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ADA/IDEA

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Amber Chelette

on 22 May 2017

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Transcript of ADA/IDEA

1973
Rehabilitation Act
(Section 504)
Prevented discrimination against persons having disabilities
1975
Education for All Handicapped Children Act
1990
Americans With
Disabilities Act (ADA)
1990
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
1997
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Reauthorized
2004
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act
2008
Americans with Disabilities Act
Amendment Act
Free appropriate public education (FAPE) for all children with disabilities
P.E. required service
Prevents discrimination against persons with disabilities in employment, public space, transportation and media
Additional services include transportation, assessment and transition
Additional guidelines on state and national assessment, discipline
Funding for early intervention
Introduced Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
Accessibility of curriculum

Broadened definition of disability
Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
All students should be in general classroom unless no acceptable accommodation exists
Spend as much time in general classroom as possible
Winnick, 2011
Winnick, 2011
Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE)
Special education is free
Transportation is free
Aids are free...
PreK-High School
Meet State standards

Definition of Disability:
"Has a Physical or mental impairment that substantially limits participation in daily activities
Has a record of having the disability
Is regarded as having the disability"
ADA, 1990
Who?
Children 3-21 years of age
having a disability in:
speech
language
emotion
intellectual ability
What?
Federal Funding to provide children with disabilities special education and related services (SERS)
Inclusion and equal opportunity in public recreation programs
Inclusion in general physical education to the greatest extent possible

Physical education must be provided
Sections:
Title I: Employment

Title II: Public services and transportation

Title III: Public accommodations

Title IV: Telecommunications
ADATA (2015)
ADA & IDEA
The legislature advancing the rights of persons with disabilities
Bibliography:
ADA National Network (2015) An overview of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
ADA National Network (n.d.) ADA Questions and Answers.
NCLD (2014) Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Retrieved from: http://www.ncld.org/action-center/learn-the-law
Public Law 94-142 (1975) Retrieved from: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/STATUTE-89/pdf/STATUTE-89-Pg773.pdf
S. Rep No. 108-185, (2003) Retrieved from: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CRPT-108srpt185/html/CRPT-108srpt185.htm
Individualized Education Program (IEP)
Annual contract discussion how the school will meet the educational needs of each individual child
NCLD (2014)
NCLD (2009)
Related services
Transportation
Speech pathology
Audiology
Recreation
PT/OT
Early identification
Assessment
Counseling
Diagnoses
Health...
Winnick, (2011)
Winnick, (2011)
NCLD (2015)
NCLD (2015)
Winnick, (2011)
Winnick, (2011)
PL, 1975
S Rep, (2003)
Winnick, (2011)
What do you think about when you hear the words
Civil
Rights
Today
rights of persons with disabilities is still an everyday battle
How will you respond?
"the time has come to firmly establish the right of disabled Americans to dignity and self-respect as equal and contributing members of society and to end the virtual isolation of millions of children and adults."
-- Senator Hubert Humphrey
Years after Discussion of Sect 504 began, the law was still not signed or enforced.

Sit-ins were staged all over the United States

San Francisco lasted 28 days
By Steve Morgan - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36580715
Sect 504
Federal funding was tied to abiding by this new law
BUT...
It lacked the clarity it needed for enforcement
We still use "504 plans"
Even though the law has changed over time
Accommodations for education that
covers students/challenges that may not be covered under IDEA
ADA/504
IDEA/IEP
NCODH Removing Barriers
Fitness Center Before and After
Full transcript