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Folk and Pop Culture/Language Exam Review

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Chris Kapuscik

on 11 December 2013

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Transcript of Folk and Pop Culture/Language Exam Review

Chapter 4 & 5 Exam
Folk Culture and Popular Culture
1) In which of the following countries is one most likely to find speakers whose native language belongs to the Uralic language family?
Kazakhstan's native language, Kazakh belongs to the Uralic language family
Afro Asiatic - Libya
Sino-Tibetan - Cambodia
Indo-European Portugal and Germany
2. Compared to popular cultures, folk cultures are
Folk cultures are more homogenous than popular culture because they belong to smaller groups of individuals who share a common environment, history, and values
Homogenous - of the same kind/alike
3. A dialect is best classified as which of the following?
By process of elimination, a dialect can neither be a language family, branch, or group.

A dialect is a trait of one language in specific regions (cultural trait)
4. A new fashion trend originating in New York City that diffuses to Los Angeles, Paris, and Tokyo before reaching rural areas of New York state would be an example of which of the following diffusion?
Hierarchical diffusion because a trend that diffuses to major nodes before diffusing to smaller nodes regardless of their distances to the point of origin is an example of hierarchical diffusion.

In this case, a new fashion trend diffuses to other world cities more quickly than it does to less urbanized areas.

Not relocation because a fashion trend does not migrate
5. An immigrant who selectively adopts certain customs of the dominant host society in order to advance socioeconomically, while still retaining much of his or her native customs, practices, and beliefs, best illustrates the concept of
Assimilation implies a process that culminates in the full adoption of the dominant host society's customs

Acculturation implies a more selective and less complete process of adjustment in which one's native culture does not become fully displaced by the host culture.
The first “choice” was for a tribe to assimilate into the dominant American culture, become "civilized," give up tribal ways and be absorbed into America society. Many tribes tried this, many times through history.

Education was the tool for assimilation in the boarding school experience.

The government push to assimilate native tribes continued through the 1950s Urban Relocation Program.
6. A highly simplified language developed between linguistically heterogeneous groups for the purposes of basic intergroup communication is known as which of the following?
Pidgin is a simplified language that develops as a means of communication between two or more groups that do not have a language in common. It is most commonly employed in situations such as trade, or where both groups speak languages different from the language of the country
7. All of the following belong to the Indo-European language family EXCEPT
Mandarin - Sino-Tibetan
Hindi, Bengali, Farsi, and Dutch = Indo-European
8. The predominance of English as the preferred language spoken at many international business meetings and political summits could be cited to support the claim that English is a popular...
Lingua Franca = An established language adopted by speakers in a particular place or context in order to facilitate communication among a linguistically diverse group
9. Functional culture region
10. Afro-Asiatic - Spans most of northern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula
11. Protolanguage can be thought of as a common ancestral tongue for a particular language sub famly (Latin is a protolanguage for which sub-family?)
12. Germanic
13. In which of the following countries is one most likely to encounter speakers whose native tongue belongs to the Saharan language family?
Corresponds to the Sahara desert region of north-central Africa (Chad)
14. Hearth
15. Sino-Tibetan and Indo-European
16. Black Sea
17. Linguistic fragmetation
18. In contrast to societies that are strongly influenced by popular culture, folk societies are
More limited in their building materials based on environment
19. Southern United States
20. Isoglosses mark the limits for an area in which particular words are used
21. Cultural Transmission
22.
23.
Relocation diffusion (colonization, trade, migration)
24. Japan
25.
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