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Positive, Comparative, Superlative

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Michele Hoff

on 21 June 2011

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Transcript of Positive, Comparative, Superlative

Postive, Comparative,
and Superlative
Adjectives and Adverbs Positive:
Describes a quality; indicates no comparison Comparative:
Indicates comparisons between TWO qualities (greater or lesser) Superlative:
Indicates comparisons among MORE THAN TWO qualities
(greatest or least) Examples:


Positive: Comparative: Superlative:
Big Bigger Biggest The Rule for the Comparative for Adjectives:
One-syllable adjectives and many two-syllable ones
(mostly ending in -y, -ly, -le, -er, and -ow)): Add -er
Examples:
slow = slower
funny = funnier
lovely = lovelier
(note the final y becomes i before adding -er)

Two-syllable adjectives; all long adjectives:
Add "more" or "less" before the adjective
Examples:
incredible = more incredible
famous = less famous The Rule for the Comparative for Adverbs:
Adverbs ending in -ly indicate a greater degree with "more"
Example:
slowly= more slow

Other adverbs use the -er ending to indicate a greater degree
Example:
soon = sooner

All adverbs indicate a lesser degree with "less"
Examples:
slow = less slowly soon = less soon The Comparative The Superlative The Rule for the Superlative for Adjectives:

Adjectives that form the comparative with -er, simply change the -er to -est to form the superlative
Examples:
nicer = nicest
funnier = funniest

Adjectives that indicate the comparative with "more" use "most" to indicate the superlative
Examples:
more famous = most famous
more challenging = most challenging

All adjectives indicate the least degree with "least"
Examples:
least interesting least enjoyable Note:
Never use both "more" and -er to form the comparative degree.

Examples:
Faulty: Nothing could have been more easier.
Revised: Nothing could have been easier.

Faulty: The package arrived more later than the letter.

Revised: The package arrived later than the letter. The Rule for the Superlative for Adverbs:

The majority of adverbs are preceded by "most" to indicate the greatest degree.
Examples:
most quickly most helpfully most efficiently

Others use the -est ending to indicate the greatest degree.
Examples:
soonest

All adverbs use "least" to indicate the least degree
least willingly least fashionably Note:
Never use both "most" and -est to form the superlative degree.

Examples:
Faulty: Jack is the most meanest person in town.
Revised: Jack is the meanest person in town. Irregular Comparatives and Superlatives:

Postive Comparative Superlative

ADJECTIVES good better best
bad worse worst
a little less least
many, some, more worst
much


ADVERBS well better best
badly worse worst Illogical Comparisons:

Many adjectives and adverbs have absolute meanings - that is, they can logically exist only in the positive degree. Words like "perfect," unique," "excellent," "impossible," and "dead" can never be used in the comparative or superlative degree.

FAULTY: The vase is the most unique piece in her collection.
REVISED: The vase in her collection is unique.

Absolutes can, however, be modified by words that suggest approaching the absolute state - "nearly" or "almost," for example
Example: He revised until his draft was almost perfect. Works Cited
Kirszner, Laurie G., and Stephen R. Mandell.
The Holt Handbook. 4th ed. New York, NY:
Harcourt Brace, 1995. 424-27. Print.
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