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Attributes of Learning and Performance

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Stacy Petty

on 4 November 2015

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Transcript of Attributes of Learning and Performance

Attributes of Learning and Performance
Developing Reading Skills
Reading Fluency
5th Grade Reading Fluency
Kindergarten Skills

Letter knowledge
- Understanding that each letter is different and has its own name and sound

Phonological awareness
- Ability to hear and work with the sounds that are within words.

Print awareness
- Experience different types of print; knowledge of how to handle books and follow words from left to right across a page.

Vocabulary development
- Knowing the names of things.

Narrative skills
- The ability to tell stories and describe things.

Print motivation
- Showing an interest in books and how to read them.

Second Grade Skills
In second grade, students continue developing decoding and fluency and use reading comprehension skills to build a knowledge bank: with every poem, story, passage, or book read, there's a main point, message, or key fact that students learns, relates to their life, experiences, and prior knowledge, and "banks" for future use.

Along with handling more challenging texts, second graders figure out more challenging words and their meaning within a passage. They'll rely on skills they began developing in kindergarten and first grade to do this, including using prefixes as clues, using known words to predict the meaning of new compound words and using the rest of the sentence to figure out what a new word means.

Second graders will also begin grasping the nuance of language so they can, say, distinguish shades of meaning between closely related verbs and adjectives. The more words acquired, the easier it becomes to use the clues in a text to learn new words.
First Grade Skills
Print concepts:

Recognizing and understanding parts and features of a sentence. (Capitalization, punctuation marks, etc.)
Identifying and spelling two letters that make one sound (digraphs).
Reading longer words by breaking them into syllables.
Reading high frequency words for their grade level.
Understanding the different between non- fiction and fiction stories.
Identifying the characters, setting, main ideas, and plot within stories.
Comparing different stories.
Understanding the common features within a book and its purpose. (table of contents, heading, etc.)
Third Grade Skills
Reading skills are getting stronger.
Building decoding and fluency skills
Learning to go deeper into the meaning of what they read. Students read new and challenging books, poetry, articles, and even online research with less assistance from adults than ever before.
Greater understanding of text
Ability to read text aloud smoothly and with expression
Ability to distinguish narrator's, character's, and personal point of view
Ability to identify sequences of historical events
Understanding of cause and effect
Ability to compare the book's main points with those from another reading .
by Traci Baumgartner,
Heidy Estrada,
Nina Kick,
Brittany Nieman,
and Stacy Petty

Reading: Fluency and Comprehension Skills - K-5
Fifth Grade Skills
Fourth Grade Skills

Ackerman, S. (2015, January 1). The Guide To 1st Grade. Retrieved from http://www.scholastic.com/parents/resources/collection/what-to-expect-grade/guide-to-1st-grade

(2013). Core Knowledge Sequence: Content and Skill Guidelines for Grades K-8. (9th ed.) p125-128. Charlottesville, VA. Core Knowledge Foundation. http://www.coreknowledge.org/mimik/mimik_uploads/documents/480/CKFSequence_Rev.pdf

Great Schools (2013). Your second grader's reading under the Common Core Standards. Retrieved from http://www.greatschools.org/students/academic-skills/235-second-grade-reading.gs.

Great Schools (2013). Your third grader's reading under the Common Core Standards. Retrieved from http://www.greatschools.org/students/academic-skills/236-third-grade-reading.gs

Hollowell, K. (2015, January 1). List of Reading Strategies Taught in Kindergarten. Retrieved from http://everydaylife.globalpost.com/list-reading-strategies-taught-kindergarten-4951.html

Kelmon, J & Crawford, L. (n.d.) Your Fourth Grader’s Reading Under the Common Core Standards. Great Schools. Retrieved from http://www.greatschools.org/students/academic-skills/320-fourth-grade-reading.gs

Kindergarten Skills Checklist. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.leapfrog.com/en-us/learning-path/articles/kindergarten-skills-checklist.html


Kindergarten Skills Cont'd
Recognizing rhyming words
Recognizing common words that appear in books.
Ability to describe characters, events, and feelings in a story
Ability to relate a story that is read to personal experiences they may have had in their life.
Ability to recognize uppercase and lowercase letters and letter sounds.
Ability to sequence events that occur within a story.
Knowledge of segmenting sounds and blending sounds
Shared reading
- helps to improve reading fluency and learn concepts of print.
Echo reading
- allows students to listen to a sentence that is read and repeat the sentence while the teacher points to the words. This can help to strengthen student’s recognition of high frequency words.
Guided reading
- helps to reinforce decoding of words and comprehension skills. During Guided reading a teacher has students read the same book in a small group that are level in complexity and align with their level of reading. This allows all students to have an opportunity to feel successful in their reading.

