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Computer Ethics

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Zuzia Kusznir

on 4 March 2013

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Transcript of Computer Ethics

Information Ethics and
the Library Profession CORE VALUES OF LIBRARIANSHIP CHILDREN’S ACCESS TO INFORMATION Sumerians - 4000 - 2000 yrs BC ETHICAL ISSUES Core values of library profession Classification and labeling Children's access to information GORMAN stewardship service intellectual freedom rationalism literacy and learning equity of access to recorded knowledge privacy RANGANATHAN 1. Books are for use 2. Every person his or her book 3. Every book its reader 4. Save the time of the reader 5. The library is a growing organism "FIVE LAWS OF LIBRARY SCIENCE" LIBRARIAN Filter interposed between people
and torrent of books Evaluating, selecting and organizing information so as to provide access to quality information One of main goals of profession INTELLECTUAL FREEDOM The right of every individual to both seek and receive information from all points of view without restriction. It provides free access to all expressions of ideas through which any and all sides of a question, cause, or movement may be explored. The American Library Association
Office of Intellectual Freedom Kenneth Himma “Most people in the democratic society are in favour of some content-based censorship (...)" CLASSIFICATION AND LABELING How should a librarian select the information to stay objective? NO BIAS ALLOWED FULL OBJECTIVITY Librarians must not be subjective about their choices, but should follow the rule of “information quality” and select only the so-called “good stuff". BALANCE CONCEPT OF NEUTRALITY Are there any rules for sorting and which of them are appropriate when others are not? “Viewpoint-
aids” 1966 Library of Congress Subject Headings "Negro criminals" "Jewish criminals" "American criminals" "Australian criminals" "Russian criminals" LABELING PROS CONS may be subjective and have influence on patron’s perception of a work could eliminate out-of date materials from libraries “Protecting children from indecency is more
important than freedom of speech.” "Librarians and governing bodies should maintain that parents—and only parents—have the right and the responsibility to restrict the access of their children—and only their children—to library resources. Parents who do not want their children to have access to certain library services, materials, or facilities should so advise their children. Librarians and library governing bodies cannot assume the role of parents or the functions of parental authority in the private relationship between parent and child."
(American Librarian Association, 2004) Arguments against children having
equivalent intelligence freedom as adults they have a special need to be protected even from their own choices
children’s abilities to independent self-decision making are much less than compared with adults
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