readers to various tools and supplementary core documents used by a project team, including documents relating to professional services contracts, Schedules of Services and project protocols, which may or may not be contractual, and to the various forms of commonly used Building Contracts.
RIBA (Royal Institute of British Architects) is a professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom and internationally used for the successful designing of a construction project.
Membership of the RIBA is recognized the world over as a symbol of professional excellence. Chartered Architects and Chartered Architectural Practices havereached the gold standard in theirprofession. RIBA members are a global network of individuals and practices who share a common interest in architecture and the built environment. They enjoy the prestige of being part of a prominent institute that raises their profile among colleagues and the wider world.
The RIBA provides support for its members in the form of training, technical services, publications and events, and sets standards for the education of architects in the UK and overseas. A range of memberships are available to support architects throughout their professional career from students through to retired architects.


Construction Phase:
Project Planning-

the purpose of this is to enable the contractor to programme the work in accordance with the contract conditions. Brief site inspection and make arrangements to allow work to commence on the site.
Site Operations-

the main purpose is to follow plans through to practical completion of the building.
Completion-
this is the handing over of the building to the client for occupation, remedy any defects, settle the final account and complete all work in accordance with the contract.
Feedback-

this is a final analysis of the management, construction and performance of the project. Must complete full inspection of the completed building and inform contractor if any problems.

Pre-construction Phase:
Outline Proposals-
to determine general approach to layout, design and construction in order to obtain authoritative approval of the client on the outline proposals an accompanying report.
Scheme Design-

To complete the brief and decide on particular proposals, including planning arrangement appearance, constructional method, outline specification, and cost, and to obtain all approvals.
Detail Design-

To obtain final decision on every matter related to design, specification, construction and cost.
Production Information- the purpose is to prepare production information and make final detailed decisions to carry out work.
Bills of Quantities-

To prepare and complete all information and arrangements for obtaining tender.
Tender-
this is when bids are invited from interested contractors to carry out specific packages of construction work. It observes the key values of fairness, clarity, simplicity and accountability. Also it reinforces the idea of risk so it can be assessed and manage theses risk to ensure success of a project.

Student analysis of the RIBA Plan of Work
The RIBA Plan of Work is a widely used throughout the construction industry. There are many people that will incorporate the Plan of Work into their construction sites as it enables them to ensure that each team member knows their own job and what is or what needs to be done to get the project completed. This is very benefical part of a construction job because everyone is able to work together and improve their team work skills. The RIBA Plan of Work can provide a very well organised place for both employers and employees and ensures that the project is well organised and coordinated. It can also improve the time management for the building because everyone knows their duties and responsibilities then it is possible to complete the build within the time that has been estimated.
Changes to the design
A very common problem with a project is that when the client first looks at the proposed design of the building he or she usually dislike or disagree with it so they ask the architect to draw up more ideas for the design of the building. This can happen many times at the start of the project meaning that there is both money and time being wasted on the building because the client has to pay for these changes whihc affects the overall budget.
Design changes can affect time management becasue if the client decides to change something when the construction of the building has already began it will need to be proposened utill the changes can take place and the client is happy for the building to proceed with the new design, this has a major long term effect on the finish time of the building and can prervent it being finished as scheduled.
2013 RIBA Plan of Work
Student Evaluation of RIBA Plan of Work
The RIBA Plan of Work is an effective method to follow when working on a construction project. It is effective because it offers the design team with guidance during all the phases of construction (Feasibility phase, Pre-construction phase and construction phase). It can have a great benefit on those young members of the teams who have only worked on small jobs and need guidance during the project.
Sometimes within construction team work can be a issue and casue problems for many members however the Plan of Work ensures that everyone knows exactly what they are supposed to be doing this prevents any defects with the building as all members work together to get the job done to the highest standard and there is no problem with communication because of the bond between each team due to the Plan of Work.
Bibliography
BTEC national Construction in the built environment textbook
http://www.ribaplanofwork.com/
http://smallbusiness.chron.com/effective-teamwork-construction-12170.html
http://www.architecture.com/RIBA/Professionalsupport/RIBAOutlinePlanofWork2013.aspx
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