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Sonnet 116 and hour

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Bethany James

on 14 May 2014

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Transcript of Sonnet 116 and hour

There are many differences and similarities between our chosen poems 'hour' and 'sonnet 116'. The five main focuses of this presentation are title, theme, language, form and structure, which we will explore in detail.
Introduction
Theme
The theme of both poems are a shared similarity, both 'sonnet 116' and 'Hour' are poems about love. We know the poems are about love not only because they follow the sonnet form which is traditionally about love, but also they talk and refer to love a lot. In 'hour' it says "Time hates love, wants love poor, but love spins gold, gold, gold from straw". This poem uses personification to describe how powerful love is and how it is dependent on time but it still goes on strong no matter what. However, in 'sonnet 116' it describes love in the opposite way, "love's not times fool" meaning however much time affects love it does not matter because love overall is so much more powerful.
language devices- Imagery
Poem Title's
One of the differences the poems have are their titles. There's is 'sonnet 116' by Shakespeare and 'Hour' by Carol Ann Duffy. The poem 'sonnet 116' introduces the poem form of a sonnet, which is a 14 line love poem with a particular rhyme scheme. Carol Ann Duffy's 'Hour' introduces the poem theme which is time, but is also it is in the form of a sonnet which means its also going to be a poem about love. The reason that Shakespeare's poem is called 'sonnet 116' is because he wasn't only just famous for play writing he also wrote hundreds of sonnets, which he simply just numbered.
Sonnet 116 and Hour
By
Bethany James
Shauna McManus
Laura Dubik
Language devices- metaphors

language devices- rhyming couplets

As both of the poems are sonnets, they both have rhyming couplets. In 'Sonnet 116' and 'Hour' the changes in the tone of language is extreme, as the poem is turned upside down.

Message
Despite all the similarities that 'Sonnet 116' and 'hour' share the two poems have a very different messages.

In Sonnet 116, it is clear to see that the message is that 'love does not need time' because of phrases like "love's not times fool" or "Love alter not with brief hours or weeks". Whereas in 'Hour' the message is the opposite, it is that love is very needy towards time, we know this because of quotes like "time hates love, wants love poor" and "Love's time's beggar".

Firstly, "love's not time's fool" suggests that love is not fooled by things like time because it is completely free of such worries. In that phrase the word "fool" is used because the definition of 'fool' is ''a person who
acts unwisely or imprudently; a silly person' this indicated
that love is not stupid enough to be manipulated like some
fool, in this context time is that fool. On the other hand in
'Hour' love is portrayed as something worse than a fool, a
beggar. The quote "Love's time's beggar" shows a different
perspective of love, here love is implied to be foolish enough to allow time to manipulate it into begging. It shows how time has huge power over love which is the exact opposite of what Shakespeare believed.

Secondly, "Love alter not with brief hours or weeks" in that phrase the word 'alter' means change therefore it means that love will not change as time goes by and it will stay constant. Last of all, Shakespeare ends the poem with "If this be error and upon me proved. I never writ, nor no man ever loved", which shows that Shakespeare is confident in his interpretation of love because he is saying that if he is wrong then no one has ever truly loved. Once again, in 'Hour' this point of view varies as we are told that; "time hates love, wants love poor" which means that time feels an intense dislike towards love therefore it wants it "poor" which means that time wants love to be in need of it, it wants love to be it's beggar.

The Rhyming couplet in 'Sonnet 116' really stood out to me as the poem is all about how love can't be adapted by time and how a man is saying he will never fall out of love with his partner but right at the end it reads
'If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved.'
This quote is effective because of such a twist to the story, I think at this point of the poem the writer implies that if you can prove his poem wrong then he nor no other man has ever loved and he never wrote it. This then tells us that everything he wrote must be true so love must
'Admit impediments
' or in more modern words that love doesn't see weakness. For example this could mean that love doesn't see your imperfections but your perfections. Another quote from the poem that Shakespeare insists to be true is
'O no it is an ever-fixed mark.'
Meaning that love is fixed on something for example maybe marriage. This links to the poem 'hour' but the other way around.
As the poem 'Hour' writes the whole way though the poem about 'loves ties beggar' and how much love hates time because time is goes so fast when your with your loved ones. But just like 'Sonnet 116' the change in the tone of the poem turns the whole of the poem on its edge. But at the end of the poem the rhyming couplet shocks the reader with the statement
'than here. Now. Time hates love, wants love poor, but love spins gold, gold ,gold from straw.'
I interpret this to be a sudden transformation as the end line talks about how love spins gold which replicates riches so i think the writer is saying time wants love poor but love will never be poor. The phrase
' gold for straw '
could mean that love can make anyone or anything rich as the power of love is so powerful.
Rhyming couplets can effect the poem dramatically, changing the reader's view on the poem.
Form
Both of these poems are sonnets!!!
Sonnets are mostly about love which is extremely clear to the reader in both of these poems as they repeat just the word 'love' many times within the poem.


