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Feedstuffs in livestock nutrition

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Darian Thompson

on 13 December 2013

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Transcript of Feedstuffs in livestock nutrition

types of concentrate feeds
vitamins and minerals
water is mainly given seperate to livestock unlike the other needs of livestock
water regulates body functions, and disperses nutrients throughout the body
cattle need 6-15 gallons of water a day depending on weight and size
water can have nutrients added to supply needs of cattle
the wter qualitywill also effect cattle
fat soluble
vitamin A,D,E,K
waters soluble
vitamin B1, B2, B6, B12, C, Niacin, Folic acid
wheat, barley, and oats are traditional
compounds-a pellet shaped mixture of several feeds
blends-a mixture of 2 or 3 feeds
straights-fresh grown or homegrown
blood meal
fish meal
feather meal
poultry byproduct meal
meat meals
types of roughages
Feedstuffs in livestock nutrition
by: Darian Thompson
Denver Smith

processed wet or dry
In wet processing, either boiling water or steam is added to the material
Processing may be either in discrete batches or continuous process
dry processing- fat is released by dehydrating the raw material
temperature range used-whether high or low
types of protein feed processes
water is generaly processed by cleaning it to get rid of unwanted contaminants
water can have certain nutrients added
not usualy added to feed, mainly seperate
essential for growth of animals
how water is processed
Alfalfa Hay
Bermuda Grass
Sorghum Hay
Peanut Grass
Soybean Hay
types of roughage processing
it is not necessary to process roughage
if processed
mixed with grains and other additives
put in a rotational, or vertical mixer, and or tub grinder
types of protein feeds
concentrate processing
generally grown in pasture
dried out then put in to compactors to make pellets in compounds
the plants are dried then put in storage for blends
homegrown are either grown and processed by other people or by you
straights are grown for one species of grass
how vitamins & minerals are processed
all mainly processed through natural roughage
some additives like calcium, iron, potassium are added to help regulate body functions
some trace minerals such as copper and chromium are added to match livestock needs
vitamins can be replaced by some minerals or trace minerals to match certain needs
Vitamin D is taken up by Ca and P to help vitamin D deficiency
ex: bonemeal
cattle need all these to get what they need to live such as fiber, nutrients, minerals, and vitamins. cattle also need water to live. roughage provide carbohydrates for energy, and fiber. Protien for muscles, and concentrates for other needs.this is want cattle need in their feed.
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