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History of Dance Prezi
Transcript of History of Dance Prezi
By Natalie Mavridis
What does history mean to me?
To me, history is a series of past
events that are factual.It has
been documented and
can be unusual.
History is to do with
something important which
will be recorded and remembered. Dance What does history mean to me?
To me, history is a series of past
events that are interesting and
factual. It has been documented and is
sometimes unusual. History is to do with something
important which will be recorded
and remembered. Where would we be without history? How can we learn from our
mistakes without history? The history of dance
Dance does not often leave behind clearly identifiable physical artifacts that last over millennia, such as stone tools, hunting implements or cave paintings.
It is not possible to say when dance became part of human culture. Dance has certainly been an important part of ceremony, rituals, celebrations and entertainment since before the birth of the earliest human civilizations. Archaeology delivers traces of dance from prehistoric times such as the 9,000 year old Bhimbetka rock shelters paintings in India and Egyptian tomb paintings portraying dancing figures from circa 3300 BC. Aboriginal Dance Ceremonial performances are seen as the core of cultural life. For example, for Tiwi Islanders, these performances bring together all aspects of their art - song, dance, body decoration, sculpture and painting. Music, song and dance was and is still today a very important part of Aboriginal life. There were songs for every occasion, some of them were expressed in special ceremonies. Songs and dances were exchanged often at large ceremonial gatherings when many people gathered together and when trade goods were also exchanged. These gatherings often happened at a time and place when there was plenty of food. Dance is a unique aspect of ceremonies which is learnt and passed down from one generation to another. To dance is to be knowledgeable about the stories of the ancestral heroes although dancing, unlike painting and singing, is learnt at an early age. This allows large groups of people to demonstrate their clan rights in front of an audience. Dance is also seen as an occasion to entertain and to be entertained and through the work of dance to show their love for families. It is for this reason that dance may be performed at the end of every day in some communities. Scottish Country Dance In the beginning, the type of dance they did most was the reel. The Scots did other dances as well, but they did love their reels. These dances, such as the Axum Reel, alternated between dancing along a looping track within the set ( a sort of 'H' shape for the Axum) and setting, showing off to your partner with fancy footwork. These weren't the only dances danced. The "dancies", travelling dance teachers, brought the latest dances from the ballrooms of Edinburgh and Paris, and taught them to the farming communities along with the reels.
Probably the closest dance form to this nowadays is the reeling tradition, as enjoyed mainly by the aristocracy and the military. They dance a smallish selection of dances with a rolling style suited to their brogues and court shoes. Around the turn of the century, a new set of dances became popular. These dances, such as the Pride of Erin Waltz and Brittania Twostep, were done in twos and threes around the room (probably showing the influence of ballroom dancing). These dances joined some of the old reels in the ceilidh dance explosion which started in the 1970s and continues to this day. The dances are taught in Scottish schools and danced at parties, weddings and Burns suppers.
Samba Dance This is a dance for the young at heart
but not necessarily young in age. It is joyful
and colourful and, while it is a fairly brisk dance, it is also extremely simple. The rhythmic patterns of the music, full of
syncopation as we expect from all Latin dances, are easy for the beginner to hear and express.
It is the dance of carnival and should be approached with mental attitude. Rumba Dance Dance, like everything else in life, develops
and changes with time. The present Rumba is the descendent of the Cuban dances, the Son and Danson, and,
while it still has many elements of those dances, it is more in keeping with today's environment. It is the slowest of the Latin dances and is stylish,
subtle, syncopated and sophisticated. It is the favourite of most good Latin dancers and, as befits the dance, is probably the most difficult to express. The Cha Cha Dance The Cha Cha is directly related to the Rumba
but is more lively, with its triple syncopated dance
unit from which the dance gets its name. Skill is needed and the dancer must be
light on his or her feet to express the bubbly
rhythms. Disco/Freestyle Dance This is the dance of the club culture and can be whatever takes the dancer's fancy. An essential componant of every dance is the music, and this is particularly true of Disco dancing. Modern Dance Modern dance is more weighted than ballet;
modern dancers speak of being "into the floor".
Working turned-in as well as turned-out with bare feet as well
as pointed, breathing at specific times, falling - it's all part of modern. Ballet Dance Today's ballet companies offer a repertoire of great variety. The old classical favourites are frequently restaged alongside new modern works in which choreographers experiment in blending new and traditional styles. Modern transport systems allow ballet companies to travel more easily than ever before, allowing ballet companies to take their performances to an ever broader public, and allowing devotees of the ballet to sample the full spectrum of modern ballet activity.
Pointe Shoes At what age are the girls allowed to go on pointe?
Starting too young can cause injury. Ideally pointe
class is not an option but, at the appropriate level, part
of the training. The bones of the foot are not fully developed, strengthened,
and hardened until sometime in the late teens or early twenties.
