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Afghanistan Genocide

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by

Jessica Wong

on 10 January 2014

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Transcript of Afghanistan Genocide

Stage 8: Denial
AFGHANISTAN
background
After the attacks on the Twin Towers,
the United States declared war on Afghanistan.
Shortly after, they invaded
their land, and until today,
the war still continues.
This lead to Afghanistan
being put on the genocide
watch due to the Taliban
being taken out of
power. Because the Taliban were out of power, they imposed many different criminal attacks on the people of Afghanistan.
Stage 1: Classification
To categorize people by ethnicity, religion, race, and/ or nationality to distinguish “us and them”
Stage 2: Symbolization
Stage 3: Dehumanization
Stage 4: Organization
Stage 5: Polarization
Solutions
Stage 6: Preparation
Stage 7: Extermination
BIBLIOGRAPHY
The Eight Stages
of Genocide in Afghanistan
The Taliban are a branch of Sunni Islam who for the most part look down upon anyone who are not Sunni Muslims.
This separation in Islam caused the Taliban deliver harsh treatment on a good portion of people during their reign - and even after they got knocked out of power.
Anyone who resided in Afghanistan and followed a different branch of Islam were immediately treated harshly. Although it was not of their practice, the Taliban forced all non-Sunni males to grow beards and all females to wear full burqas.
The Taliban also began committing crimes against anyone who disagreed with them in any way. This puts a huge classification of
“us” and “them”.
Symbols or names were given to identify members of a certain group
Symbolization in the Afghanistan genocide watch remains present. However, this symbolization is not outlined perfectly with certain symbols one has to wear.
According to the Taliban, everyone who does not follow their branch of Islam has a higher chance to be put under harsh rule.
When the Taliban began their rule in 1996, a book was printed with all the rules of how a Muslim should behave. This put most of Afghanistan in a position where they were discriminated against by a group of over 50,000 soldiers.
Also, in many instances where people have inspected the Taliban rule, they say the rules have no basis in original Islam. Women were the discriminated against by the Taliban. They were not allowed to socialize with bus drivers while traveling in a different bus than the males.
The most shocking (at least in an American's point of view) separation the
Afghan Women had to endure was not being able to attend school.
Solutions
Denial of humanity towards the other group and are likely to be compared to animals
Solutions
Genocide is always organized, usually by the state, in most cases special army units or militias are often trained and armed. Plans are made for genocidal killings.
The Taliban has massive connections and supporters who they train to do their bidding.
Afghan National Army units have been seen assisting the Taliban-backed Kuchi in their violent looting.
Several weeks ago, organized and well armed Kochie nomads, assisted by Afghan government supported Taliban fighters, murdered men, women and children, and killed livestock in the Hazara heartland.
A good way, perhaps the most important way to fight the organization stage of Genocide is to learn from previous mistakes and set up precautions to prevent a repeat of the same event. Ways to do this would be to set up routine check-ups for places under the Genocide Watch list.
Extremists isolate and separate the people of the group from each other and the outside world
The withdrawal of the National Atlantic Treaty Organization forces (NATO) could result in a decline of the human rights situation in the country.
By discriminating against Hindus, Afghanistan is violating one of the most widely accepted international treaties, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
The Taliban edict made Afghan Hindus hostages to the politics of the region
Also, Afghanistan remains ethically and religiously polarized. For example, Afghan Muslims and Afghan Hindus continue to retaliate against each other by organizing book burnings and destructing statues, which results in a more polarized country.
Solution (1)
The Afghan government must defeat resurgent Taliban forces in order to decrease the rapid deterioration of the human rights situation.
Steps to organize the killings of the prisoners
Solutions
Mass killings by the extremists, legally called "genocide"
Solutions
After the terrorists attacks on the Twin Towers in New York and the Pentagon in Washington, DC, the United States invaded Afghanistan. The Taliban lost power and a new government was elected.
The government was trying to fight against human rights abuses, but crimes against women are still being committed by the Taliban.
Some examples of crimes against women are forced marriage, running away, or sex outside of marriage.
Some women are arrested for being a victim of domestic abuse or rape.
Women are not allowed to obtain divorces and some women are even convicted of having sex outside of marriage.
Perpetrators of genocide try to cover up and deny the events that have occurred
There is no evidence of this stage of the Afghanistan Genocide because it is still under watch.
Some civilians were killed via war casualties, some children and adults died due to nuclear radiation, and others were murdered in gruesome fashions by the Taliban.
When the American troops invaded Afghanistan in 2001, the weapons of both parties concluded in the demise/ injury of many innocent civilians. Also, the release of nuclear radiation infected many adults, children, and unborn babies.
After the American invasion, the chance of a child dieing between the time of birth and five years of age increased by 90%. An example violence performed by the Taliban is a first hand account that reveals that hundreds of people were packed into containers where they suffocated when the doors were locked in the searing midday heat
Also, men, women and children were shot in their homes and on the
street, and hospital patients were murdered in their beds.
Although there is not much evidence of preparation in the Afghanistan Genocide, there a some instances where children are being taken to unknown places.
One instance states that after killing their parents, the Taliban would stuff containers with children and carry them off to an unknown place.
Another instance says that a container was stuffed with around 303 people, three alive and the rest dead. This is solely due to the Taliban being ethnically against certain groups of Muslims in Afghanistan.
The only solution to this problem would be for someone to take a stand, whether it be another country or someone inside of Afghanistan.
Although there are some rebel groups, these small groups are not enough to over through the Taliban and stop the Taliban from causing a massive genocide that is bound to come.
Security Council can be mobilized, armed international intervention should be prepared, and heavy assistance should be provided to the victim group to prepare for its self-defense.
Also humanitarian assistance should be organized by the U.N. and private relief groups for the inevitable tide of refugees to come.
One solution for this stage of Genocide in Afghanistan would be to banish the Taliban from power, but steps have been taken for this already.
Establishing a government that accepts all branches of Islam was also help.
Eradicating the Taliban that still reside in Afghanistan and continue to hurt many Afghans would help as well.
The only way to fully take control over this problem is to banish the Taliban fully.
To combat symbolization, hate symbols can be legally forbidden as can hate speech.
Group marking like gang clothing or tribal scarring can be outlawed, as well.
If widely supported, however, denial of symbolization can be powerful.
To combat the organization stage, membership in Genocide militias should be outlawed. If people feel like they are free to join such groups without repercussions they might do so without second thoughts. It is important to make it clear that there are risks to joining these groups with the sole purpose of mass murder.
Solution #2
Solution #3
The United Nations should impose arms restrictions on governments and citizens of countries involved in genocidal massacres. While this may seem somewhat extreme, steps need to be taken to insure safety for the people of Afghanistan. People will feel safer if they are given insurance and a feeling of stability knowing that they are a little bit safer as getting guns will be that much more difficult.
Solution #1

