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Transcript of Memory
Different Parts of Memory
What is Memory?
The Faults of Memory
8-Ways of Knowing
The dictionary describes memory as "the faculty by which the mind stores and remembers information".
In TOK, Memory is defined as knowledge from the past.
The Three Stages of Memory
The period of time that passes between the Acquisition and the Retrieval of the memory.
Knowledge is recalled in response to a new event.
Knowledge is gained through experiencing an event
While driving to school, you see a "Lost-Cat" poster.
You proceed to drive to school
Short -Term Memory determines what information will be stored temporarily, and what information will transgress into the Long-Term Memory.
While driving, you see the lost cat, and recall the poster.
Implicit Memory is information that is part of the unconscious, and is often stored unintentionally, such as procedural tasks.
Brushing your teeth.
A phone number.
Explicit Memory is information that is part of the conscious, and is stored intentionally, as it will specifically be recalled at a later time.
Studying for a history test.
The Benefits of Memory
Large Knowledge Bank
Memory's most important feature is storing gained knowledge, which can be later retrieved for use in other situations.
Preserving The Past
By recording our experiences of previous events, memory allows us to keep diverse cultures alive and preserve ancient languages.
Hindsight Bias, also known as the I-knew-it-along
fallacy. It is the tendency people have to view events
as more predictable than they really are.
When someone is choking, remembering the Heimlich Maneuver is very helpful.
Different Types of Memory
Eidetic memory would allow someone to also
retain the sound, smell, textures, and tastes
of that particular scene.
A couple in school breaks up, and you pretend that you predicted that it wouldn't last anyway.
Consistency Bias is when one interprets their past in a way that is consistent with how they are now.
When you were younger, you thought that bringing your action figure to school made you cool , bu that is no longer the case.
Decay theory - Memory traces begin to fade and disappear if the information is not retrieved and rehearsed.
Interference theory - Suggests that some memories compete and interfere with other memories.
Failure to store - Encoding failures sometimes prevent information from entering long-term memory.
Please look at the picture for 15 seconds
Repression is a defense mechanism that sends traumatic memories of an event into the subconscious of a person to protect their conscious self from knowing things that they cannot cope with.
Alzheimers Disease is a brain disease that causes memory decay and dementia.
There are different types of memory, and some have benefits over others.
If you divide the picture exactly vertically in the middle, which side has more yellow flowers?
2. Where was the big stone placed?
3. What color was dominating in the picture?
History is a record of human's
experiences through time.
Photographic memory is the ability to recollecting images of a scene from the past at will, although they are blurry and roughly defined.