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Argos, Greece

An informative prezi on Argos, a city-state in Ancient Greece
by

Simran Dhillon

on 6 December 2012

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Transcript of Argos, Greece

Argos By: Simran Dhillon Farming was difficult in Argos, like most of Greece the soil was infertile. Some farmers tried very hard to farm and at times did succeed growing the main crops in Argos, which were: vegetables, tobacco, wheat and corn. Other crops grown around Greece were barley, olives and grapes. Barley was used to make porridge and ground into flour to make bread. Grapes were normally crushed to make wine, eaten fresh or dried to make raisins. Due to the poor soil most of the food was imported from all over the Mediterranean (Italy, Sicily, Cyrene, Egypt, India, Phoenicia and other Greek city-states). Farming Arts and Crafts from Argos were known all over Greece for their intricate detail and amazing sculptures. Numerous amounts of pots and sculptures have been uncovered from the ruins of Argos. Theater was also very big in Argos. The most famous monuments in all of Argos are the two massive theaters. The Odeon and the Hellenistic. The Hellenistic Theater was built approximately in 320 BC and can seat between 16-20 000 people! The archeological museum of Argos also has many mosaics, sculptures and countless amounts of pottery uncovered on archeological digs. Arts and Crafts Ancient Greek lifestyle was not very equal for men and women. Men normally discussed politics and went to the theater for entertainment. If they weren't doing this they might have been training for the military or even the Olympics. Women were always at home cooking, weaving, taking care of the children and teaching the daughters these skills. Women were rarely allowed out of the house let alone able to get involved in politics, the only time a woman was allowed out of the home was on a special occasion. Lifestyle Hera was the patron goddess of Argos. She was known as the goddess of marriage and birth. Also the queen of the gods she was one of the six children of Kronos and Rhea. After the great war with the Titans she married Zeus and had three children, Hephaestus: god of the blacksmiths, Ares: the god of war and Hebe: goddess of youth. The city Argos is named after Hera's watchman, Argus, who was slain by Hermes. (details in myths) The State's Goddess Trade In Ancient Argos, the purpose of education was to produce citizens trained in the arts, and to prepare citizens for both peace and war. Until age 6 or so, boys were taught at home by their mother or by a male slave. From age 6 to 14, boys went to a neighborhood primary school or to private school. Books were very expensive and rare, so subjects were read out-loud, and the boys had to memorize everything. To help them learn, they used writing tablets and rulers. In primary school, they had to learn two important things-the words of Homer, a famous Greek epic poet, and how to play the lyre. Their teacher, who was always a man, could choose what additional subjects he wanted to teach. He might choose to teach drama, public speaking, government, art, reading, writing, math, and how to play another ancient Greek instrument- the flute. Following that, boys attended a higher school for four more years. When they turned 18, they entered military school for two additional years. At age 20, they graduated. Girls were not educated at school, but many learned to read and write at home in the comfort of their courtyard. Education Argos traded extensively with the other city-states. The leading crops grown in Argos were vegetables, tobacco, wheat and corn. These crops were traded to Corinth, for more crops that could support the Argos population. The economy of Argos was probably the most advanced of its time. In place of using barter to exchange goods, the Argives used coins crafted of silver. These coins were supported by the government, and helped foster a thriving marketplace in Argos. Woman's life/rights Since the ancient time, the role of women in Greece has been differentiated by class. Just before the end of World War II, most Greek people made their living either from agriculture or fishing. Most commonly, these activities were passed down from one generation to another, and it was the men of Greece who were responsible of passing down their traditions. Unfortunately, their common view about women was that they were too vulnerable and weak. Women were allowed to exercise authority over others, but only to a very limited extent; very informally, and in only very specific parts of her social acquaintance such as her extended family. Women had no political power in Argos. They had required tasks of burying dead children, taking care of the household and for her husband, and bearing more children. This was not uncommon throughout Greece, but things were perceived to be a little worse for the women of Argos. I think Argos is the best city-state in all of Greece because along with being one of the oldest cities (as Argos is the second most archaic city in all of Greece), Argos is also famous for it's stunning artwork and magnificent theaters. Argos was also credited to have invented coinage! Without Argos we would not have the current monetary system that exists with money. The End http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Life/ http://greece.mrdonn.org/argos.html http://www.sikyon.com/Argos/history_eg.html http://www.pantheon.org/articles/h/hera.html http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/grecoromanmyth1/g/hera.htm Ms. McKnight's booklet Bibliography What is Argos? Argos is an ancient Greek city in the Northeastern Peloponnese.
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