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Literary Elements

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by

Milla Wang

on 12 January 2014

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Transcript of Literary Elements

Literary Elements
Plot
Plot is the literary element that describes the structure of a story. It shows arrangement of events and actions within a story
Irony
A contrast between what is expected and what actually happens
Character
The people(or animals, things, etc. presented as people) appearing in a literary work.
Setting
The setting is the place where the story takes place. Setting includes the following:
--the geographical location
--the time period
--the socio-economic characteristics of the location
--the specific building, room, and so forth
Setting can be used to tell readers about the characters
Setting can be used to set the atmosphere for the story
Conflict
Conflict is the dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no plot.
Milla 10A
Exposition
The start of the story, the situation before the action starts. For example, information about the setting, events occurring before the main plot, characters' back stories, etc
Rising Action
The series of conflicts and crisis in the story that lead to the climax
Climax
The turning point, the most intense moment
——either mentally or in action
Falling Action
All of the action which follows the climax. The part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved.
Resolution
The conclusion, the tying together of all of the threads
Internal Conflict
External Conflict
Protagonist
The main character in a literary work
Direct Characterization
The author develops the personality of a character by direct statements.
Indirect Characterization
Revealing a character's personality through
—the character's thoughts, words, and action
—the comments of other characters
—the character's physical appearance
Situational
Something happens that we wouldn’t expect to happen

Verbal
What is said is different than what is meant

Dramatic
The reader knows something the characters do not
Harrison Bergeron
In 2081, everybody was finally equal.
The Story of an hour
Mrs. Mallard's sister told her that her husband was dead.
Lamb to the slaughter
Mary loved her husband.
Harrison Bergeron
Harrison Bergeron ran out of the jail.
The story of an hour
She was sad. Then she realized she is free. She thought about her life ahead her. Goddess of victory is ready to go out in the world.
Lamb to the slaughter
Her husband told her he is leaving her. She used the leg to kill her husband. She sets up an alibi. Police came.
Harrison Bergeron
Harrison Bergren kissed with the Ballerina.
The story of an hour
Goddess of victory falls dies.
Lamb to the slaughter
She offers them food.
Harrison Bergeron
Glampers shoots Harrison Bergeron.
Forces others to go back to normal.
The story of an hour
Her husband shows up.
Lamb to the slaughter
Polices eat the murder weapon.
Harrison Bergeron
Harrison Bergeron dies, everything goes back to normal.
The story of an hour
Died of joy.
Lamb to the slaughter
Marry get away with murder.
Harrison Bergeron
Character VS Society
The story of an hour
Character VS Self
Lamb to the slaughter
Character VS Character
Harrison Bergeron
Place:
United States
Time:
In 2081
Mood:
Bleak
The Story of an hour
Place:
At home
Time:
In spring
Mood:
Strange
Lamb to the slaughter
Place:
At home
Time:
At night
Mood:
Sad, strange
Harrison Bergeron
George
Hazel
Harrison Bergeron
Ballerina
The Handicapper General
The story of an hour
Mrs. Mallard
Josephine
Brently Mallard
Lamb to the slaughter
Marry Maloney
Her husband
Police
The three stories I am going to explain are:
1. Harrison Bergeron
Author:
Kurt Vonnegut, Jr
Summary:
In 2081, everybody is finally equal. But a boy named Harrison Bergeron wants to be free. So he runs out of the jail and violate the law with a Ballerina. At last, he was killed. Then everything goes back to normal.
2. The story of an hour
Author:
Kate Chopin
Summary:
Mrs. Mallard's sister told her that her husband was dead. She realize she's free, she feels so happy. But then, her husband shows up. She died because of joy.
3. Lamb to the slaughter
Author:
Roald Dahl
Summary:
At first, Mallard loves her husband very much. But after her husband told her he is leaving her, she use a lamb leg to kill her husband. She sets up an alibi and call the police. She offers them food so they eat the murder weapon. At last Mallard get away with murder.
Harrison Bergeron
Situational
The story of an hour
Situational
Lamb to the slaughter
Situational

Character vs. Self
The theme that places a character against his or her own will, confusion or fears.
Internal Conflict is what happens within the mind of a character in a story.
The conflict which a character has with someone or something else.
Character vs Character
one person, or like being, is in conflict with another person or like being.
Character vs Nature
This conflict places a character against the forces of nature.
The character must survive.
Character vs Society
A character or a group of characters are in conflict with a society's social traditions or norms.
Like what happens in "The Outsiders"
Character vs the Supernatural
It's a conflict with a human character(or a group) and a supernatural character(or a group).
Character vs Fate
It's the conflict with a character(or a group of) and fate. For example, when a man is in a war or a battle, he should fight with his fate because fate can change him, if he is not ready for this, he will die.
Character vs technology
It is a theme in literature that places a character against technology. Like the movie "Tron"
In 2014, everyone is the same. But Harrison Bergeron doesn't want that. He fight with the society but at last he die.
The main character die because she is too happy so she has a heart attack.
Mary killed her husband because she is so sad.
We don't know that Harrison will die at last.
We don't know that Mrs. Mallard will die at last.
We don't know that Mary will kill her husband
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