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LA Fine Art Unit 1

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Jeuri Silk

on 26 September 2016

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Transcript of LA Fine Art Unit 1

INTERRELATIONSHIPS OF THE ARTS
Formalism: examining the formal elements of the work (ex: use of space or color)

Contextualism: exploring the context of the work
(ex: social/cultural/political climate)
Common Perspectives
psychological
feminist
religious
economic
historical
Historical Perspective
This is perhaps the most encompassing because it includes exploration of all other perspectives in time.

THEORIES OF VALUE
The Humanities
Broad areas of human creativity and analysis essentially involved with values and generally not using strictly objective or scientific methods.

Ex. literature, visual art, music, history, etc.
Subjectivist theories of value
: it is interest that projects the value on something

Ex. a painting is only valuable because it satisfies someones interest.
THEORIES OF VALUE
Objectivist theories of value:
claim that it is the object that excites the interest.

Ex.The painting is positively valuable even if no one has any interest in it
Perceiving and Thinking
Perception: involves stimulation of sense organs
Red striking your eyes
Conception: Thinking that focuses on concepts or ideas
Red symbolizing Love

LA Fine Art Ch 1-2
Understanding the Arts and
The Interrelationships of the Arts

Approaches to Analysis
APPROPRIATION
Occurs when (1) artist combine their basic medium with the medium of another art or arts but (2) keep their basic medium clearly dominant.

Ex: music is the basic medium for composers of opera. The staging may include architecture, paining, and sculpture. The language of the drama may include poetry .
SYNTHESIS
Relatively equal combining
of the media of one or more arts

Ex: architecture and sculpture
in Gaudi's church
Dance and music are one of the most obvious occurences of synthesis in art
When a work of art takes another work of art as its subject matter.
Ex: Shakespeare plays being made into film adaptations

Interpretation:
LA Fine Art Ch 3
The Interrelationships
of the Humanities

Henry Matisse (1869-1954)
Painting Interprets Dance and Music
Skip to 14:40
Perceiving and thinking almost always go together. But conception should not dominate your participation with a work or it will be weakened.
Described scientifically/
province of the sciences

Factual values can be verified
experimentally, put through the
tests of the scientific
Value Facts
Relational Theory of Value
Claims that value emerges from the relation between an interest and an object.

Ex. A good painting that is satisfying no one’s interest at the moment nevertheless possesses potential value. Like Van Gogh’s work, which was not popular while he was alive but became “valuable” to the public life later.

LA Fine Art Ch 4
Being a Critic of the Arts

Normative Values: values that are set forth as norms or ideals or what ought to be (p49)
HISTORIANS
THEOLOGY the study of religion

Despite the differences about their beliefs, religious people generally agree that their religious values are ultimate, that is , more important than any other values.
They have ultimate concern for these values.

ART & THEOLOGY
The description of the subject matter and/or form of a work of art

Describing, sometimes exhaustively, the important characteristics of that form in order to improve our understanding.
This helps us to perceive all there is to perceive.

Ex. Noticing the rhyme, steady meter, and quatrain stanza structure in a poem, such as "The Lake of Innisfree" by Yeats would be an example of descriptive criticism.

Descriptive Criticism
DETAIL / REGIONAL RELATIONSHIPS
Explication, or establishing a clear meaning, of the content of a work of art.
INTERPRETIVE CRITICISM
Detail or Regional Relationship: significant
relationships between or among details or regions

Detail: a small part of a work

Region: a large part of a work

Structural Relationship in a work of art is the connection of a part to the overall structure.


Discover the what and why of the past.

Art is among historians main resources. Historians need to understand the normative values or ideals of the society they are studying. Works of art can often reveal this information to historians. Ex. People hopes and fears/ views on life and death

Evaluative Criticism
Judgment of the merits of a work of art.
It is prescriptive criticism, which prescribes what is good as if it were a medicine and tells us that this work is superior to that work.
Norman Rockwell
Analysis Vocabulary
Audience: the group for whom a work of art, architecture, literature, drama, film or music is intended.

Composition: The arrangement of constituent elements in an individual work. The overall plan or structure.

Theme- The dominant idea of a work, the message the artist is trying to convey
Ex. Evil never wins; Love always prevails

Content- The subject matter of the work


Convention: An agreed-upon practice,
device, technique or form.
Ex. 14 line sonnet / belief of fiction for a time

Genre: the type of class to which a
work of art belongs
Ex. opera/ symphony

Medium: The material from which an art object is made



Style: the combination of distinctive elements of creative execution and expression, in terms of both form and content
Technique: The systematic procedure whereby a particular creative task is performed
Jackson Pollock’s Autumn Rhythm has no clear-cut regions

Intrinsic Value
- involve the feelings (such as pain or pleasure) we have of some valued activity, such as enjoying good food.


Extrinsic Value- are the means to the intrinsic values, such as making the money that pays for the food.


A participative experience with a work of art is an
intrinsic-extrinsic value. Involves both.
a set of interests or a way of thinking that informs and influences investigations and interpretations
PERSPECTIVE
Psychological
-symbolic associations
- attitudes of artist
Feminist
-how the work depicts women and context in which it arises from a womens point of view
-depicts relationships
- position in society
Religious
-use of symbols
- orginated from
religious context
-represents beliefs
Economic
Roles and relationships associated with wealth
Artists are closely related
to historians, philosophers, and
theologians as “humanists,” but
artists are different because they reveal
values
as opposed to studying them.
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