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Air Pollution in China

An interdisciplinary approach to understanding the challenges and opportunities associated with air pollution control in China
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on 10 December 2014

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Transcript of Air Pollution in China

CAN IT BE CONTROLLED?
The Challenges and Opportunities Facing the Control of Air Pollution In China
Presentation Flow
The Overarching Theme of Scale
Policy Suggestions
International vs. National
Background
1978: Reform and Opening Policy: Economic Shifts
Globalization
Transnationalism
Cosmopolitanism
1978: Reform and Opening Policy: Cultural Shifts
Collectivism Individualism
Types of Pollutants
Carbon Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Particulate Matter
Global Interactions
CHALLENGES
Supremacy of Economic Growth
Tensions on an international scale
Global misconceptions
Economic transition to globalization
Foreign Direct Investment = Advanced Technology
OPPORTUNITIES
State of the Nation
CHALLENGES
EKC and aggregate pollution measures
Gaming in air pollution data
Fragmented Authoritarianism Model
OPPORTUNITIES
Willingness to change
Cost of inaction
Urban Air Pollution
CHALLENGES
OPPORTUNITIES
Government responds to public opinion
Rural Air Pollution
CHALLENGES
OPPORTUNITIES
Population shifts
Policy Considerations and Recommendations
Sustainable Urbanization
Ecotrees
NEVs
Sulfur
Reductions
National spread of population
Education
Background and Introduction
Urban vs. Rural
Urban citizens more likely to pursue political action
Negative perception of air pollution
Normalization Ignorance and Dependence
System justification and self-efficacy
References
Alberton, Mariachiara, Luciano Butti, Marco Cremonini, Massimo Martinelli, Manuela Molinaro, Yanming Ren, Patrizia Scalas, et al. 2011. “Environmental Damage - A New Challenge for China, Continuing Challenges for Western Legal Systems.” Environmental Policy and Law 41 (1): 42–51.
Almond, Douglas, Yuyu Chen, Michael Greenstone, and Hongbin Li. 2009. “Winter Heating or Clean Air? Unintended Impacts of China’s Huai River Policy.” The American Economic Review 99 (2): 184–90. doi:10.1257/aer.99.2.184.
Brajer, Victor, Robert W. Mead, and Feng Xiao. 2011. "Searching for an Environmental Kuznets Curve in China's Air Pollution." China Economic Review 22 (3): 383-397.
Chakre, Onkar J. "Choice of Eco-Friendly Trees in Urban Environment to Mitigate Airborne Particulate Pollution." Journal of Human Ecology 20, no. 2 (20101106, 2006): 135-138.
Cheng, ZM, HN Wang, and R Smyth. August. “Happiness and Job Satisfaction in Urban China: A Comparative Study of Two Generations of Migrants and Urban Locals.” SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD 51 (10).
Da, Silva Armando, and Frederick L Bein. 1981. “The Effects of a Blizzard on Urban Air Pollution.” Journal of Geography 80 (3): 91.
Gao, Cailing, Huaqiang Yin, Nanshan Ai, and Zhengwen Huang. 2009. “Historical Analysis of SO sub(2) Pollution Control Policies in China.” Environmental Management 43 (3): 447–57. doi:10.1007/s00267-008-9252-x.
Gong, Huiming, Michael Wang, and Hewu Wang. 2013. “New Energy Vehicles in China: Policies, Demonstration, and Progress.” Mitigation & Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 18 (2): 207–28.
Harrell, Stevan. "The Anthropology of Reform and the Reform of Anthropology: Anthropological Narratives of Recovery and Progress in China." Annual Review of Anthropology 30, (2001): 139-161.
Hammit, James K. Ying Zhou. 2006. "The Economic Value of Air-Pollution-Related Health Risks in China: A Contingent Valuation Study." Environmental and Resource Economics 33 (3): 399-423
Kirkulak, Berna, Bin Qiu, and Wei Yin. 2011. "The Impact of FDI on Air Quality: Evidence from China." Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies 4 (2): 81-98.
Ma, Ying. 2010. “China’s View of Climate Change.” Policy Review, no. 161 (July): 27–43.
Poon, Jessie P.H., Irene Casas, and Canfei He. 2006. "The IMpact of Energy, Transport, and Trade on Air Pollution in China." Eurasioan Geography and Economics 47 (5): 568-584.
SCALE
SCALE
SCALE
SCALE
SCALE
SCALE
SCALE
Effect on parenthood
Unhappiness of migrants

International subsidies and incentives
Pollution in the Pearl River delta
Health perceptions and willingness to pay (WTP)
"Sustainable Development"
Background Image of Beijing Air Pollution http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/02/world/asia/air-pollution-linked-to-1-2-million-deaths-in-china.html?_r=0
CO2 Image (Slide 6) http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1112787244/co2-carbon-dioxide-emissions-csiro-solar-sponge-021913/
Coal Plug (Slide 6) http://www.coal-is-dirty.com/category/coal-tags/accce
China smog mask (Slide 6) http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2013/10/21/2810581/air-pollution-shuts-chinese-city/
Chinese Flag (Slide 7) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/Flag_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China.svg/2000px-Flag_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China.svg.png
Smoke Stack (Slide 7) http://www.jmg-galleries.com/blog_images/052007_refinery_I_520c.jpg
Renewable Resources on Coal (Slide 17) http://cdn.theatlantic.com/static/newsroom/img/mag/2010/12/coal/lead.jpg?n1928u
Images Referenced
Ross, Lester. 1998. “China: Environmental Protection, Domestic Policy Trends, Patterns of Participation in Regimes and Compliance with International Norms.” The China Quarterly, no. 156 (December): 809–35.
Shao, M, X Tang, Y Zhang, and W Li. 2006. “City Clusters in China: Air and Surface Water Pollution.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 4 (7): 353–61.
Swim, Janet K., Paul C. Stern, Thomas J. Doherty, Susan Clayton, Joseph P. Reser, Elke U. Weber, Robert Gifford, and George S. Howard. "Psychology's Contributions to Understanding and Addressing Global Climate Change." American Psychologist 66, no. 4 (05, 2011): 241-250.
Stern, Paul C. "Psychological Dimensions of Global Environmental Change." Annual Review of Psychology 43, no. 1 (1992): 269-302.
Tilt, Bryan and Xiao, Pichu. "Industry, Pollution and Environmental Enforcement in Rural China: Implications for Sustainable Development." Urban Anthropology 36, no. 1-2 (20111109, 2007): 115-143.
Tsang, Stephen, and Ans Kolk. 2010. “The Evolution of Chinese Policies and Governance Structures on Environment, Energy and Climate.” Environmental Policy and Governance 20 (3): 180–96. doi:10.1002/eet.540.
Wasserstrom, Jeffrey. "The Pollution Crisis and Environmental Activism in China: A Q&A with Ralph Litzinger." Dissent Magazine (2013).
Weng, Q. and S. Yang. "Managing the Adverse Thermal Effects of Urban Development in a Densely Populated Chinese City." Journal of Environmental Management 70, no. 2 (Feb 2004, 2004): 145-156.
Wujek, Malgorzata. "Environmental Conditions of Air Pollution in Chinese Cities." Asia and Pacific Studies 2, (20101106, 2005): 75-85.
Yu, Xueying. "Is Environment 'a City Thing' in China? Rural-Urban Differences in Environmental Attitudes." Journal of Environmental Psychology 38, (06; 2014/11, 2014): 39+.
References Continued
India Gupta, Sophia Emmons, Neesha Basnyat, Chris Johnson, and Audra Reagan
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