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The Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes

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on 22 September 2014

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Transcript of The Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes

By Kieran B, Melissa G, and Erica M
The Ethical Theory of Plane Crashes
Gladwells purpose and audience

Is it the crew's fault or the captain's?
Both because on page 181 he says how an audit detailed instances of flight crews smoking cigarettes when the plane was in the air and how "Crew read newspapers throughout the flight" and often in a way that if there were a warning light to come on, they wouldn't notice. It is also the captains fault for not being more strict about the rules that must be followed.
What are some reasons for why plane crashes occur?
In a typical plane crash the weather is poor. Also in some cases the plane is behind schedule and so the pilots are hurrying. 52% of crashes, the pilot has been awake for twelve hours or more, meaning the pilot is tired or not thinking straight. 44% of the time, the pilots have never flown together before and are therefore not comfortable with each other. So they don't communicate with each other very well and make error after error until they cant go back. (pg 184)
Why did Korean Air have so many crashes, and then change? (182)
The Korean Airlines had so many crashes because they didn't really take flying seriously, but then changed because it wasn't until their reputation was tarnished, that they acknowledged the importance of its cultural legacy. They are now as safe as any airline in the world and renamed the Asiana Airlines.

Arguments
Pathos: In the initial section of the chapter the author used the transcript of the plane flight to set the tone for the chapter, but pathos was underutilized in establishing the main argument of the chapter.

Ethos: not really established why he's a credible source. He credits some experts, but they aren't speaking on the specific situation discussed in the chapter.

Logos: Gladwell gives us percentages and flight time experienced by an actual pilot. In addition, the author discusses the nature of the captain's day before the crash - totally ordinary.
Ethos, pathos, and logos
-The purpose of this chapter was to discuss the steps and other key elements that lead to plane crashes and to emphasize that you are given many opportunities that can be beneficial or deadly. Outside factors also lead to which outcome occurs.
- The intended audience is most likely plane companies and pilots in training. The audience also pertains to current pilots and to anyone thinking about flying.

Brief summary

In chapter 7 Gladwell argues that the reason for the high number of Korean Airlines plane crashes is a culture of mitigated speech and superiority leading to poor communication between the pilots.
Questions
Explicit
-
If the first officer had been the captain would he have hinted three times? (197)
-Are power holders entitled to special privileges? (205)
Implicit
-Is communication still a problem today? And if so how often does it occur without us knowing?
- If culture has such an effect on us how can we change the way we act when it shaped who we are?


Conclusion and discussion
The conclusion we made about this chapter were that you cannot assume everyone is like you. People come from all over the world and not all of them have the same strengths or weakness you have. Planes show us how important it is to create a safe non judgemental environment for the others and not to let cultural norms have control over you .
Discussion questions
:
Do you think that this chapter can pertain not only to plane crashes?
Is it the captain’s fault for not understanding his advisers, or theirs for not being obvious enough?
Full transcript