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The World in the 21st Century WHAP
Transcript of The World in the 21st Century WHAP
Global Alphabet Soup
Agencies and organizations made to protect and facilitate trade
Early: IMF and World Bank to stabilize world economic relations and loan financial assistance in 1945.
WTO: formerly GATT, set global rules and regulations for trade relationships.
G6: Group of 6, forum of world's industrialized democracies: US, BR, W. GY, IT, JP, POL. Now CA and RU= G8. Meet annually to discuss global concerns.
G20: European government financial leaders to represent industrialized and developing economies.
Rise of China and India
CH- normalized trade w/US and acceptance in WTO in 2001, now an econ powerhouse. Special Economic Zones- exempt from communism. Led to industrial BOOM, but also Internet freedom limitations.
ID- largest democracy, but in '91 was struggling to compete in global economy. Leaned in to tech boom, and now has a booming economy.
Both ID and CH are nuclear powers and have tension w/ neighbors (Pakistan and North Korea), have complicated relationships w/ western powers, & deal w/ econ inequality and poverty.
Global Health Crisis
WHO: World Health Organization works to lower infant mortality and diseases like influenza in areas w/ limited medical care/medicine.
1918 Flu Epidemic: killed millions around the world, thanks to WWI.
AIDS: health crisis notably in sub-Saharan Africa where almost 25% of adults in some countries live w/ HIV.
Recent concerns over food: suppliers more distant from consumers, so safety regulations harder to enforce.
Green Revolution: 50s-60s industrialized agriculture w/ GMOs, pesticides, etc. + More food, - destroying rainforests in Indonesia and South America, and increased social conflict.
Kyoto Protocol: 1997 to reduce environmental damage, but US and CA didn't ratify, so doesn't work as well.
World Trade and Cultural Exchange
Deregulation of global interaction after the end of the Cold War + Internet + rise of eastern Asia = globally integrated financial networks.
Regional trading blocks
NAFTA= North American Free Trade Agreement, early 90's.
EU= European Union tied most member nations to a single currency- the euro= the Eurozone. Wanted to compete w/ US after fall of SU.
Internet and spread of English (BR Imperialism and US WWII) led to cultural integration and spread of art, music, and literature.
AP World History
Age of the Computer
PC= personal computer, no longer took up entire rooms.
Internet= more than just cat memes.
Social Media- Twitter changed how news is reported and played a big role in the Arab Spring of 2011, where oppressive regimes in several nations toppled due in part to the exposure of problems by Twitter.
Censorship: still in India and China, but overall Internet still brings people and businesses together.
CCOT- Role of Women
Global integration --> access to education and political freedoms among middle and upper classes.
Women's suffrage expanded: after WWII, most new African countries included women's vote in their constitutions.
Communism and women: women helped w/ Comm. Revs in RU, CH, and CU, and were given educational opportunities and legal rights. But, gender discrimination still an issue- all key positions in Communist parties held by men.
One Child Policy: disproportionately affect women.
Family Structure: change in industrialized world w/ lower birth rates and marriages.
Work: women's presence in workforce widely accepted in industrialized nations, but not equal pay yet. Agricultural nations not yet so accepting.
Pulling It All Together
Nationalism led to rise of fascism and independence movements after WWII, and Cold War. It affected all major global events of the 20th century.
Convergence of Cultures?
Could go both ways.
Globalization is bringing cultures all around the world to most parts of the world.
However, globalization doesn't necessarily mean convergence. People don't have to accept what is spread.