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Design Simulations: The Art of Photomontage

Introductory lecture on the principles and techniques of composing design simulations using Photoshop and basic montage techniques
by

Timothy Johnson

on 24 August 2016

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Transcript of Design Simulations: The Art of Photomontage

Introduction to Photomontage
and Exercise One
1. Why photomontage?
2. Photomontage history
3. Principles & Techniques
How did the art of photomontage develop?
How and why do we use photomontage in landscape architecture?
The keys to creating effective photomontages every time
4. Exercise two & samples
Exercise requirements and some student examples
Why use photomontage?
save time
easy to edit
digital format
works well with 3D apps
often required/expected
realistic and familiar

plans, sections & elevations
perspective drawings
photomontage design simulations

black & white vs. color renderings
abstract vs. realistic

How do we represent design ideas?
History of photomontage
As an art - started after WWI
Traced back to victorian era
Started with mistakes
Collodion plates
Double exposure
Technical limits of materials
John Heartfield, From Night to Light
Picasso, Three Musicians
What is a Photomontage?
Any picture for which more than one camera image has been used. From the beginning it included mixed modes and manual cut and paste

Montage vs. Collage

A collage is made of fragments with sharp cut or torn edges. A montage blends its component images together to create a seamless composition.
Design Simulations
Keys to Success:
Horizon and POV
Horizon and Perspective
Need to understand and match
Represents eye level of view
Eyeballs line up
Provides height dimension
May be inside or outside of photo
Keys to Success:
Visual Skills

Keys to Success:
Edges & Gradients
In drawing, outlines & shading define edges
In photomontage, color and value gradients define objects
Digital montage makes this easier
Texture gradients help define depth in perspective
Photomontage is a projected image
Creates the illusion of depth
Behind and In front equals the eclipsing of forms
“Overlapping” elements provide important depth cues
Keys to Success:
Stacking Order
Keys to Success:
Color
Color Hue, value and chroma
Seasonal variations Color scheme of base photo
Shade & Shadow
Shade and Shadow Consistent value is critical Lighting direction Realistic Shadows
Keys to Success:
Reflections & Opacity
Reflections and Opacity
Water or glass
Transparency
Organic materials
Create a center of interest
Informal balance
direct the eye
create depth with convergence
create depth with horizontal spacing
create depth with occlusion
contrast scale using familiar elements
Keys to Success:
Composition
Center of Interest
Create a center of interest
Informal balance
direct the eye
create depth with convergence
create depth with horizontal spacing
create depth with occlusion
contrast scale using familiar elements
Balance
Create a center of interest
Informal balance
direct the eye
create depth with convergence
create depth with horizontal spacing
create depth with occlusion
contrast scale using familiar elements
Create a center of interest
Informal balance
direct the eye
create depth with convergence
create depth with horizontal spacing
create depth with occlusion
contrast scale using familiar elements
Direct the Eye
Create a center of interest
Informal balance
direct the eye
create depth with convergence
create depth with horizontal spacing
create depth with occlusion
contrast scale using familiar elements
Direct the Eye
Create a center of interest
Informal balance
direct the eye
create depth with convergence
create depth with horizontal spacing
create depth with occlusion
contrast scale using familiar elements
Occlusion
Create a center of interest
Informal balance
direct the eye
create depth with convergence
create depth with horizontal spacing
create depth with occlusion
contrast scale using familiar elements
Scale
Keys to Success:
Photoshop Skills

Photoshop:
Image Extraction
collecting entourage elements
need to separate elements
selection methods
selection tool techniques
Photoshop:
Pasting Images
placing entourage elements
normal paste technique
paste into technique
edge refining
Photoshop:
Transformations
making elements fit the background
scaling
rotating
distorting
flipping
organize your montage
improve workflow
live editing
control stacking order
Photoshop:
Layers & Layer Masks
base image color matching
radiosity
entourage element variations
seasonal themes
Photoshop:
Color Adjustments
Full transcript