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Catholic Church Response to Protestant Reformation
Transcript of Catholic Church Response to Protestant Reformation
Goal was to assimilate Protestants, but it rejected Lutheran and Calvinist views.
Strengthened the Catholic Church by ridding it of some corruption.
Basis for the spiritual renewal of the Catholic Church.
This demonstrated that people that were not high in the Church hierarchy attempted to strengthen the Catholic Church.
Council of Trent Established in 1542 by Pope Paul II
Rooted out heretics to the Catholic Church by prohibiting books, and imposing its authority.
It was effective in the Papal States, but had little impact outside of Papal States.
Holy Office Resisted the spread of Protestantism and blamed the reformation on peoples' spiritual conditions.
Was effective in spreading Christianity around the world to places such as Asia and the New World.
Members were known as Jesuits.
Strong example of laypeople working to strengthen the Catholic Church influence throughout the world. Society of Jesus Despite the efforts of the laypeople, the Catholic Church was unable to halt the the fervor of the Protestant Reformation because of the disinterest the Church leader displayed. Counter Reformation The Counter-Reformation began in the 1540's and was a direct reaction to the Protestant Reformation.
It was a Catholic desire to return to Catholicism.
Catholics feared "infection" of all of Christian society by the Protestant dissidents. Although both the Catholic Reformation and the Counter-Reformation did not begin at the same time, they could coincide and progress simultaneously.