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Power, Politics, & Inequality- part 1 SPR16
Transcript of Power, Politics, & Inequality- part 1 SPR16
What do we mean by politics?
cultural ideas, norms, values, & practices that regulate how people interact with one another
consists of mechanisms of social control--
way of getting group members to conform to expectations and rules
Who is able to define expectations and rules? Who has social power?
ability to compel others to do things
ability to have one's interpretations transmitted
organisation based on kin group (Band)
reciprocity & distribution
reciprocity & distribution act as leveling mechanism
What do we mean by egalitarian?
power still is located in authority & persuasion
--particularly by elders over youth
political organisation based on limited authority over a number of small residential groups (Tribe)
limited authority by???
Mostly egalitarian b/c principle of reciprocity & redistribution
status not based on legitimised authority, but persuasion...
What is inequality?
Inequality- degree to which culturally valued material and social rewards are given disproportionately to individuals, families, groups.
Unequal access to wealth, prestige, & power
Unequal access to productive resources, education, or skills
Are these distributed based on one's acribed or achieved status?
Centralized political system, governed through a chief (Chiefdom)
chief vs commoners
Centralized political system, with a bureaucracy (State)
elite, bureaucracy, populace
Types of stratification:
member of the caste you are born into
limited to no mobility
codified social norms that govern interactions between castes
underpinned by Hindu ideologies of purity
not uniform throughout India
shifting towards hierarchies based on class
possibility for mobility
IF you can gain access to productive resources, education & skills
Do we have a caste system or class system?
Are we ascribed status at birth, or do we achieve it?
Is there potential for social & economic mobility?
What kinds of symbols are used to indicate class membership or exclusion?
53% of Americans consider themselves to be middle-class
including 40% of those who make less than $20,000/year
In the US- don't realize how wealthy the wealthy actually are....
richest 20% controls 80% of wealth in the US (Norton 2011)
wealth vs income
46.5 Million under poverty line (2013 Census Bureau)