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9th grade Unit 1 Notes
Transcript of 9th grade Unit 1 Notes
The Psychological Function Guide the individual through the stages of life
Most ancient cultures used rites of passage as a youth passed to the adult stage The Four Functions of Myth:
The Sociological Function Validate and support the existing social order
Ancient societies had to conform to an existing social order, or they would die.
Mythology confirmed that order and enforced it by reflecting it into the stories themselves, often describing how the order arrived from divine intervention.
Example: Many monarchs were considered to be ordained by a higher power, if not part god themselves. The Four Functions of Myth:
The Cosmological Function Explain the shape of the universe
Explain the unexplainable:
How was the world created?
What are all the shiny things in the sky?
Why do the seasons change?
What happens when we die? What is the Heroic Cycle? The pattern that all hero stories follow.
Joseph Campbell outlined 17 steps in the cycle, we will simplify and show 11 steps.
http://orias.berkeley.edu/hero/ What is Monomyth? The idea that heroic myths from all human cultures follow the same pattern, known as the Heroic Cycle. The Hero
With a Thousand Faces Joseph Campbell’s Theory of Monomyth
and the Heroic Cycle The Four Functions of Myth:
The Metaphysical Function Awakening a sense of awe before the mystery of being
In other words, myths allow us to move beyond reason so that we can experience a greater religious or spiritual connection to the world around us. Who was Joseph Campbell? American mythologist, writer and lecturer
Best known for his book The Hero with a Thousand Faces, which created the term Monomyth and outlined the Heroic Cycle.
Explained the Functions of Myth
Explained the Evolution of Myth What makes a hero story? 1st Period Brainstorm What makes a hero? 6th Period Brainstorm Brave
Calm under pressure
Dead loved one
Born with special abilities
Special birth Love interest
World in chaos
Sidekicks (goofy, helpful)
Transfer of powers
Lover in distress
People to save
Hero loses faith
Journey 6th Period Brainstorm What makes a hero story? Stands out from the crowd
Above avg. mental & physical ability
Doing what's right when others don't
Born with certain gifts
Something happens that changes their lives
Not afraid of heights
Sense of justice
Kill someone at birth with bare hands
Mask and suit
Secret ID On Earth
Lover in distress
Battle with Villain
Method of power (radiation, magic, etc.)
Rich or powerful politically
Go to school
Everyday lifestyle at beginning
Mentor who takes them to a new place
Defeat before major battle
Home gets destroyed
JOURNEY Athena (Wisdom), Hera (Queen of the Gods), and Aphrodite (love) fight over a golden apple.
They ask Paris, Prince of Troy, to decide who gets the Golden Apple.
The reward backfires...
A thousand ships are launched, many people die, many heroes are made.
Never look a gift horse in the mouth...
Odysseus attempts to return home, takes his sweet time doing so. The Trojan War:
Much Ado About an Apple Literary Terms Hubris: Overbearing pride
Frame Narrative: A story within a story, i.e. Odysseus is telling his story at a dinner party
Characterization: The means by which the author describes and develops the character
Direct: The author telling the reader about the character
Epithet: A descriptive nickname (Brave Odysseus, Grey-Eyed Athena)
Indirect: The author showing the reader what the character is like Journals for Unit 1 1. In a well-thought out essay (i.e. organized), compare and contrast Odysseus' description of his encounter with the Sirens to Margaret Atwood's poem Siren Song. Why do you think she wrote her poem from this perspective? What point is she trying to make?
2. Using the brainstorm done in class, choose a character other than Odysseus and Penelope and re-tell part of The Odyssey from their perspective. Should be first person. Imagery:
"the rich, red soup" pg. 24
"brown tall bush" pg. 19
"It's like moist black velvet" pg.19
"Giant rocks with razor edges crouch" pg. 28
"like moist black velvelt" pg. 19
"Pajamas of the softest silk" pg. 29
"the softnest of the earth" pg. 33
"the blood-warm waters" pg. 21
"a high screaming sound, the sound of an animal in anguish" pg.21
"faint report of a pistol" pg. 30
"the muffled throb of the engine" 20
"the muttering and growling of the sea" 21
"the rich red soup" pg 24
"He ate a particularly well-cooked filet mignon" 24
"the night breeze brought him the perfume of the general's cigarette" 34
"gave off a smell like incense" pg. 25
Most Dangerous Game