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Transcript of Santiago's Journey
Santiago is introduced to the reader as a sheep shepard in the region of Andalusia. His family wanted him to become a priest, but he wanted to travel the world. As he is having a discussion with his father, he explains, "But I'd like to see the castles in the towns where they live..."(p. 9), talking about the people who travel to Andalusia.
Introduction/The Old World
Santiago was called to his adventure when he found out about the treasure, essentially through his dreams. He met with a gypsy to have her interpret his dreams: "You came so that you could learn about your dreams", said the old woman. "And
dreams are the language of God
."...(p.12) This is a metaphor because it is implying that dreams are God's language-It is drawing a comparison without using "like" or "as". This part of the hero's journey also shows an important theme in "
The theme of dreams
is what guides Santiago's path, and he must follow that path, for it is chosen for him.
Call to Adventure
At this point, Santiago has second thoughts on his adventure. He is in Africa and gets beat up and robbed. ..."But now I'm sad and alone.
I am going to become bitter and distrustful of people because one person betrayed me
." (p.39) This is a example of a hyperbole-he is being extremely exaggerated in thinking just because he was betrayed once, he will turn bitter towards all of mankind. He wants to go back home to Spain, because of it's familiarity and safety. Now, he is fearful of failing and not achieving his dream.
This is another theme
that runs through
-fear of physical harm and fear of failure, but Santiago needs to overcome his fear, in order to be successful.
Refusal of the Call
Santiago sells his flock of sheep and takes a ship to Africa, ditching everything and leaving it behind for his dream. Many people had been telling him to believe that a path was reserved for him. Even the crystal merchant he worked for told him "...
Because life wants you to achieve your Personal Legend
" (p.52) This is an example of personification- attaching the human trait of "wanting" to something like life, that cannot want something.
Crossing the Threshold
Meeting the Goddess
As Santiago meets the alchemist, he is also forming a relationship with Fatima who encourages his dream, and is one of the people who don't tell him he's crazy. She wants him to make his dream come true - she loves him unconditionally. "
When you are loved
, you can do anything in creation.
When you are loved
, there's no need at all to understand what's happening, because everything happens within you, and even men can turn themselves into the wind." (p.147) This is an example of an anaphora- the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses.
The Ultimate Boon
Santiago is thankful for getting help from the alchemist because he helped him fulfill his dreams and also find the treasure. He showed him that if you try hard enough, you will get what you want. “And, when you want something, all the universe conspires in helping you to achieve it.” (p.141)
Rescue from Without
Santiago makes his way back with help from the alchemist. "No matter what he does, every person on earth plays a central role in the history of the world And normally he doesn't know it." (p. 159). The alchemist leads Santiago to the knowledge that he can take his lessons from his quest back to his original world.
Mastery of Two Worlds
The Belly of the Whale
In this part of the hero's journey, Santiago experiences the dark night of the soul as he travels across the dessert and almost gives up. He still has a long way to get to the pyramids, and is trying to understand his own way of learning. But he finally reaches the oasis. "
Although the vision of date palms would someday be just a memory, right now it signified shade, water, and a refuge from the war
." (p.86) This is an example of symbolism- a palm tree symbolizing refuge and protection for a young boy.
Santiago started off in his home land, but wanted to make his dream of traveling come true. So once he moved to Egypt, he found a beautiful girl, and found out that this was the place for him. Or was it? He awoke with a kiss and responded "I'm coming, Fatima" (p. 167) This ending remained open-ended, but shows Santiago will continue his Personal Legend whether in travel or at home.
Part I: Separation
Part II: Initiation
Part III: The Return