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Development of Rock 'n' Roll

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Adir Baxi

on 20 February 2014

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Transcript of Development of Rock 'n' Roll

Development of Rock 'n' Roll
Question 1
Where did the music come from?
What were the artistic, social, and political influences surrounding the development of the style of music (pre/during/post)
Question 3:

Identify the music elements that specifically outline your music style topic: instrumentation, melody, harmony, rhythm, lyric content, staging, performance style…

Question 1
Question 1

Often the lead musical instrument

In late 1950s, guitar took over
There were many other instruments featured in the rock and roll songs...
String Bass
Acoustic/Electric Bass
Drum Kit
The snare drum was especially important...
Because it often provided the
which defined rock 'n' roll music
Different singers had their unique ways of performing
E for Elvis!

Elvis Presley: known for wild hip-swaying during performances
Jerry Lee Lewis:
Question 2.
Often plays piano accompanyment to himself while singing
Segregation Between African Americans and Whites.
Each race had their own tastes.
Tension between the two were quite high.
Chuck Berry
Both races enjoyed and adhered to Rock 'n' Roll music.
They would start to respect each other due to what they listened to.
Started to impact the segregation.
Could easily relate to the youth.
Song lyrics had meaning.
Plays guitar accompanyment to himself
Likes to lean forward/backward with the music
Rock 'n' Roll singers like to move with the music... they don't stay still
Many of them were very versatile; they accompanied themselves by singing and playing an instrument at the same time
Lighting was very important
in rock 'n' roll performances, because it sets the mood
Many could argue that Rock 'n' Roll is the reason for how we act today.
"The Music That Changed America"
Many would dance to the music
And sing along!
It wasn't just the singers who did all the work... the audience took part in the performance too
There were often instrumental solos in the middle of the songs
Some performers like to have the lightings dark
While some like to have multicoloured lights illuminating the stage
The tempo is usually moderate to fast, sometimes going to 175
Who were the key developers and creators of your genre (composers and/or performers)?
Question 4
Where it came from
Rock 'n' Roll came from the United State in the early to mid-1950s.

It was a composite of different types of music.
In 1949, singer Fats Domino recorded several tracks for Imperial Records, including "The Fat Man," a rhythm and blues track that is today regarded by some as the first rock and roll record.

The First Song
The Fat Man
Elvis Presley
In July 1953, eighteen-year-old Elvis Presley entered Sun Records Studio to record two songs for his mother as a birthday gift. Within one year, Presley had become Sun Records' most promising artist with the hit single "That's All Right Mama", a cover of a blues song by Arthur "Big Boy" Cruddup.
That's All Right Mama
The Blues Progression (12 Bar Blues) are often used in Rock 'n' Roll music
An example of this is Johnny B. Goode by Chuck Berry
Elvis' Rise to Fame
I – I – I – I – IV – IV – I – I – V – V – I – I
Elvis began to become more and more popular. By 1957, Presley had a string of hits including "Don't Be Cruel," "Hound Dog," "Love Me Tender," and "All Shook Up." He earned a tremendous fan base, but also drew criticism from those who found his hip-shaking performances to be profane, becoming one of rock and roll's first controversial superstars. Elvis Presley was considered by many as the "King of Rock 'n' Roll".

Hound Dog
One of Elvis' most famous songs.
is often featured in rock 'n' roll songs, with the snare drum providing the
Rock 'n' Roll usually has a
homophonic texture,
or an
antiphonal texture
Rock 'n' Roll caused a revolution with teenagers. In the beginning, parents hated Rock and Roll, because of how their children were acting, they behaved rebelliously. The music changed their ways of thinking.

The lyrics in most of the songs would be shouted out by the singer
The lyrics of these songs would often be suggestive/crude
The lyrics of these songs would often be suggestive/crude
Example: Frutti Tutti
This had a social impact on society...
Rock 'n' Roll can be heard and has roots in blues and country music. The genre did not acquire its name until the 1950s
The phrase Rock 'n' Roll originally described the movement of a ship on the ocean.
Sailors would Rock and roll the windlass to bring up the anchor.
Question 5
What did your style of music change into? Does it still exist? Canadian ties?
The decline of Rock 'N' Roll caused the rise of surf music, garage rock and the Twist dance craze.
The Decline of Rock 'N' Roll
Surf Music
Surf music is a genre of popular music associated with surf culture, particularly as found in Orange County and other areas of Southern California. It was especially popular from 1961 to 1966, has subsequently been revived and was highly influential on subsequent rock music.
Garage Rock
Garage rock is a raw form of rock and roll that was first popular in the United States and Canada from about 1963 to 1967. Its name derives from the perception that the songs are often rehearsed in a family garage.
Twist dance
The twist dance became the first worldwide dance craze in the early 1960s, enjoying immense popularity among young people and drawing fire from critics who felt it was too provocative. It inspired dances such as the Jerk, the Pony, the Watusi, the Mashed Potato, the Monkey, and the Funky Chicken, but none were as popular.
No immediate plans to act on the desegregation of African Americans and Whites.
The term “equal but separate” was developed
Political tensions on this issue continued to rise
Arguably what brought the two races together
Contributed to the civil rights movement and desegregation
Canadian Ties
Not just musical effects.
Dances such as the Mambo, West Coast Swing, and Basa Nova.
Suits and Cardigan sweaters were quite popular.
Generally have memorable melodies, often repeated
Triads are often parts of rock 'n' roll songs
Dances such as the jitterbug and the twist, as well as house parties were well paired with the music.
The more popular bands became, the fashion changed.
Motorcycle jackets, and colorless blazers became quite popular.
The vocal melody is most often conjunct
- Neil Young played guitar, sang, and wrote songs with several groups in Canada 1963-6 , participated in 1966-70 with several highly successful US-based folk-rock groups (Buffalo Springfield and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young), and also established his solo career by 1968-70.
- 1958 saw Canada produced its first rock and roll teen idol Paul Anka, who went to New York City where he auditioned for ABC with the song, Diana. This song brought Anka instant stardom and he became the first Canadian to have a number one on the US Billboard charts in the rock and roll era.
Does it still exist?
To put it short our rock music is good for it's time, but it will never ever be like it was before. Now music is written for corporations and companies. Classic rock & roll, like Elvis Presley or Fats Domino, wrote music based on their experiences.
Dances such as the Hustle and the Bump became popular, as well as the Disco.
John Travolta made the 'Disco' look quite popluar
The Desegregation between African Americans and Whites was successful.
Rock has for so many more years been enjoyed throughout the world.
Thank you for listening to our audio-visual presentation on the history of "Rock 'N' Roll". We hope you learned something new and that you can pass it on to others!
You can hear the phrase Rock 'n' Roll from different singers way before the 50s.
Boswell Sisters singing "Rock and Roll" in 1934

Buddy Jones "Rock and Rolling Mama" in 1939
Rock and roll in its purest form was gradually overtaken by pop rock,
blues rock and folk rock, which had grown in popularity.
The Rise of Rock
Folk Rock
Folk rock is a musical genre combining elements of folk music and rock 'n' roll music.
Blues Rock
Blues rock is a musical genre combining bluesy improvisations over the twelve-bar blues and extended boogie jams with rock and roll styles.
Pop Rock
Pop rock is a music genre which mixes a catchy pop style and light lyrics in its (typically) guitar-based rock songs.
Full transcript