Afghan Holocaust, Afghan Genocide." Afghan Holocaust, Afghan Genocide. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Benedetto, Richard. "Obama Sidesteps Afghan War -- With Media's Help | RealClearPolitics." Obama Sidesteps Afghan War -- With Media's Help | RealClearPolitics. N.p., 08 Aug. 2013. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Korb, Lawrence. "Genocide Watch." Genocide Watch. N.p., 15 Aug. 2013. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
NELSON, SORAYA. "The Taliban's Little White Book Offered Harsh Rules to Live By." Los Angeles Times, 30 Nov. 2001. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
-. "Russian Invasion of Afghanistan." Russian Invasion of Afghanistan. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Sheridan, Michael. "ASIA / Genocide in Afghanistan." WWW.OPPRESSION.ORG / ASIA / Genocide in Afghanistan. N.p., 1999. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Assistance or security protection for the victims should be organized to prevent the genocide from continuing onto the next stage.
Solution (2)
Solution (3)
Stop hate groups from broadcasting polarizing propaganda towards the country.
Local and international leaders should condemn the use of hate speech and make it culturally unacceptable.
Leaders who incite genocide should be banned from international travel and have their foreign finances frozen.
Hate radio stations should be shut down, and hate propaganda banned.
Hate crimes and atrocities should be promptly punished.
Solution #4
In post Genocide Rwanda the U.N create commissions to investigate violations of the arms laws, to prevent this stage it is good idea to do this in other countries as well.
A multilateral force authorized by the U.N. should intervene.
If the U.N. is paralyzed, regional alliances must act. It is time to recognize that the international responsibility to protect transcends the narrow interests of individual nation states.
If strong nations will not provide troops to intervene directly, they should provide the airlift, equipment, and financial means necessary for regional states to intervene.
Solutions
In case of Denial
The response to denial is punishment by an international tribunal or national courts. There the evidence can be heard, and the perpetrators punished.
An International Criminal Court may not deter the worst genocidal killers. But with the political will to arrest and prosecute them, some may be brought to justice.
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