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Manage Animal Accomodation

Manage Animal Accomodation

Samuel Jones

on 20 November 2012

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Transcript of Manage Animal Accomodation

Preparing and Maintaining Animal
Accomodation This assignment will assess P4, P5, P6, P7, P8, M2 & D2 of the Manage Animal Accommodation unit. This assignment is designed to improve your knowledge and ability to prepare and maintain animal accommodation. The assessment will be in the form of an annotated storyboard, and A3 poster and a written report in which you will demonstrate your knowledge and skills in preparing, monitoring and maintaining animal accommodation. To complete this assessment you must have access to a digital camera, either your own or you will need to borrow one from Animal Care, to record your preparation and maintenance of your selected animals. The information needed to complete this assignment will be delivered in the form of formal lectures, practical activities and tutor-directed research. Security Explain the process and factors involved in introducing animals Identify the requirements of specific animal species in relation to the above Explain why it is important that animals are housed in suitable environments (fixtures and fittings, security and materials) Maintaining
Environments Explain why it is important that animals are housed in suitable environments (substrates and bedding) Identify the requirements of specific animal species in relation to the above Describe how temperature, humidity and ventilation are maintained Hazards Describe the equipment and methods of cleaning animal accommodation List common accommodation hazards Explain the procedure of spotting, reporting and maintaining hazards Enrichment Identify common behavioural stereotypes Explain how enrichment can maintain health and wellbeing Construct enrichment apparatus Cost Estimate the cost of different accommodation Evaluate accommodation for cost, location and suitability both the animal and carer Evaluation Fully evaluate the animal accommodation at Hartpury College Suggest and justify improvements to existing accommodation Design high quality accommodation using stated improvements Before the animal enters the accommodation we need to ensure the environment is suitable Five Freedoms Glossary Aclimatisation Fixtures Fittings A reversible adaptation by which an animal is able to alter its tolerance to the environment A piece of equipment that is in a fixed position within an enclosure A small part on or attached to a piece of equipment Recap Plenary What pests do suspended wires keep out? What is a Ratter? What is an environmental impact? Why is it bad when non-native animals and plants escape from an enclosure? List five ways that an enclosure can be environmentally friendly A cat that kills rodents Birds Something that cause damage to the environment They can compete with or damage our native species When first introducing animals to new areas it is important to take your time •Fish should be rested for at least 20 minutes to allow water temperatures to equalise

•Keeping birds in the dark for an hour will calm them down

•Social animals should be separated by mesh to allow visual and olfactory acclimatisation without conflict

•Glass fronts can cause animals to fly or run into them if they are stressed Space Use When an animal is put into a new enclosure or its enclosure is extended it will often not use all the space until it has gotten used to it It took over three months for all eight elephants to use all the new space regularly Elephants Security Keeping an animal safe in its environment and preventing it from escaping Risks Name five fixtures

Name four fittings

Name three ways to acclimatise an animal to a new enclosure

Name the two factors related to security

Name one way to stop a bird from flying into glass barriers Give Me 5! Temporarily smearing, hanging opaque strips and sticking predator silhouettes on the glass will stop this The elephant enclosure at Chester Zoo was extended to give the animal’s better welfare In the beginning all of the elephants would only walk up as far as the position of the old barrier Over the weeks each individual ventured across at different times Even when individuals could see their familiars in the new space they still would not cross Identify the appropriate substrate and bedding materials for the following animals. Glossary Gradient Substrate Bedding An increase or decrease in magnitude of a property, passing from one point to another The surface or material that an organism lives, grows and/or obtains its nourishment from A material that an animal sleeps on Recap Define acclimatisation… Name three ways to acclimatise an animal to a new enclosure… How can we stop birds from flying into glass? Which two materials are suitable for enclosure design and which would not be appropriate? List five fixtures and/or fittings… A reversible adaptation by which an animal is able to alter its tolerance to the environment Opaque strips
Images of predators Substrates need to be species specific, durable and easy to clean Sand Gravel Concrete Chippings Sawdust Soil Substrates are chosen not only for their suitability for the enclosure but also to promote natural behaviours, replicate natural environments and allow non-invasive grooming of hooves and claws Bedding needs to be species specific, warm and comfortable Straw Cotton wool Newspaper Tissue Branches Maintaining Temperature Endotherms (warm blooded) create their own body heat so if it is too hot or cold the animal will have to use a lot of energy to maintain its body temperature Ectotherms (cold blooded) rely on their environment to maintain body heat so if it is too hot or cold they will suffer Temperature gradients are, therefore, a good idea Central heating Insulation
Thermostats Heat lamps
Water heaters Maintaining Humidity Humidity is important for maintaining many biological functions and is measured using a hygrometer Too much humidity and enclosures can become mouldy and rotten but too little can cause respiratory problems Humidity gradients are, therefore, a very good idea Pools of water
Air conditioning
Sprinklers and heating Maintaining Ventilation Ventilation is very important in maintaining comfort and good health Highly ventilated enclosures can cause the animals to get too cold but poor ventilation can reduce the amount of bad smells escaping from the enclosure (glass tank) We must therefore strike a balance! Bars Grates
Windows Outside runs
Fan ventilation units Plenary You must design three enclosures for our new arrivals at Hartpury College, paying specific interest in how you would prepare and maintain adequate temperatures, ventilation and humidity. You must design an “environmentally friendly” enclosure for one bird, one rodent and one snake. Recap How would you create a temperature gradient? What is the difference between substrate and bedding? Why are gradients important? Which of the following are used for Ventilation, Temperature and Humidity control? List five substrate and five bedding materials… Glossary Hazard Personal Protective Equipment Chronological A potential source of danger Any devices or clothing worn by the worker to protect against hazards in the environment Starting with the earliest and following the order in which they occur Plenary Use your maintenance report form to highlight any hazards in the animal house Bedding is specifically what the animal sleep on

