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Transcript of Child Labour
Each Child's Individual... - Health and Safety
- Economical Rights History Of Child Labour In the late 1700's and early 1800's, power-driven machines replaced hand labor for the making of most manufactured items. Factories began to spring up everywhere, first in England and then in the United States. The owners of these factories found a new source of labor to run their machines — children. Operating the power-driven machines did not require adult strength, and children could be hired more cheaply than adults. During the World Wars, many children would work in factories to support their families, and contribute whatever they could to the war efforts, while their fathers were fighting for their countries. Many processes involving intricate work, such as watch making, would require children to piece together tiny components because of their small and agile hands. KANTIAN PERSPECTIVE As Long as the employer respects the child not only as a means, but each child's end, child labour can be ethical Utilitarian Perspective Child labor is ethical because it assists the impoverished family of the child in question and contributes to boosting the economy of the location where said child is working HOWEVER... Because the majority of working children miss out on an education, the long-term effects of child labour could contribute to the Poverty Cycle, ultimate hurting more people than helping, providing an alternate Utilitarian perspective of child labour being unethical Since the children are so young, the lack of education makes them unable to survive in the world when their employers are done with them.
Because they are young, they do jobs that are less dangerous but still significantly harsh and unfair. These jobs consist of: sweatshops agricultural works, etc.
Also, these children are worked day and night with little food and money. Also, the younger children's growth development gets affected and harms them both mentally and physically from dangerous environments they are put in.
Worldwide, more than half of children, and 1/3 of 5-14 year olds, are working in hazardous work zones. Another reason child labour is immoral, is that many children are sold. The worst types of child labour are prostitution, drug trafficking, and slavery. Trafficking is a growing enterprise in the world, mostly the women and girls. The UN estimates, about 2 million women and girls are taken from their homelands into other countries under false pretenses for forced labour, domestic servitude or sexual exploitation. There are also some cases where the children are used in army conflicts, forced labour, and debt bondage (to pay off debts incurred by parents or grandparents) as well as illicit activites; ie. drug trafficking and organized begging. "The result of lack of safety and health protection can often be more devastating and lasting for them. It can result in more fatal and non-fatal accidents, permanent disabilities/ill health, and psychological/behavioural/emoitional damage." (From the ILO; international labour organization) Asia and the Pacific region harbors the largest number of child workers in the 5-14 age group: total 127.3 million. “In regard to children, great care should be taken not to place them in workshops and factories until their bodies and minds are sufficiently developed. For, just as very rough weather destroys the buds of spring, so does too early an experience of life's hard toil blight the young promise of a child's faculties, and render any true education impossible”.  (Pope Leo XIII) Case Study Stimbuu's father passed away when he was just 14 years old.
Stimbuu's mother could not care for Stimbuu and his two brothers.
In order to help his mother, Stimbuu was given a job at a local tea plantation.
Stimbuu's family can now afford to send his brother's to school What Do You Think? Do the positives out-way the negatives?