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Chemistry: Dreams/Nightmares/NightTerrors/Sleeping(Mainly about sleeping)
Transcript of Chemistry: Dreams/Nightmares/NightTerrors/Sleeping(Mainly about sleeping)
Serotonin (Neurotransmitter.) Keeps parts of the brain active while we are awake. Serotonin is one of the most important chemicals in our bodies that help regulating the sleep/wake cycle. Serotonin also is synthesized by the pineal gland to make melatonin, the hormone that is directly related to healthy sleep. Melatonin can be taken as a dietary supplement. When melatonin is taken, it helps people with sleep disorders get to sleep more quickly. However, excess melatonin levels can also lead to trouble sleeping and other health issues.
Serotonin is its common name. A more scientific name for Serotonin would be “5-hydroxytryptamin.” (5 H-T)" There are specific chemicals in our bodies that contribute to our sleep patterns. Serotonin is an Organic compound.
Molecular/chemical formula for Serotonin: C10H12N2O.
Molar Mass: 176.2151 g/mol Melatonin.
Cells in the suprachiasmatic nucleus contain receptors for melatonin, a hormone produced in a predictable daily rhythm by the pineal gland, which is located deep in the brain between the two hemispheres. Levels of melatonin begin climbing after dark and ebb after dawn. The hormone induces drowsiness in some people, and scientists believe its daily light-sensitive cycles help keep the sleep/wake cycle on track.
Melatonin is its common name. Its chemical name is “N-acetyl-5-methoxytrptamine.”
Chemical family: Organic
Chemical Formula for Melatonin: CH16N2O2 Molar Mass: 232.27834 Oxytocin (Neurohormone.) Oxytocin, once released in the body, effects sleep processes. Levels of oxytocin peak at around 5 hours after sleep onset when REM sleep predominates. Oxytocin levels are also correlated with stages of light sleep (Stage 2 of sleeping). Dreams from Stage II are just as filled with social interactions as dreams from REM sleep. Oxytocin is a peptide hormone. Scientists believe that since Oxytocin affects our social emotions in real life, that it may do the same while we are asleep. “ If OT influences social emotions in waking life there is no reason to believe it doesn't do so in dreams.” “ Previous research has demonstrated that sleep and dream recall varies significantly by social/relationship orientation and status. Persons classified with ‘anxious' attachment styles enter sleep faster, sleep longer, and recall more negative dreams and nightmares than persons classified with ‘avoidant' orientations. Oxytocin levels and activity may be the factor that connects social relationships in waking life and depictions of social relationships in dreams.” Chemical formula: C43H66N12O12S2
Molar Mass: 1007.18734
*Oxytocin is an organic compound* The next chemical may be considered one of the
more important chemicals involved with REM sleep
Acetylcholine neurons are associated cortical arousal (Increase in wave frequency) which is directly related to REM sleep. REM sleep begins in the Peribrachial (REM headquarters) area of the brain where Acetylcholine neurons go directly. Cells that release Acetylcholine are called "cholinergic". These cholinergic cells project into the forebrain and cerebral cortex and causes stimulation of these areas, resulting in behavioral arousal. Chemical Formula: CH3COOCH2CH2N(CH3)3 Molar Mass: 146.2074 g/mol Adenosine Adenosine appears to accumulate in your bloodstream when you're awake and eventually makes you drowsy. Inside your brain, your adenosine levels exert a major influence on the regulation of non-REM sleep, according to a 2008 study published in "Biochemical Pharmacology." This regulating effect occurs when an enzyme called adenosine deaminase breaks down, or metabolizes, adenosine molecules. The rate of this metabolism has an effect on the intensity and duration of sleep when slow brain waves are present. Metabolism also reduces your brain's adenosine supplies, and your adenosine levels drop as sleep continues. Chemical Formula: C10H16N5O13P3 Molar Mass: 507.18 g/mol