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Geology of National Parks Final Review

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Jacklyn Toms

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Geology of National Parks Final Review

Geology of U.S. National Parks
Final Review

What is...
A natural occurring inorganic solid with a definite chemical composition and an ordered internal structure?
Match the Era with what it is known for:
(BONUS POINT +1)
Fossils are only found in _____________ rocks.
All the bedrock exposed in Ohio are __________ __________ rocks.
Match the unconformities...
(BONUS POINT +1)
1. Angular

2. Non-conformity

3. Disconformity
TRUE or FALSE
Absolute dating is the age of rocks and features compared to other surrounding rocks and features.
In which National Park will you find intricate crystals and boxwork calcite patterns?
In which National Park can you find stalagmites, stalagtites, columns, and other cave decorations in the longest known cave in the world?
(BONUS POINTS +2) - COMPARE...
Porosity
and
permeability

In this park, you will find lignite (soft coal) that has been struck by lightning and burned into scoria.
In which park would you find sand dunes AND permafrost?
Name 9 parks in the Colorado Plateau... and name which ones are in the Grand Staircase, from top to bottom!!
Which National Park contains Fort Jefferson, the largest coastal fort in the United States?
AVAILABLE TO STEAL!
What is the difference between continental alpine glaciers?
Name 3 types of glacial topography.

(E.g. U-shaped Valley)
(No, you can't use U-shaped Valley as 1 of your 3.)
What is...
...material deposited directly by a glacier which is unsorted. Everything is dumped together, there are no layers.
What is...
...a boulder transported by ice that was not derived from the local bedrock?
BONUS POINTS!
(+ 2 OR + 4 if you can name 3 without using any notes)
What national park is mostly underwater, filled with ooids, and comprised of reefs and sea grass meadows with mangrove swamps and an estuary in Florida?
Mt. McKinley, the highest peak in North America, can be found in which national park?
Name the park in which you would find the highest point in Texas. It is located nearby Carlsbad Caverns, just to the south and is home to El Capitan.
The LARGEST of all national parks is...?
In which national park would you find glaciers "calving" into the ocean?
Two major geologic landmarks, El Capitan and the Half Dome can be viewed in this park.
Which park has the oldest rocks of any national park?
This park is home to Long's Peak, the highest point in the Rocky Mountains along with Fall River, which was carved from a glacier and runs through a U-shaped valley. This park has mostly Precambrian rocks.
This Michigan park contains the largest island in Lake Superior.
TRUE or FALSE...
Igneous rocks compose approximately 2/3 of the Earth's crust.
AVAILABLE TO STEAL!
________ lava forms light colored rocks which are most common in continental crusts, and can cause violent eruptions periodically; ________ lava forms dark colored rocks which are most common in the oceanic crusts, and causes very mellow/non-explosive eruptions; _________ lava is the most frequently explosive, and a "middle ground" between the first two lava types.
This volcanically active park on the Ring of Fire contains the "Valley of 10,000 Smokes", and is the home of the brown bears.
The main vent for Kilauea, known as the Puu Oo Cone, can be seen in this park where all the rocks are Cenozoic basalt.
The oldest of all national parks containing the largest concentration of thermal features in the world is...
World famous for it's beautiful sunrise, this park has the youngest rocks in the Hawaiian chain of volcanoes. It is still forming now and has the most recent volcanic activity.
The deepest lake in the United States, which contains Wizard Island, has the same
name of which national park?
The rocks in this park, located in the South Pacific Ocean (U.S. territory) are older than the rocks in Hawaii Volcanoes national park.
In this park, named for the large bends in the Rio Grande River, you are likely to find ancient vertebrate fossils and cinnabar.
This park, located in the Mojave Desert, contains the hottest, driest, and lowest land in the United States.
The Snake River flows through this Wyoming park, which lies just south of Yellowstone National Park. You can view "The Great Unconformity" here.
In a _________ fault, the hanging wall moves down in regards to the foot wall, where in a ___________ fault, the hanging wall moves up.
WHAT TYPE OF FAULT IS THIS?
BONUS POINTS
(+3 or +6 IF you don't use notes)
Name the three stages of mountain building...
The southernmost, dormant, cascade volcano can be found in which park? A dasite dome is present here, where the park serves as the boundary between the Cascades and the Andes to the south.
DO YOU RECOGNIZE THIS PEAK?
(+1 BONUS POINT)
This park is ironically named for the tallest Redwood trees on Earth that reside here.
Laurel Falls tumbles over Precambrian Thunderhead Sandstone in this national park which lies in Tennessee and North Carolina.
This California park is located in a rain shadow desert and is known for it's unique tree type, shown here:
Windblown erosion turned former tree-trunks into caliche towers in which national park? This park has a cool, foggy climate and is inhabited by seals, sea lions, island fox, sea birds and nine endangered plant species.
This long and skinny park lies along the Blue Ridge Mountains and contains 95 miles of the Appalacian Trail.
Chert and novaculite are common in this national park in Arkansas which is known for it's... big hint... hot springs and bath houses. Water temperatures here range from 95.4 to 147 degrees Fahrenheit.
You can view many gigantic trees like this one from the peak of Mt. Whitney, the highest point in the lower 48 states, in this national park.
In Arizona, this park has become world famous for this special type of cactus, after which the park is named:
LAST QUESTION
(+5 BONUS POINTS!)
AVAILABLE TO STEAL
MUST ANSWER ALL 3 PARTS
Normal faulting and weathering creates a ______ & ______ topography which can be found in which national park?
Precambrian
Paleozoic
Mesozoic
Cenozoic
Fishes
Dinosaurs
Mammals
Simple, single-celled organisms
A MINERAL
PRECAMBRIAN - SINGLE CELLED ORGANISMS
PALEOZOIC - FISHES
MESOZOIC - DINOSAURS
CENOZOIC - MAMMALS
SEDIMENTARY
PALEOZOIC
SEDIMENTARY
a. sedimentary rocks over crystalline rocks