Kindergarten Skills Cont'd
Building and strengthening reading skills and practicing reading are crucial for a 1st grader's learning. The reading practice that students receive from reading as they learn other subjects is crucial for making first graders strong readers. In first grade the students develop skills in reading comprehension. They receive added opportunities to talk more about their reading to acquire a deeper understanding of what they read.
Phonics and Word Recognition:

Understanding of spoken words, sounds, and syllables.
Identifying long and short vowel sounds in words.
Blending sounds of single syllable words and producing words.
Applying grade-level phonics and words analysis skills when decoding words.
Understanding the spelling and sounds of commonly used consonant digraphs.
Understanding of when long vowel sounds appear in words.


Read with enough accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
Read and understand grade level text.
Read grade level text orally with accuracy at a sufficient rate.
The foundational skills, knowledge, and abilities that is necessary to develop reading skills.
Reading skills necessary to build in first grade:
First Grade Skills Cont'd
Fluency and the act of Reading:
Use phonemic awareness skills already learned to read and infer meaning (examples: compound words and understanding how the two parts make a new whole, using and understanding morphology (roots, suffixes and prefixes and how they change meaning), and decoding multi-syllabic words)
Read with accuracy and expression.

Determine a main point, combine it with prior knowledge, and use it to apply to another text, question or piece of information
Compare and contrast two texts using theme, characters, points of view and text features
Using information from multiple sources to show evidence of certain information
Be able to identify and explain how different kinds of texts are structured (fiction, nonfiction, poetry, etc).
Summarizing main ideas and supporting details.
Pointing out the evidence in understanding author’s purpose for writing.
Giving in-depth descriptions of characters, setting, problem, solution, plot and events in a story.
Explaining events, procedures, or a timeline of events based on text information.
Interpreting information from charts, images, videos, time lines, and diagrams and explaining how it fits with the information in a text.

Foundational Skills, Knowledge, and Abilities Necessary to Develop Reading Skills
Other Important Early literacy/ reading skills:
Before a child can read they must be able to decode.
Context clues- helps students understand what they are reading. Teachers can show students how to use this strategy.
Types of Classroom Reading:
Developing Decoding, Fluency, and Reading Comprehension
Delving Deeper: Discovering Meaning in Reading
Recognize and use a richer and more academic vocabulary
Rely on clues within the text to decode meaning and learn to self-correct.
Learn how to distinguish between literal and nonliteral meanings of words and phrases and distinguish shades of meaning among related words.
Continue building vocabulary skills:
using base words as clues to the meaning of unfamiliar word
determining the meaning of a new word created when an affix is added to the beginning or end of a known word.
Improving Decoding and Fluency Skills: Demands of Fiction and Nonfiction
Achieving Progress: Writing, Grammar, Fiction, Drama, and Poetry
Strengthen their comprehension of grammar and vocabulary skills to further support their own writings.
Write works such as writing to an audience, book reports, letters, descriptive essays, expository writings, stories, and poems and be able to find examples as evidence from these works.
Practice and achieve effective sentence writing that builds abilities to complete a coherent, organized, effect paragraphs for reports or essays.
Learn how to use resources (dictionaries, atlas, interview, etc.), edit and revise a report, and to express their main idea with supporting examples.
Expansion of knowledge of proper sentence structure, punctuation, and parts of speech, strengthen vocabulary skills in association with prefixes and suffixes.
Build their writing abilities with comprehending characteristics of grammar concerning fragments, pronouns, and underline or italics book titles and identify poetry examples of onomatopoeia, alliteration, simile and metaphors.
At the 5th grade reading level students’ abilities, skills, and knowledge shall grow to achieve progress in the areas of writing, grammar, fiction, drama, and poetry. Students present skills as fluent and independent readers with a various books from nonfiction to history books, to biographies, science, music or art books. Students can begin reading classic works such as
The Secret Garden
, or
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
. Fifth graders are introduced to drama works as
A Midsummer Night’s Dream
and learn terms associated with drama works. Students will be exposed to myths, legends, sayings and phrases (to sit on the fence, etc.), speeches (
The Gettysburg Address
), and literacy terms to support their understanding of the written the works being taught.
The focus on writing grammar, poetry, fiction and drama impacts the students knowledge, skills, and abilities in each areas as it intertwines and student’s increase their practices of more context readings and writing skills towards achieving understanding in each reading and language art content areas. (2013.
Core Knowledge Sequence: Content and Skill Guidelines for Grades K-8
Fifth Grade Skills Cont'd
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