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Wendat and Woodland Cree spiritual and Religious Beliefs
Transcript of Wendat and Woodland Cree spiritual and Religious Beliefs
By: Asya P. and Yashna N.
Wendat: Most healers did ceremonies for health and well-being. Healers also drove away evil spirits and dangers.
Wendat: The Wendat did not have a lot of sacred items but one is tobacco for ceremonies and spiritual activities like blessing a native after they die or pass away
Wendat: Healers were the ones to do death ceremonies for the ones that have died. Also told people that they are going to die to prepare a befor death ceremon
Woodland Cree: Shamans had a special connections with the creator. They used special tools to help their tribe members. Shamans talked to the creator and magical spirits. They also word of evil spirits.
1. a person regarded as having access to, and influence in, the world of good and evil spirits. Typically such people that practice divination and healing.
Woodland Cree: In the Woodland Cree culture there were a lot of sacred items. Like the number four and the "circle". Tobacco was sacred to smoke; when smoked it shows respect to the creator. When burned sweet grass is also sacred and shows gratitude to the creator. Eagle feathers were sacred to have on. Drums were sacred when danced to in ceremonies.
Woodland Cree: When one died it was greatly mourned with in tribe members. There were ceremonies dedicated to them. Before put in a coffin they were washed. Their coffin was an object that looked similar to the modern day one but built out of birch wood; the dead one was also wrapped in birch and put into the ground.
Ceremonies and Feasts
Wendat: The healer did all the ceremonies for the Wendat people. There were more feasts then ceremonies. The thanksgiving feast was for good fortune. Feast were also for wendat people that have physical or mental disorders to ask the gods to help the person. There are feast for saying goodbye to the people that the healer has said they are going to die. At most feasts there are lots of dancing
Wendat: Elders in the villages, ate pie and huddled around the longhouse fire and passed on stories of how things came to be to the younger generations. Nothing was recorded, everything was orally passed down through stories. Each myth or legend had a purpose to explain an element of creation. Legends did this by using characters with symbolic representation. for example: In the creation story, a young woman Aientsik represented the fertile earth; her husband was Tharonhiawakon or ‘He who Holds Up the Sky.’ A turtle’s back became the ocean floor on which the earth is settled, and Aientsik’s daughter represents the wind.
Woodland Cree: Religious acts were a everyday thing for the Woodland Cree tribe members. Elders taught the younger ones and some adults about the creator. They called the creator KITTCHI MANITOU. The tribe members heavily based their life on the 'circle'. As in everyone is a fetus and then born, afterward everyone grows-up and dies. They had sweat-lodges that were similar to huts.
Similarities and Differences
Woodland Cree: Ceremonies were held usually in the summer time. In ceremonies drums were played and danced to this was a holy act. In ceremonies tribe members also brought things to donate. The more you gave the more respect you got. One also gained reward from the creator for ones generous acts.
Believed in one god.
Believed in multiple gods and goddesses
They used symbols to communicate to their gods and goddesses
They used symbols for explanations and reasons.
Prayers were mainly toward to thank the god(s) and *goddesses.
They smoke tobacco for sacred reasons.
Based their life on a circle with four parts in it.