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Post-colonial literature K1

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Charles Harper

on 30 June 2015

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Transcript of Post-colonial literature K1

Post-colonial literature
Rhodesia (today Zimbabwe)
Doris Lessing was born here...
What else do you know about this country? What about the people? Politics? History? Culture?
Belgian Congo (today DRC)
Conrad spent time here in 1890
- Basis for "An outpost of progress"
- And his famous novel "Heart of Darkness"
(The force of circumstance)
Somerset Maugham traveled here a few times and drew inspiration for
"The force of circumstance"
Britain - throne of the empire

(Shooting an Elephant)
- Non-fiction
- Narrative includes a lot of reflection
- Inner conflict of the empire
- Orwell lived here from 1922 to 1927
Narrative techniques:
1 -Narrative P.O.V
2 -Paradox
3 -Foreshadowing
4 -Epiphany/ revelation
5 -Contrast/ Conflict of opinion
6 - Tone
Policeman becomes an instrument of imperial power
ambivalence between ‘the oppressed’ and ‘the aggressive’
Daily life in the colonies:
Nostalgia - remembering things (sometimes positive, sometimes not)
Clash of cultures/beliefs:
Colonizers vs. colonized
Who wins?
Burmese Conflict since 1949:
"January 2009 marked the 60th anniversary of a conflict in Burma (Myanmar) that has been going on almost unchecked by the international community"
Homework task:

Joseph Conrad (1857 - 1924)
George Orwell
Somerset Maugham
George Orwell fought in the Spanish civil war where he was wounded in the neck. Here he saw the horrors of war and came to hate tyranny (and communism).
Doris Lessing
Joseph Conrad was born here. At the time it was part of Russia. He then joined the French Merchant Navy, and eventually the British Merchant Navy.
South Africa
Conrad's biographical information:
Shooting an Elephant
The tiny country which colonised the massive Congo
Watch the instructional video which can be found Here:
Task 1: Use the editing link which I have given you to ADD INFORMATION about the stories to this map. You do NOT have to link the elements or change their order - just add your information (page references, opinions, ideas, background information, etc.).
If you have difficulties with this task, please ask a friend or myself for help. Look particularly at the NARRATIVE TECHNIQUES for the stories.
At the end of a post, write your name like this:
"- C.Harper"
"The force of circumstance"
Narrative techniques:
1 -Narrative P.O.V
2 -Paradox
3 -Foreshadowing
4 -Epiphany/ revelation
5 -Contrast/ Conflict of opinion
6 - Tone
Drives Guy into the arms of the native woman; Doris suffers from social isolation.
Of marriage because of Guy's former relationship with a native and Doris' inability to cope with his past - result of loneliness.
Daily life:
Better life than in England.
View of natives:
Stereotypical imperial mindset (supremacy of the white race, fear of contamination), physical presence without individualization
tropical wilderness represents a menace and a powerful attraction.
Clash of cultures:
Western lifestyle vs.
natives (racism, going

leads to moral and physical disintegration of Kayerts and Carlier...
Or does it? (What's your opinion?)
result of incompetence and loneliness.
Makola learns how to be ruthless from the colonisers.
Daily life of the colonists:
Extremely nostalgic. Bitter about the past and having to be at the outpost. Completely unequipped, psychologically and physically, to deal with the post.
View of native:
Variation of native types (Makola, Gobila, Gobila’s people, strangers,
station men), but always less-than-human descriptions.

Jungle seen as an impenetrable wall behind which lurks the unknown and a sense of evil.
Clash of cultures/beliefs:
Progress & civilization vs. wilderness (failure of the corrupt colonizers)
Task 2: What do you know about Zimbabwe? (post it somewhere on the map of Zimbabwe)
What can you find out about the English and the Afrikaners in old Rhodesia? (Post your text/images/audio/video on the map)
SHRINK YOUR POSTS! They should be as small as possible so that everything fits in.
Maugham was born in here, but his parents both died before he was 10 years old, leaving him an orphan. He then moved to England.
Don't click on the numbers in the black circles - those are the paths. I'll update those after you have added your information.
"Schatten über dem Kongo" Documentary. (German - In case you did not fully understand the English one)
WARNING: 90 minutes long and very graphic!
"Congo - The Brutal History"
Short (9 min) documentary.
What do you think of the situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo today?
"An outpost of progress" - Joseph Conrad
"White King, Red Rubber, Black Death"
Full-length documentary (90 min) in English.
"Pt 1. One-on-one with Farish Noor"
A brief look into Malaysian society and politics. (colonialism and modern)
Note: some difficult jargon.
Can you spot some differences between the opinions in the two videos?
"English in Post colonial Malaysia" (12 min)
Add ideas/thoughts as you go along! :)
You could even add your ideas out here...
Or out here...
Or even out here...
Or you could add your ideas all the way in here...
But I would prefer it if you didn't, because they would be quite hard to find.

If you want to take a look at Zimbabwe today:
The 2nd Anglo-Boer War: 1899 - 1902:

British troops: 500,000
Afrikaner troops: 88,000
British killed: 7,900 ca.
British died of disease: 13,250
Afrikaners killed: 4000
Afrikaner civilian deaths in concentration camps: 28,000 ca.
Deaths of black people: unknown.

How do you think this might have affected relationships between English people and Afrikaans people?
What about black people? Where do they fit in?
Full transcript