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Education

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by

Eric Molina

on 7 May 2013

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Transcript of Education

Education
Looking at Education Systems Across the Globe
Conclusion: Where we stand and where we should be going.
Teachers, Administration and school budgets
We will be looking at 5 different countries, each from a different continent:
The United States

China

Germany

Mexico

South Africa
The United States
Federal, State, Private

Budget:
972 billion (5.7% GDP)

Primary Enrollment:
92.41%

Primary Completion:
94%

Secondary Enrollment:
89.34 %

Tertiary Enrollment (3rd level education):
72.6%

Legally Mandatory Years of School:
12 years
Germany

State

Budget:
4.6 % (GDP)

Primary Enrollment:
96%

Primary Completion:
94%

Progression to Secondary:
98.71%

Tertiary Enrollment (3rd level
education):
46.3%

Legally Mandatory Years of School:
13 years
South Africa
National

Budget:
7% GDP

Primary Enrollment:
92%

Primary Completion:
99%

Secondary Enrollment:
61.66%

Tertiary Enrollment (3rd level education):
15.65%

Legally Mandatory Years of School:
9 years
China
Mexico
Federal

Budget:
$20B (5.3% GDP)

Primary Enrollment:
97.82%

Primary Completion:
98.85%

Secondary Enrollment:
63.78%

Tertiary Enrollment (3rd level education):
20.7%

Legally Mandatory Years of School:
10 years
National

Budget:
2.5% GDP (as of 2008)

Primary Enrollment:
98%

Primary Completion:
97.7%

Secondary Enrollment:
61.66%

Tertiary Enrollment (3rd level education):
7.5%

Legally Mandatory Years of School:
9 years
When looking at each country, we will consider the following factors:
System

National Budget

Percent of Population That Enroll Into The Next Stage

Mandatory Years of Schooling Required by Law
Finland's educational system is currently ranked number one in the world




The Educational System in the United States is ranked number seventeen
Comparing the number one ranked educational system in the world to ours
Finland's Educational System
The U.S Educational System
"Education Indicators"
History of American Education
Colonial Education
18th
Early American Education
"The Common School Period"
19th
20th
17th
Finland vs The United States
"Cost, Time Money"
Primary School
Education for the upper class
Scarce text books so lessons were memorized
Bible, Primer, and Hornbook
Boys learned for their roles no the plantation
Girls learned for their roles as mistress of the a plantation
Private education for white students only
Higher Education
Boys learned higher math, Greek, Latin, science, celestial navigation , geography, history, fencing, social etiquette, and plantation management
Girls learned enough writing reading and math to read the bible and calculate household expenses
Wealth boys sent to boarding school in England to study law of medicine
Higher education for girls was not thought of as an importance
Higher education for the poor were apprenticeships
Very little schools
Children mostly home schooled
Taught how to read with hornbook and bible
By 1750s New England had highest literacy rate with 75% of males and 65% of females.
Schools were becoming more secular with grammar schools
Taught navigation, engineering, bookkeeping, and foreign languages
First secondary schools to allow females to attend
Religious reformers advocated education for the poor,African-Americans,women, and Native Americans
Century named "The Common School Period" it was the beginning when education was turning from private to public where the masses had access to it.
1840s Education reformers helped create state by state public school systems
Reformers wanted to create opportunities for all children and unite an increasingly diverse population
The argument was that education would preserve social stability and prevent crime and poverty
states and local school boards would be accountable for educating all elementary-aged children with public funds
Public high schools established in the 1800s to give the public an education only before given in 18th century private Academies
Inclusivism :Education For All
Free public education was now the law
By 1910 Kindergartens were in most schools
School attendance was mandatory
Private schools were still and option to parents
More and better childhood development programs were available
High school was more attainable
Junior high schools for grades 7-9 available in 1909
Middle schools for grades 6-8 available in 1950
Segregation in the south lead to little government funding.
Education reformers like Eleanor Roosevelt helped bring high school graduates from 1900 to 1996 from 6% to 85%
1925 Romo vs Laird Arizona
1931 lemon grove vs alvarez Calif.
1946 westminster vs Mendez Calif
Brown vs board of education(national)
Education Court Cases
Full transcript