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An Analysis of Depression in Older Adults: Possible Causes, Developments, and Treatments

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Garrett Johnson

on 30 April 2010

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Transcript of An Analysis of Depression in Older Adults: Possible Causes, Developments, and Treatments

An Analysis of Depression in Older Adults:
Possible Causes, Developments, and Treatments The Issue of Depression
Depression is a natural part of aging. (NOT TRUE!)

Depression is often related to pathilogical aging.

Symptoms of depression in their older patients are often overlooked (Rapp, Parisi, Walsh, & Wallace, 1988)

When it is recognized, the patients are rarely referred to psychotherapy (Alvidrez & Area´n, 2002; Unutzer, 2002)

Opportunities for behavioral interventions are often missed.

Anxiety often leads to depression
Relates to IGC and Me? Depression Sucks! How Can I Prevent it? Depressive symptoms are frequently experienced with medical illness(W. J. Katon, 1996) Possible Causes of Depression in Older Adulthood Loneliness and isolation



Reduced sense of purpose... Social Identity Theory- (Tajfel & Turner, 1986)

Health Problems



Medications


Recent bereavement

Genetics


We are all getting older.

Knowledge=change

How do you want to be remembered? Maintain a healthy diet

Sustain an active social lifestyle

Exercise

Laugh often

Take care of a pet THE END Treatments for Depression Zeiss and Breckenridge (1997) found that the efficacy of psychotherapeutic approaches to treatment of depression was at least as strong as the efficacy of medication approaches.

cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)

psychodynamic therapy

interpersonal therapy

life review and reminiscence therapy

Antidepressants Future Research Conduct esearch primarily focused on older adults solely in care centers.

Research older adults outside of care centers.

Compare and contrast the two.
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