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Transcript of Psychoanalytic Theory
listening! What is the psychoanalytic theory? Psychoanalytic Theory - Psychoanalytic theory was developed by Sigmund Freud.
- Psychoanalysis focuses on past conflicts as the reasons to current emotional and behavioural problems.
- Psychoanalytic theory helps in the understanding of mental life and human behaviour. Match Hamlet and Gertrude's Relationship - How Hamlet and Gertrude’s relationship influence’s his madness
- Throughout William Shakespeare's Hamlet, Shakespeare portrays Hamlet with the same types of behaviors and frustrations in humans that Sigmund Freud saw.
- Aspects of the oedipal complex can be seen and applied to Hamlet's first soliloquy.
"With such dexterity to incestuous sheets! It is not, nor it cannot come to good. / But break my heart, for I must hold my tongue." (1.2 . 157-9)
- Act three scene four “the closet scene”
- Did Hamlet kill Claudius for his father or mother? Hamlet's View on Women - Hamlet loathes his mother for not grieving his father’s death and marrying quickly.
- Hamlet has a passive/aggressive attitude towards both Ophelia and Gertrude.
- Ophelia is impacted by Hamlet’s mental abuse Delay of Hamlet's Actions - Oedipal desire for his mother
- Doubts ghost
- Is a result of the ego Psychoanalytic Theory Includes: Topographical Theory Theory of Narcissism Libido Theory - Structural Theory
- Libido (Drive) Theory
- Topographical Theory of mind
- Theory of Narcissism Structural theory ID - First to develop
- Completely unconscious
- Contains all drives
- Ruled by pleasure principle
- No awareness of reality Ego - Second structure to develop
- Operates on reality principle
- Mediates conflict among id, ego, and superego
- Provides reality testing
- Monitors quality of interpersonal relations
- Provides synthesis and coordination
- Carries out primary autonomous functions
- Defends against anxiety Superego - Third structure to develop
- Self-criticism based on moral values
- Self-praised based on ego ideal
- Most functions are unconscious - Assumes that biological needs/drives fuel behaviour.
- The aim of behaviour is to gratify the drive.
- Drives are either sexual or aggressive in nature.
- The discharge of libido is experienced as pleasure. - Mind exists as defined by their relationship to conscious thought (the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious).
- Conscious level of mind refers to the portion of mental activity and content that is directly available to immediate perception.
- Preconscious level of mind refers to mental content and processes that are not conscious but can be readily accessed by the direction of attention.
- Unconscious level of mind refers to a set of mental processes and content that operates outside conscious awareness. - Excessive love or admiration of oneself or self-love.
- Also refers to the erotic pleasure derived from contemplation or admiration of one's own body or self.
- Primary narcissism refers to a the state in which the desire and energy that drives one’s instinct to survive.
- Secondary narcissism occurs when the libido withdraws from objects outside the self, above all the mother, producing a relationship to social reality that includes the potential for megalomania (obsession with power).
- Problems in the transition from one to the other can lead to pathological narcissistic disorders in adulthood. ID EGO SUPEREGO Polonius Claudius Horatio