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The Final Struggle : Seven Years War
Transcript of The Final Struggle : Seven Years War
The French wanted to colonize, and the English were interested in the money.
They both wanted control of the Atlantic Coast.
The French built Louisburg because they thought they needed more land to make money, but the English wanted it and Acadia for more fishing space.
They all thought there wasn't enough land for everyone, so they fought for a small piece of land. They kept fighting and fighting because they wanted power. They also wanted wealth. Before the Seven Years War :
The French Before the Seven Years War officially began, the French and English had each planned a way to try to out-control the other.
The French kept the majority of their soldiers in Europe because they only wanted a little amount of soldiers to fight in North America. This is because they thought if there would be more British soldiers in North America, then there would be less in Europe. With less French soldiers in North America, all of the French soldiers in Europe would take care of the small amount of British soldiers. Before the Seven Years War :
The English While the French had their plans, the English had plans as well.
Unlike the French, the English decided to send more soldiers over to North America. They sent about 7 or 8 times more soldiers than the French. Their plan was to attack on 3 fronts, which were Louisburg, the Ohio Valley, and Quebec. French supply ships had a route to get to Quebec and Montreal along the St. Lawrence River. The British knew that if they wanted to control Louisburg, they needed to somehow control the St. Lawrence River. The British needed to have control of Louisburg because they needed it to have control of the entrance to the St. Lawrence River. If they captured Louisburg successfully, they could sail down the river and attack Quebec.
So... they did.
In June 1758, they attacked Louisburg. They fought for about 60 days. The battle ended with the French surrending, and the British left most of the place destroyed. The Three -Pronged Attack :
2. The Capture of Ohio Valley The French had several fur forts in the area. The British needed control of them to lower the French people's control and influence. Unlike Louisburg, the French were a little more successful when the British attacked Ohio Valley. In August 1758, the British captured a French fort near Lake Ontario, and in November, the British captured another French fort in Ohio Valley. The French were left protecting Quebec, and since Louisburg was captured, the British could keep going down the river, and attack the remaining of the French land. By Kyle and Sonia What : Seven Years War Where : Places all around the world like North America and Europe When : Officially started in 1756 and ended in 1763 Why : War started in Europe, and the French and the British got involved and went against each other. They both wanted control of colonies in North America. The Three -Pronged Attack
1. The Capture of Louisburg The British Flag The Capture of Louisburg (1758) The Capture of Louisburg (1758) The Three Pronged Attack
3. The Capture of Quebec The French Flag One of their important generals was Montcalm. One of their important generals was Wolfe (The Battle on the Plains of Abraham) The French people's main power was Quebec. If the British successfully captured Quebec, the French wouldn't have anymore power in North America. The British waited until the spring of 1759 to attack. During the summer, the British sailed through the St. Lawrence River, and bombarded Quebec. Wolfe tried to capture Quebec for almost three months. The Battle on the Plains of Abraham On September 13, 1759, Montcalm found out that the British were planning a surprise attack on a poorly defended cliff on the Plains of Abraham. Montcalm decided to attack immediately with the little amount of men he had. The French had a disadvantage because they weren't used to fighting in an open field. When they were close enough, the British opened fire, and the battle was over in about 15 minutes. Wolfe and Montcalm both died from wounds, and the British had obtained all power from the French in North America. The British also captured Montreal in 1760. While doing this, they destroyed many of the homes of the local citizens in Quebec. The Capture of Ohio Valley (1758) The Capture of Quebec (1759) The Death of General Wolfe (1759) Resolution The British Military Rule War between the British and French ended in 1760, but other countries still continued until 1763. The British established a government in New France between 1760 and 1763 called the period of the British Military Rule. The people living in New France (Canadiens) hoped that the French would once again control New France. Although, the British thought the period of the British Military Rule didn't greatly change the daily life in New France. The Treaty of Paris The Treaty of Paris was a peace treaty concluding the Seven Years War in 1763. The French had to give anything they owned from New France and Acadia to the British, but they did get two small islands off the coast of Newfoundland. What Happened to Quebec In 1763, the British government created a royal proclamation stating what was going to happen with Quebec called the Proclamation of 1763. The British realized that the Natives were not happy because several people from the Thirteen Colonies were moving into their territories. If other traders and settlers were forbidden from the Native territories, they would be happy. The signing of the Treaty of Paris (1763) In 1774, the British government passed The Quebec Act to keep the loyalty of the Canadiens. The Quebec Act was an Act passed by the British government to strengthen the British Empire. This was to be done by letting the French do their way of things as well. Quebec was to be owned by both the British and the French. The Canadiens were people born in New France. They spoke French. Canadiens are different from Canadians because Canadiens speak French and Canadians speak English. The End Thanks for watching our prezi!