b. gap in time between sedimentary rocks

c. bedding planes of overlying rocks at an angle to lower, tilted rocks
1-C
2-A
3-B
FALSE - THIS IS RELATIVE DATING. ABSOLUTE DATING IS THE AGE OF THE ROCK IN YEARS BEFORE PRESENT DETERMINED BY RADIOACTIVE DECAY.
BONUS POINTS! (+3)
PARKS: ARCHES, BRYCE CANYON, CANYONLANDS, CAPITOL REEF, GRAND CANYON, MESA VERDE, GREAT BASIN, PETRIFIED FOREST, & ZION.

STAIRCASE: GRAND CANYON, ZION, BRYCE
Hint: North of Arctic Circle
KOBUK
VALLEY
EACH TEAM WILL GET ONE POINT FOR EACH QUESTION ANSWERED CORRECTLY. WATCH FOR BONUS POINTS AND QUESTIONS AVAILABLE FOR A STEAL (IF 1ST TEAM GUESSED INCORRECTLY)!
TEDDY
ROOSEVELT
POROSITY IS THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF PORE SPACES IN A GIVEN SAMPLE OF SEDIMENT WHERE PERMEABILITY IS THE ABILITY OF A SAMPLE TO TRANSMIT WATER/CONNECTIVITY BETWEEN PORES.
MAMMOTH
CAVE
AVAILABLE TO STEAL!
WIND CAVE
GUADALUPE
MOUNTAINS
BISCANYE
Name the 8 ecosystem zones present in Everglades National Park in Florida.
MARINE
ESTUARINE
MANGROVE
CYPRESS
COASTAL PRARIE
FRESHWATER SLOUGHS
FRESHWATER MARL PRARIE
PINELANDS/HARDWOOD HAMMOCKS
DRY
TORTUGAS
GLACIAL
ERRATIC
CONTINENTAL GLACIERS COVER ENTIRE LAND MASSES (E.G. ANTARCTICA) WHILE ALPINE GLACIERS OCCUR IN MOUNTAINOUS TERRAIN.
CIRQUE
TARN
HORN
ARETE
HANGING VALLEY
GLACIAL
TILL
ISLE
ROYALE
ROCKY
MOUNTAIN
N.P.
VOYAGEURS
(+1 BONUS POINT)
What rock type of rock comprises the Half Dome, and from what Era does it come from?
YOSEMITE

BONUS:
MESOZOIC GRANITE
You can view the 1st sunrise in the United States from Cadillac Mountain in this Maine park.
ACADIA
This park, glaciated in the Cenozoic, has more active glaciers than any other national park in the lower 48 states.
NORTH
CASCADES
WRAGELL-ST. ELIAS
GLACIER
BAY
DENALI
Describe 3 differences between lava and magma.
BONUS POINTS! (+2)
LAVA (1) FLOWS ON TOP OF THE EARTHS SURFACE, (2) COOLS QUICKLY, (3) FORMS SMALL CRYSTALS.

MAGMA (1) FLOWS BELOW THE EARTH'S SURAFCE, (2) COOLS VERY SLOWLY, (3) FORMS LARGE CRYSTALS.
TRUE!
(+3 BONUS POINTS)
FELSIC
MAFIC
INTERMEDIATE
What is the most common intrusive rock in the Earth's continental crusts? It is made from felsic lava, is light in color and has a low density. It has the same chemical composition but different texture than rhyolite and obsidian.
GRANITE
KATMAI
HAWAII
VOLCANOES
YELLOWSTONE
HALEAKALA
CRATER
LAKE
NATIONAL PARK
OF AMERICAN SAMOA
MT. RAINER
LASSEN
VOLCANIC
1. ACCUMULATION STAGE
2. OROGENIC STAGE
3. CRUSTAL EXTENSION, BLOCK FAULTING, AND UPLIFT
TRUE or FALSE....
This is a syncline:
FALSE,
THIS IS
AN ANTICLINE
STRIKE
SLIP
NORMAL,
REVERSE
GRAND
TETON
DEATH
VALLEY
BIG BEND
DUH
GREAT
SMOKY
MOUNTAINS
JOSHUA
TREE
CHANNEL
ISLANDS
SHENANDOAH
HOT
SPRINGS
SEQUOIA
KINGS-CANYON
SAGUARO
BASIN & RANGE
GREAT BASIN
THE END, GOOD LUCK ON THE FINAL!
Full transcript