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On the Adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Transcript of On the Adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
by Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor makes many references to other documents that ensure human rights, this is used to persuade her audience to adopt human rights such as the other successful countries have even though she is from a country based on democracy she shows how even non democratic countries have adopted these basic rights.
APPEAL TO CREDIBILITY
Eleanor is credible by identifying about democracy with the evidence her shared values of freedom and by being the presidents wife she is credible.
Eleanor felt she had to persuade the non complaint states of the U.N. She did this by establishing a common ground and common reasons for why both soviet and democratic states need to adopt these rights.
Speaker: Eleanor Roosevelt
Title: On the Adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Why: declaration was adopted by U.N. general assembly after WW2 to assure that atrocities like those of the war would never happen again.
PERSONA OF THE SPEAKER
APPEAL TO REASON
"We in the United States admire those who fight for their convictions."
"Declaration of the Rights of Man by French people in 1789 the adapt of the Bill Of Rights by the people of the United States."
This supports her claim of the universal acceptance of human rights.
The speech was inclined towards the non-compliant states of the U.N. (Soviet Union, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian SSR, Peoples Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Peoples Republic of Poland, Union of South Africa, Czechoslovakia, and The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia).
The purpose of the speech was to pursuade people to want to adopting basic humans rights worldwide.
"The declaration is based on the fact that man must have freedom."
Eleanor wants to be perceived as someone who genuinely wants human rights everywhere or a human rights activist. She presumed that most of her audience is on her side except for the non compliant states.
" Man must have freedom in which to develop his full stature."
Time: Dec. 9Th 1948
Place: Paris, France
To Whom: U.N. and non compliant states
Motivating Force: Mrs.Roosevelt felt it was her duty to persuade non compliant states to adopt human rights.
" The universal declaration of human rights may well become the international magna carta of all men everywhere..."
"Comparable to the proclamation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man by the French people in 1789, the adoption of the Bill of Rights by the people of the United States......"
"We in the Untied States admire those who fight for their convictions and the soviet delegation has fought for their convictions."
This speech is of great importance because it helped persuade the non compliant states to adopt basic human rights for their people. Imagine if you never had the freedom of speech or religion just two of the many rights we as Americans have. Jimmy Carter ,former president, once said
"America didn't invent human rights. In a very real sense it is the other way around human rights invented America."
Human rights can shape a country and its people therefore making Eleanor's speech very important.
In conclusion after analyzing Eleanor's speech we can conclude not only was she helping persuade the non compliant states, but she hoped to remind existing nations with rights how lucky they are to have already won their battle for basic rights.
Eleanor references documents such as the Magna Carta, Declaration of the Rights of Man by the french and the Bill Of Rights.
"This Universal Declaration of Human Rights may well become the international Magna Carta of all men everywhere. We hope its proclamation by the General Assembly will be an event comparable to the proclamation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man by the french in1789, the adoption of the Bill Of Rights by the people of the United States, and the adoption of comparable declarations at different times in other countries"
In the speech Eleanor repeats the phrases 'it is not'
in order to further emphasize the individuality of the document. It also serves as a counterargument.
"It is not a treaty; it is not an international agreement. It is not and does not purport to be a statement of law or of legal obligation. It is a Declaration of basic principles of basic principles of human rights and freedoms, to be stamped with the approval of the General Assembly by formal vote of its members, and to serve as a common standard of achievement of all peoples of all nations."
Eleanor's use of words such as "we", "our", and "us" support her idea of being a strong, unified force.
support to give it our full support." " But
have to work together and
have to progress."
In her thesis Eleanor introduces the subject matter of the speech. She explains the processes and views of many men and governments contributed the formation the Universal Declaration Of Human Rights.
"The long and meticulous study and debate of which this Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the product means that it reflects the composite views of the many men and governments who have contributed to its formulation."
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