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World War One Machine Guns

History Project on World War One Machine Guns
by

Jamison Scott

on 10 April 2013

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Transcript of World War One Machine Guns

Information covered in presentation Details and description for the Vickers Machine Gun and Maschinengewehr 08 Background of both Machine Guns Advantages/Disadvantages of Machine Guns The Effectiveness of Machine Guns Details: Weight of Gun: 30lb-50lb Length of Gun: 1,100mm Rate of Fire: 450 to 500 rounds/minute Effective Range: 2,187 yds Maxiumum Range: 4,500 yds Feed System: 250-round canvas belt Bullets: 7.7mm Description: This weapon was water cooled and was one of the first guns that automatically recoiled itself allowing it to fire hundreds of rounds per minute at the pull of a trigger Required a three to eight man
team to operate the gun: one to fire, one to feed the ammunition, the rest to help carry the weapon, its ammunition and spare parts Details: Weight: Length of Gun: Rate of Fire: Effective Range: Maximum Range: Feed System: Bullets: 65kg 1175mm 400-500 Rounds/min 2,200 yds 3,800yds 250 Round fabric belt 7.9mm Worked on the basis of short barrel recoil and toggle lock To prevent the gun from overheating a water jacket was placed on the barrel of the gun Gun Gun was mounted on a sledge called Schlitten The Vickers Machine gun was designed and produced by Vickers Limited for the British army. The idea was to create a fully automatic weapon. • It proved to be known as the most useful weapon of WW1 The Vickers machine gun was not the first ever machine gun it was simply a perfected design of the earlier Maxim model machine gun. German Army's standard machine gun Based off of Hiram S. Maxim's original 1884 Maxim Gun Named after its year of adoption (1908)and a development of the earlier MG01 12,000 MG08's were available to the German Army at the start of WW1 Production of MG08's increased rapidly
during wartime Guns were made in Berlin and Spandau 1. Machine Guns were fed by fabric or metal belts
so gunners can fire many rounds without reloading frequently 2. Very difficult for enemies to destroy 3. Fire 400-500 rounds per minute ( high rate of fire) 4. One machine gun carried the power of 60-100 rifles 5. Is capable of killing thousands of
enemy soldiers across the battlefield 6. Fully automatic 1. Sustained fire would cause them to
overheat 2. Takes a team of 3-8 people to operate 3. Fairly heavy and difficult to move around 4. Inoperative without cooling mechanism 5. Accurate fire is difficult to acheive 6. When used by an inexperience gunner
machine guns would often jam Machine Guns were first deployed in the American Civil War to devastating effect, but as years passed machine guns started to advance and ended up becoming even more effective in World War One. They could fire over 400 bullets in one minute and they were so effective that they were considered as "Weapons of mass Destruction. On the opening day of the Battle of Somme the British offensive suffered a record number of single day causalities, 60,000. The majority of these causalities were caused by heavy machine gun fire. Also armies of WW1 had to dig trenches because of machine gun fire. Also during August of 1916, the British army celebrated its 100th company with the Machine Gun Corps. They fired their 10 Vickers machine guns continuously for 12 hours. A total of 1 million rounds were fired without a single breakdown, it had an absolute foolproof reliability. It proved to be the war-winning weapon when properly operated therefore the machine guns were easily the most effective weapon of WW1 It was produced in 1912 and served its purpose until later in 1968. The weapon could be rotated and elevated for maximum efficiency and accuracy Took 4-5 people to operate Sources http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/machine_guns.htm

http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW1/weapons.htm

http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/gabrmetz/gabr001d.htm

WORLD WAR 1 books
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