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Copy of Krashen's Affective Filter Hypothesis
Transcript of Copy of Krashen's Affective Filter Hypothesis
Mary "Jenny" Jordan
Affective Filter Hypothesis
Operation of the Affective Filter
Students with "optimal attitudes" are hypothesized to have low affective filters. With this in mind, classrooms should be designed to promote low anxiety. This in turn will create an environment where comprehension can occur.
The Classroom Environment
Creating a positive classroom environment is key to ensuring students have a low affective filter. Here are some ideas:
Arrange classroom so that desks are in pairs or groups. This creates an environment where conversations can occur effortlessly.
Explain procedures on first day of class.
Let students know you want to make learning fun.
Play games that help students build vocabulary. This gives them an opportunity to interact with one another in a non-treating way.
Songs can motivate students. They not only develop a student's listening, but can be used to develop speaking and reading fluency.
Watching a film as a class can create a situation in which students have something they can talk about. Films create "common ground". Playing films can also help students hear language being used in context.
Krashen, S. (1982). Principle and Practice in Second
Language Acquisition. Pergamon Press Inc. Retrieved
Krashen, S. (n.d.). Stephen Krashen on language
acquisition, part 2 of 2. Retrieved from
Lin, G.H. (2008). Pedagogies proving Krashen's theory of the
affective filter. Hwa Kang Journal of English Language and
Literature. Vol. 14, pp. 113-131. Retrieved from http://
Second Language Acquisition will occur when a student's motivation and self-esteem are high and his/her anxiety is low.
"If self-esteem is low and anxiety is high...a block goes up. We call this block the affective filter." Stephen Krashen
As educators our goal is to ensure all of our students are successful. A safe and nurturing classroom environment will give students the confidence they will need to be successful while learning a second language.