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The Medieval Time Period
Transcript of The Medieval Time Period
Early - Monophonic (one melody; no accompaniment)
Later - Polyphonic (two or more melodic lines heard simultaneously)
Chants were written usually for male monks.
Plainsong Chants were musical prayers.
Lived from 1098 to 1179
She was the 10th child of a nobleman and noblewoman. Tradition required that the 10th child be dedicated to the church.
At the age of 8, she was sent to a convent which was part of a monastery, then became a nun at the age of 15.
At the age of 38, she became the Mother Superior of the order. Over the years, many important and powerful men consulted her for advice on personal and religious matters.
She wrote poems and set at least 77 of them to music.
Music of the time consisted of chants, which were sung by male monks. But Hildegard composed her music to be sung by the nuns of the order (nobody else of this period wrote for female voices.)
Her music is known as plainsong chant, a type of music sung in churches during the Middle Ages. They were unique because they were written for female voices.
Hildegard claimed her music came to her in visions.
She was an expert on herbs and their healing properties and was sought for her advice.
Serving God was her most important duty, and one of the best ways to do so was through composing music.
A chant is vocal music sung without any accompaniment. This song is a section of the Roman Catholic mass.
Another Chant from the Medieval period - Benedicamus Patrem ("Bless the Father")
The focal point of social life in this era is the church.
Neumes - dots representing
the movement of the notes.
Most Medieval music was VOCAL:
1) SACRED music was performed in the church and was more FORMAL.
2) SECULAR music was performed outside the church.
Common stringed instruments during the Medieval period:
- small HARPS
- LUTES (like today's guitar)
- VIOLS (like today's violin)
Percussion instruments include drums, cymbals and bells.
Wind instruments included the
FLUTE and BAGPIPE.
Goal: View and experience the evolution of music from the earliest times to today
Watch this clip of songs!
Notice HOW the music evolves.
Here's one more example of the evolution of music performed by one group, so it gives a little different perspective. Again, notice HOW the music changes!
Discussion: Identify one observation
about the progression of music just viewed.
Let's start by exploring