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Obesity Research Paper

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by

Meredith Johnson

on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of Obesity Research Paper

Obesity The Causes and Cure Thesis: Main Argument What's
at stake Many individuals may place blame on the fast food industry for the rise in obesity in America, when in fact, food education can cure obesity and this blame can be resolved. Health Money Life Span Over Lap Conclusion Why Now? Causes: Definition Unfair Blame Fast Food Fast Food Restaurant Food The Facts Obesity Rates have doubled since the 1970's

2/3's of adults are considered obese

Obesity rates are higher for African-American and Hispanics #'s 68.8% adults are over weight of that 37.7% are obese 30.5% LOW-INCOME PRESCHOOLERS ARE OBESE SHOCKING 1,890 calories
47 grams of saturated fat
4,200 milligrams of sodium
130 grams of carbohydrate IHop Omelet More than 6 egg McMuffins VS McDonalds Egg McMuffin 300 calories
5 grams of saturated fat
840 milligrams of sodium
29 grams of carbohydrates Fast food is not always bad BMI BMI Take your height in inches and square it then put it under your height to divide then multiply by 703 to get your BMI. Body Mass Index
The condition of being excessively fat or overweight Why This? I chose this topic because I have seen the bad effects that come from being overweight and obese. I feel strongly that education is the cure to the issue.

-Mom-Diabetes (Cured through education-Weight Watchers)
-Grandmother-Diabetes, high blood pressure Great example on how food education can help reduce unhealthy eating and reduce obesity. CURE food
Education Healthier
eating Decrease In Obesity How Health classes, Better nutritional labels on foods, continued programs such as NuVal which helps the consumer view which items are healthier, and the Bring Food Back Program. Individuals in lower economic classes can not afford healthy foods. Genetics is a main factor that causes obesity and cannot be controlled. Obesity is only an issue when you weigh more than 300 pounds. Fast food industries provide the unhealthy foods and trick us into thinking they are healthy. Counter
Arguments Solutions -Lower economic classes can afford healthy foods if they are educated on how and where to obtain them.

-The use of coupons, and simple food swaps can save families of lower economic classes money while still eating healthy. Example "Low-income groups in particular, have a greater tendency to consume unbalanced diets and have low intakes of fruit and vegetables (3)." (Food Today) -Switch Pizza Roles with Bagel Bites. You save 130 calories, 12g fat, 10g saturated fat. -Switch from getting canned fruit in syrup to in water and save over half of the sugar and a fourth of the calories per serving. More "Most obesity research scientists agree that the rising numbers of obese people is partially a result of major environmental changes that have occurred during the past few decades. Specifically, this includes the availability of food combined with a decrease in physical activity. As a result, many people consume more calories than they can burn, thereby gaining weight." "Obvious environmental changes have led people to think that a person's genetics have had little or nothing to do with the recent surge in obesity. Although it is unlikely that there has been a surge in the frequency of genes that predispose people to obesity, genetics does influence body weight. The ability to capture,circulate, and accumulate energy in the human body is so finely regulated that genetics must be involved." (MedTV) •Heart disease: 599,413
•Cancer: 567,628
•Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 137,353
•Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 128,842
•Accidents (unintentional injuries): 118,021
•Alzheimer's disease: 79,003
•Diabetes: 68,705
•Influenza and Pneumonia: 53,692
•Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis: 48,935
•Intentional self-harm (suicide): 36,909 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2011 Obesity is growing

We need to step up and work on the issue

Fast food is not to blame for the issue

Through food education healthier choices will be made and individuals will be at a healthier weight.

There will be a decrease in illness

Increase in life expectancy

Decrease in governmental funding for health care Effects: Works Cited http://www.cdc.gov/features/obesity/

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1119832/

http://nhlbisupport.com/bmi/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_mass_index Energy intake vs. energy usage (over eating)

Types of foods that are eaten

Eating habits

Metabolic Factors

Physical Activity

psychological factors

Environmental factors

hormonal factors

medications

genetics Genetics Although changes in the genetic makeup of populations occur too slowly to be responsible for this rapid rise in obesity, genes do play a role in the development of obesity. Most likely, genes regulate how our bodies capture, store, and release energy from food. The origin of these genes, however, might not be recent. -Genes do play a role in obesity

-Environmental Factors play more into obesity than genetics

-Genetics can not be the blame because there has been a huge rise in obesity over decades and genes cannot change that rapidly. 300 pounds Beware of believing you are in the clear of being obese if you do not weigh 300+ pounds.

Obesity is completely relative to your specific height and your age.

Know if you are overweight or obese so you can start to fix the issue before health problems start to damper your life. -Illness
-Premature death/decreased life expectancy
-Governmental Healthcare funding
-Happiness
-Death For:

-Providing unhealthy food choices
-Making the foods seem "healthier" than they really are Eating healthier will reduce illness and deaths With reduced illness there will be increased life span With reduced illness and less money will be spent on healthcare If we make healthier choices we will be healthier have less illness, greater life span, happier life time, and less money going towards medical bills and healthcare. Obesity is a growing issue that needs to be stopped

fast food is not to blame for the issue

food education can solve the issue Example In an experiment completed in Texas that proved education has a positive effect on eating habits.

Experiment:
-20 people order
-30 mintue education session
-they re-ordered
Conclusion: The foods after the education class where significantly healthier
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