If a young dancer attempts pointwork without proper strength and technique, the significant forces created by the combination of body weight can permanently damage those not-fully-developed bones. If a dancer is truly ready, if the introduction to pointework is gradual and knowledgeably supervised and the pointe shoes are fitted properly, then there is minimal risk of injury even if the bones are not fully formed. Most dancers are ready to begin pointework
between the ages of ten and twelve. Occasionally,
a very strong nine-year-old can safely go on pointe, but this is unusual. A dancer who almost starts pointework a year later than her classmates almost always catches up. Jazz Dance Like jazz music, jazz dance has developed into a variety of forms from
theatrical work to the rhythmic work to the sharp, funky styles that sprouted up along with rap and hip-hop music. Tap Dance Waltz The Waltz is one of the most famous and popular ballroom dances,
evoking a timeless atmosphere of romance and elegance. Originating in Austria and southern Germany in the late eighteenth century, the name comes from the German word-walzen- to roll or turn. Hip Hop Today, hip-hop seems to be everywhere. Hip-hop in not only music or dance—it is a culture. The lifestyle that many thought would be a passing fad has, three decades later, grown to become a permanent part of world culture. West African Dance In sharp contrast to the upright ballet stance, West
African dance works low to the ground, constantly
using the floor. The music used is just by live drummers playing complex rhythms. You have to be highly attuned
to the music because you can't go on to the next step until they give you the signal. In the late 1940s, Havana, Cuba, was one of the most popular resorts for North Americans, especially those residing along the east coast. The most famous American dance bands as well as the many outstanding Latin bands native to Cuba played at the city's casinos. Some of these orchestras tried combining the American JAZZ beat with the Cuban RUMBA rhythm; The result was a new rhythm called the MAMBO. Jazz dance is a classification shared by a broad range of dance styles. Before the 1950s, jazz dance referred to dance styles that originated from African American vernacular dance. In the 1950s, a new genre of jazz dance—modern jazz dance—emerged, with roots in Caribbean traditional dance. Every individual style of jazz dance has roots traceable to one of these two distinct origins.
The Modern Dance form evolved during the early 20th century. The term Modern Dance sometimes also refers to the 20th century ballroom dance, but it is usually referred to the 20th century concert dance.
The Samba originated in Brazil. It was and is danced as a festival dance during the street festivals and celebrations. First introduced in the U.S. in a Broadway play called "Street Carnival" in the late twenties. The festive style and mood of the dance has kept it alive and popular to this day. Samba is a fun dance that fits most of today's popular music. The word Rumba is a generic term, covering a variety of names (i.e., Son and Danzon), for a type of West Indian music or dancing. The exact meaning varies from island to island. The word "rumba" comes from the verb "rumbear" which means going to parties, dancing, and having a good time. The history of disco dancing dates back to the 1970s when African American and Hispanic communities across the United States of America popularized a music genre, that went by the name of 'Disco'. A trend that started in Philadelphia, resulted in the popular club culture, flickering multi-colored lights and heavily sequined apparel. The origin of ballet dancing dates back to the late fifteenth century in Italy, when it was performed as an interpretation of fencing. They were performed in large halls as an entertainment for the courts. The dance themes were based on the social event of a particular day. This was evident from a dance in 1489; performed during the course of an banquet whereby the action of the dance revealed the menu. When ballet dance was introduced, the most significant feature was the group performance, wherein the participants not only danced, but also sang songs and recited poems. The five positions of ballet dance were created in the 1600s by the well-known French ballet teacher and choreographer, Pierre Beauchamp. These basic positions, though modified a little, are followed even today. In fact, many of the dance steps known today, are identified by the French names.
Tap Dance, style of American theatrical dance, distinguished by percussive footwork, that marks out precise rhythmic patterns on the floor. Some descriptive step names are brush, flap, shuffle, ball change, and cramp roll.
The sources of tap dancing include the Irish solo step dance, the English clog dance, and African dance movements. Among the slaves in the southern United States, these merged by the early 19th century into folk styles, the modern descendants of which include buck-and-wing dancing and southern United States clogging (both done in leather-sole shoes). By the 1920s metal plates, or taps, had been added to leather-soled shoes. Africa covers about one-fifth of the world's land area and about
and eighth of its people. In Africa, dance is a means of marking the experiences of life, encouraging abundant crops, and healing the sick soul and body. It is also done purely for enjoyment. All ceremonial African dances have a purpose, often spiritual. Traditionally, people throughout the continent of Africa achieve direct communication between themselves and their gods through ritual music and dance, including many with masks. Bibliography Books
Need to know?
Latin Dancing by Lyndon Wainwright with Lynda King
Dancing through History by Joan Cass
The Ballet Companion by Eliza Gaynor Minden Websites
http://www.worldartswest.org/plm/guide/printablepages/malisenegal.pdf Thanks for watching!
By Natalie Mavridis