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Atlantic Maritime Ecozone
Transcript of Atlantic Maritime Ecozone
as in the views and end of the mountain -The landforms are made from igneous and - The climate there is strongly affected by the Atlantic Ocean -The soils here are not very leached -human activities include fishing, forestry, tourism, agriculture, and urbanization Tourism ATLANTIC MARITIME ECOZONE sedimentary rock -It consists of over 4000 offshore islands, peninsulas, and over 11 000km of coastline area. It also has a lot of hill area -A cluster of both islands and peninsulas form the northeastern end of the Appalachian Mountains - Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, P.E.I and the
Gaspe Peninsula are all within
the ecozone. -The Ecozone includes the mouth of the St.
Lawrence River - The temperature averages at about -5 degrees Celsius in the winter and about 15 degrees Celsius in the summer -The winters are long and mild, while the summers are warm. - The mean of the annual precipitation ranges from 1000mm inland to 1425mm along the coast. -Because the air comes from over the atlantic ocean the air it usually has moisture -The Coastal area has slightly cooler winters and warmer summers -In the Atlantic Maritime they have a lot more storms than anywhere else in the country -The precipitation type is orographic -Because of it not being very leached it is said to probably have the richest top soil in the region -The soils leave the region to have very good vegetation - The Appalachian area has poor soils, while the coastal plains have richer soil - The inland has acidic soil that supports expansive forests, however they are
not adaptable to agriculture
uses - base economy for this ecozone for centuries was fishing, until several major stocks over fished. -agriculture is only possible if the soil is rich in places such as farms and P.E.I -half of the people who live in The Atlantic Maritime Ecozone (2.5 million) live in rural areas,
which is far above the national average. - It also attracts tourists from its national parks -Another one of its attractions is the animals and especially the birds, as it has a lot of different birds. -This brings in money to the ecozone National Parks Some of the National parks are, Fundy National park of Canada, Forillon National park of Canada,Prince Edward Island National Park of Canada the P.E.I National Park of Canada has sand dunes, barrier islands, beaches, wetlands and forests, and more. Also in the park, there areunique cultural resources. Located on the farthest reach of the Gaspe Peninsula is the Forillon Nation Park Of Canada, which was created in 1970.244sqr kilometers of carved sea covers the landscape. Bibliography http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/pn-np/qc/forillon/index.aspx http://ecozone-experts.wikispaces.com/Atlantic+Maritime http://canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca/english/ecozones/atlanticmaritime/atlanticmaritime.htm http://www.oocities.org/geography_rocks/Ecozones.htm Wildlife - There is a variety of terrestrial, freshwater, and marine environments in the Atlantic Maritime.
-Seals, dolphins and porpoises are present, which made seal and whale-watching popular to tourists.
-The Grey Whale has disappeared on the coast, due to centuries of hunting.
- Other terrestrial mammals include Black Bear, Bobcat, Northern Flying Squirrel, White-tailed Deer and Large moose herds also roam. Vegetation - the Atlantic maritime is the third
most forested eco zone.
-This region is located
in the boreal forest and is dominated by
conifers (spruce, pine and fir).
-There is a concern to the diversity
of species in the forest that has been
reduced by clearing and fire. The Ecozone of the Atlantic Maritime has helped shape and influence the history and culture of the Mi’kamq first nation peoples. The Wigwam is a shelter created to house up to 20 people. The materials used to build the shelter are gathered within the Ecozone. The shelter provides protection against the specific weather conditions. The Atlantic Maritime has high precipitation, with on average 1500mm of rainfall pr year on the coast. The frame of the wigwam was usually made using spruce wood and birch bark sheets to repel moisture. The Mi’kamq peoples relied solely on wildlife that was present and of high quantity. Another example of the influence of the Ecozone shaping the traditions of the Mi’kamq people is their diet. The people spent the majority of their gathering of food and hunting on the coast, to take advantage of the abundance of marine life.
They also hunted large game like moose and caribou.
Moose was important as one of their main food
supply because the moose is one the most commonly found herbivore in the region. The Mi’kamq use unique methods
of practice, influenced by the conditions of the
Atlantic Maritime. Links Between the Ecozone and the Mi'Kamq 1620-Mi’Kamq population drops to 400 after plague is brought by returning worriers, from pre-contact population estimated at 35,000.
1713- Treaty was signed to recognize St. John River Maliseet, Mi'kmaw and Abenaki Nations people the right to hunt and fish.
1713 Nova Scotia government creates ten Mi'kmaq Reserves.
1855The Nova Scotia government enacts legislation for the purpose of taking title to all lands reserved for the exclusive use of the Mi'kmaq and to hold it in trust for them.
1868- The Indian Act is created
1982- Treaty and Aboriginal Rights are recognized under section 35 of the Constitution Act
2001- Mi'kmaq traditional marriages recognized under N.S. Solemnization of Marriages Act. Timeline of Major Events in history Links between the Ecozone and the Maliseet For more information on the ecozone visit http://canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca/english/ecozones/atlanticmaritime/atlanticmaritime.htm
http://ecozones.ca/english/zone/AtlanticMaritime/index.html watch here
for pictures The Maliseet belong to the Algonquin linguistic family. There are over 6,000 Maliseet's living in the Atlantic Region, nearly 3,541 live on-reserve.
Their lands once stretched from new Brunswick and maine to the far west of the St. Lawrence. The Maliseet are Algonquin. The Maliseet are close to the American Native peoples in Maine, New Hampshire and Quebec The men would hunt but with some success. They then became a virtually military organization. Some Maliseet people work in construction,while others work in pulp mills, and some as teachers, nurses and in bussiness.