Both these poems are traditional and have a rhyming couplet as the last two lines in the poem which include a big twist whilst the problem/ secret is solved/ shown to the reader.
People say that a sonnet is from a man to a women this is a perfect example for the writer of 'sonnet 116' as the writer of that was William Shakespeare, but the writer of 'hour' was infact a women
The main thing that is different about a sonnet is that it has 14 lines

In 'Hour' and 'Sonnet 116' metaphors are used in both similar and different ways. In his poem Shakespeare based his metaphors on natural elements for example; "is the star to every wand'ring bark". This way he tries to tell the readers that love is a very natural thing to feel and it is an essential part of the physical world, because you can't get rid of stars as they are a natural part of this world. By referring to love as a "star" and to people as "wand'ring barks" (boats lost at sea) it is implied that love is a light, and if people allow that light to guide them they will find what is essentially needed in their life; love. Some could also potentially argue that love is represented as light because Shakespeare is yet again referring to the Bible where the star of Bethlehem guided people to Jesus who would be a representation of love that changed people's lives. In a similar way Carol Ann Duffy refers to light throughout her poem, ("Bright", "summer sky", "Midas light", "shining hour", "candle", "chandelier or spotlight"). This way she also suggests a positive representation of love and implies that love is a light you cannot live without.

On the other hand, some metaphors are used differently as the poets have a contrasting interpretation of love consequently in each poem the nature of love is pictured differently. In 'Hour' the main focus is that love is constantly chased by time, it is shown in metaphors like, "we find an hour together, spend it not on flowers". The word "find" is significant in this metaphor because if you find something it means that first you had to search for it, this implies that it's hard for this couple to spend time together as they are constantly chased by time that's running out. This shows how time is in control of love and not the other way round, as love is unable to make time stop that's why these lovers are forced to search for some time they could spend together because no matter how powerful they think their love is, time will always overpower that and because of this, there will never be enough time for them to love. Whereas, in Sonnet 116' it says that "love is not love, which, alters when it alteration finds" which means that love does not change even when it's surroundings do. By "love is not love" Shakespeare means that if over time 'love' between two people starts to disappear it was not love, as true love never fades nor does it ever changes. Differently to Carl Ann Duffy, Shakespeare pictured love as something that is unalterable because he believed that when two people fall in love they will love until "within his bending sickle's, compass come" which means until death comes for them. Therefore if two people love until the day they die that love for them would've been eternal as it would only disappear when they do.


Another similarity the two poems share is the use of imagery in their work. Both William Shakespeare and Carol Ann Duffy use imagery to describe the appearance of each ones lover. First of all in poem 'Sonnet 116' Shakespeare says that "loves not times fool", this phrases implies not only the theme of the poem, but the deep message behind it that is that love is not dependent on time. Also in 'Sonnet 116' Shakespeare states that"though rosy lips and cheeks within his bending sickle's compass come", which means that time is loves enemy and will one day reach love and age us, taking away good-looks which make it easy to fall in love. However, what Shakespeare implies is saying that only when it is
true
love will looks no longer matter so therefore "love is not times fool". By Shakespeare saying this he has used the imagery of "rosy lips and cheeks" to signify beauty as a whole and also his significant other.
Similarly, in the poem 'Hour' it says a very similar type of statement to Shakespeare's "loves times beggar". By this shes implying that love wants and needs more time and she does this buy saying "beggar". The poem is slightly different to Shakespeare's, as throughout his he is trying to prove how love does not depend on time, whereas, Carol Ann Duffy is explaining how time is loves enemy and that you have to make every moment matter. Carol Ann Duffy does this in line '5', '6' and '7', "for a thousands seconds we kiss; your hair like treasure on the ground;the Midas light turning your limbs to gold". This is the example of imagery describing the way that their partner looks. In this quote Carol Ann Duffy is trying to make such a small amount of time sound like a lot “ thousand seconds” when actually it’s a very short period of time but she would like it seem longer. This relates to how in this poem time is also seen as the enemy of love a lot like Shakespeare’s ‘Sonnet 116’. In this phrase it the imagery makes us picture this persons hair as being very beautifully by her using the metaphor “like treasure on the ground” implying that their hair is irreplaceable and very valuable.

Do you like the poems?
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