Whereas substrate is any material the animal lives or grows on By placing a heat lamp and water bowl at opposite ends of the enclosure So animals can actively regulate their temperature or other properties Duties Equipment Jobs Task 1 In groups of three-five use the flipchart paper and pens to illustrate the step-by-step instructions of how to clean an enclosure in the animal house. You must only use five sheets of flipchart paper and must include descriptions and directions for all equipment (including PPE) and cleaning products used. You will present this information to the rest of the class and will therefore need to write a script and elect narrators. Hazards Accommodation hazards are a potential source of danger to the animal occupant and the owner There are two main categories of hazard • Physical: an animal injuring itself
• Breakout: an animal escaping Although chemical hazards, such as irritants, do exist they are often difficult to detect. They are also very unlikely when only the animal’s owner works in the enclosure Hazards & Risks Reporting Hazards All hazards should be reported to a trained member of staff who is able to deal with the problem The hazard can be reported verbally or documented on handover/maintained forms The forms should contain the following information:
Date and time of the report
Name of the reporter
Location of the enclosure
Animal within the enclosure and any risks that that animal may pose
Description of the fault
Account of how the fault occurred (if known)
Severity/priority of the fault Task 2 Design an easy to use maintenance report form template for the animal house Glossary Reimburse Suitable Repay a sum of money that has been spent or lost Right or appropriate for a particular person, purpose, or situation Recap List the five stages of cleaning out an animal’s enclosure… Name five pieces of cleaning equipment… Give an example of…
A physical hazard:
A breakout hazard:
A chemical hazard: What information is needed when reporting a hazard? Date and time of the report
Name of the reporter
Location of the enclosure
Animal within the enclosure and any risks that that animal may pose
Description of the fault
Account of how the fault occurred (if known)
Severity/priority of the fault Calculating Costs You have been given three new pets (hamster, bearded dragon and clown fish) but you have nothing to keep them in. You will need to buy a brand new enclosure and all the accessories etc. before you can accept them.

The previous owner understands that you are doing him a favour and has therefore said that all you need to do is send him an itemised bill and he will reimburse you with the total. Hamster: Bearded dragon Clown fish Which accommodation is the most expensive to set up?

Once you have bought all of the materials etc. which accommodation is the most sustainable?

Which accommodation is the best value for money?

Which accommodation would you be most likely to buy and why? Evaluation Location Bad Location You have been offered a job as a pet shop manager and are expecting a delivery of new animals over the coming days. You have already bought all the things that the animals will need so the only thing left to do is decide where each one will go. You should state why you chose each position for suitability for the animal and the carer.

Complete the floor plan below by indicating where each of the following animals will go: Corn Snake, Burmese Python, Rat Snakes, Western Hog Nosed Snake, Bearded Dragon, Skink, Tree Frogs, Doves, Zebra Finches, African Grey Parrot, Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, Ferrets, Rats, Mice, Gerbils, Hamsters, Goldfish, Glossary Justified A statement that shows an action to be reasonable or necessary Recap Approximately how much would it cost to set up the following enclosures: What is the most expensive piece of equipment when setting up the following enclosures: Explain why you chose the positions in your pet shop for the following animals: Cage –
Vivarium –
Fish tank – Rodent –
Reptile –
Marine fish – Rabbit –

Bearded Dragon –

Dove – Use a mind map to identify all the precautions and consideration that you need to make in order to create the perfect enclosure. You must consider suitability for both the owner and the animal. Task 1 With task one in mind design an evaluation form that can be used to evaluate three enclosures within the animal house. You are then required to fully evaluate three enclosures using the form. Task 2 Use bullet points to list three improvements that you could make to each enclosure.

You must then write why these improvements are necessary next to each point. Task 3 Using all you have learned from this unit so far, design the perfect enclosure for an animal that we own here at Hartpury College. Please take your time, annotate clearly and use the colours provided to produce some incredible posters that may be used in displays around the corridor. Task 4 Recap 1.When was the Animal Welfare Act established?
2.What did the Animal Welfare Act hope to achieve?

3.List the Five Freedoms…

4.What is the difference between a fixture and fitting?

5.How would you create a temperature gradient?

6.What disease are we trying to prevent when we put foreign pets in quarantine? 7.What are the three categories of hazards and can you name an example of each?

8.List five animals and state the bedding and substrate that they use…

9.Give one justified improvement for the below accommodation…

10.Sketch the following enclosures and state what animal lives in each one
c.Aviary Glossary Enrichment Enhancing an animal’s captive environment to suit its behavioural biology Stereotypy A repetitive behaviour that appears under conditions of stress Influences of Captivity Behaviour What is the difference between captive and wild environments? Captive Wild The above captive influences lead to stress and boredom of the animal and as a result abnormal behaviours develop, these are called stereotypies Stereotypies Stereotypies are repetitive, show no apparent function and are not usually seen in the wild In 2001 scientists concluded that 80% of captive giraffe in the U.S. exhibit at least one stereotypy Common Examples Common Stereotypies Talking to animal using low tones
Warm ventilated environment
Separation from owner
Isolation from social companions
Decrease in personal space
Providing routable substrate
Providing shelter
Bright light Enrichment Can Can't The best forms of enrichment are ones that promote natural behaviours

Bust most importantly you need to keep it novel by changing the apparatus or schedules every couple of days Design and make a piece of enrichment for a rodent here at Hartpury
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