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Modernism

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Ryan Estep

on 21 October 2014

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Transcript of Modernism

(1900-1950)
Modernism
World War 1
(1914-1918)
Central Powers vs. Allied Powers
Caused many political and economic changes around the world
The views, opinions, and attitudes of many people towards numerous issues changed
Revolutions in a number of countries around the world gave authors their freedom of speech and expression to write what they wanted. Therefore eliminating subject barriers.
T.S. Eliot
(1888-1965)
Most famous and influential poet of the time.
His work inspired thoughts about the nature of civilized society and basic human aspirations.
The Great Depression
(1929-1939)
Unemployment rate at almost 25%, many people homeless and starving
Made people question tradition and explore European ways in terms of government, literature, art, and science
Writers, artists, and scientists could no longer afford to study abroad in Europe to learn their modernist techniques
Instead brought European modernism back to America, where it flourished through the 1930s
Common themes:
Attempted to 'remascuinize' American culture because men felt inferior for no longer being the bread winners
Marxism: Europe's depression wasn't as bad, maybe time for a change of government
Sense of lost hope and arbitrary nature of war
Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961)
1929:
A Farewell to Arms
States the pointlessness of war as the main hero deserts fellow soldiers
Langston Hughes and 52 other prominent American writers write essays and reports throwing their support to Marxism
Michael Gold
1929:Marxist author and critic who published reports on the correlation of gender and class
The Roaring 20's
(1918-1929)
World War 1 is over and the economy is booming
Nations wealth nearly doubled
Prohibition started which brought about many cultural changes
Women can vote!!
Many new inventions
Works Cited:
Armengol, Joseph M. "Gendering the Great Depression." Infohio. EBSCO, 2014. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
Carrigan, Henry L., Jr. "James Joyce." Literary Reference Center. Magill's Literary Annual, 2013. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.
"Eliot, T. S." Chambers Biographical Dictionary. 1997. Biography Reference Bank. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.
Gerhard, Jane, and Cynthia McCown. "The 1900s: The Arts." American Decades. Ed. Judith S. Baughman, et al. Vol. 1: 1900-1909. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.
Pells, Richard H. "Political Movements and Social Change." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 25 Aug. 2014. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.
"The Grapes of Wrath." The Grapes of Wrath. The Big Read, n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2014.
"The Great Depression." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.
"The Roaring Twenties." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2014. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.
Weir, Lorraine. "Joyce, James." Academic World Book. World Book, 2014. Web. 19 Sept. 201
"World Book Online Reference Center | Online Reference Book| Online Encyclopedia." World Book. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

There were many social and political changes happening that affects the views of Americans.
Conclusion
These new cultural movements led people to view the world in a different way. New, modern ideas were beginning to be introduced.
Modernism describes an international movement in the arts during the early twentieth century. Modernists rejected old forms and experimented with the new. Literary Modernists- such as James Joyce, W.B. Yeats, and T.S. Eliot- used images as symbols. They presented human experiences in fragments, rather than as a coherent whole, which led to new experiments in the forms of poetry and fiction.
James Joyce
(1882-1941)
20th centuries greatest yet challenging authors.
Ulysses(1922) completely changed the way novels were written.
introduced "stream of consciousness". Thoughts and feelings in a continuous flow.
Huge impact on modern literature
F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby
modernism is the cultural movement that went away from the old way of things and experimented with new ideals
the world was being viewed very differently which was shaped by the two great wars and the roaring twenties
Individualism and experimentation are virtues of the period
Modernist views sees decay and growing alienation of the individual
In art modernism made the distinction between high and low art, a work of fine art is better than that of a cartoon
In poetry imagist poetry became a breakthrough, focused on minimalistic language and a directness in poetry
All in all the modernism movement changed how people saw truth and reality and how they thought about art and creative pursuits
World War II
(1939-1945)
The Great Depression ends
Most devastating war in history
Allies vs Axis
Total War
More jobs were created to help war effort
Patriotism swept through the country
Women became the main workers of the family and most husbands were enlisted in the war. As technology improved the radio became the main source of entertainment and news. Many updates were given from the frontlines overseas to families at home.
The devastation from the Holocaust and the dropping of the atomic bomb changed people's views on life. It showed how truly inhumane the world can be.
Literature pointed out the inhumanity of war and the importance of hard work to move past the depression
John Steinbeck
1939 The Grapes Wrath
Speaks about the plight of man during The Great Depression and the value of hard work and self-determination
Full transcript