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Gender Inequality in Education in Ecuador

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Megan Brabec

on 23 April 2013

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Transcript of Gender Inequality in Education in Ecuador

Questions? Societal Constraints Conclusion Education does not benefit girls as much as boys in Ecuador Global Context Future Action Structural Adjustment Policies Machismo is present throughout
the diverse population Machismo Gender Inequality in Education in Ecuador Hypothesis Inequality has been redefined over time What causes gender inequality
in education in Ecuador? -In the past, girls weren't permitted to attend school as long as boys

-Nowadays, girls typically complete high school and go to college at the same rate as boys

-However, the quality of education is lower as seen in employment rates of men versus women The women at Mujeres de Frente had experienced a different type of education inequality based on shorter time in school due to economic factors. Gender inequality in education is caused by social constraints faced by women

-Social constraints come in the form of "machismo" and unequal opportunities post-graduation -Society puts priority on male dominance

-President Rafael Correa is often quoted making sexist remarks about women in politics

-Pancho Jaime's political cartoons exemplify machismo in Ecuadorian culture Domestic and Sexual
Violence Against Women -The indigenous Runa people placed more importance on men than women even before Evangelical Christians redefined their culture - now, they place men in even higher esteem than women

-Afro-Ecuadorian women are hypersexualized in this culture and taken even less seriously than white, mestizo, or indigenous women -In the 1980s, girls faced a different type of inequality
-Economic crisis led Latin American countries to borrow loans from Bretton Woods institutions, on the condition that they implement SAPs
-Austerity measures mostly affect low-income families
-Within these families, women bear the weight of the struggle
-Girls marry younger
-Mothers raise children, work in informal sector,
and build communities - 47.1% of women work outside the home, as opposed to 77.7% of the male population

-Women are paid 61% of what men are paid

-Women are objectified throughout the country - education does not result in them being respected in society Throughout the world, girls receive substandard education in comparison to boys. Even in the United States, girls do not get called on as often in class as boys. This presentation is only one example of how a society discriminates against women and how that affects their life overall. Ecuador's 2008 constitution does prohibit discrimination on the basis of gender, but President Correa does not respect many aspects of the constitution.

-More women need to work in government to represent this marginalized voice

-There must be protection for women from sexual violence

-There must be a cultural shift that does not view girls as an "other" identity but rather as central to the economic and social well-being of the country Megan Brabec -68,184 cases of reported abuse in 2006
1,452 cases of rape, 586 led to people being charged
-In Cuenca, there are approximately 40 cases of rape reported daily
-In cases of statutory rape, the rapist may cancel charges by marrying the victim
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