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Objective 6 - Social Development in the Colonies

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by

Jerrid Harris

on 26 September 2016

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Transcript of Objective 6 - Social Development in the Colonies

Life in Colonial America
Life in the
South
vs. Life in the
New England
Life in the South -
- Short Life Expectancy
- Small Families
- Large Poor Class
- Few schools
- Resentful Backcountry folk
Life in New England -
- Longer Life Expectancy
- Large Families
- Distribution of Wealth
- Schools in most communities...(Harvard, Yale, Brown, Princeton)
- Resentment is focused on England
Mercantilism and the African Slave Trade
Mercantilism
- the economic relationship between England and the American colonies
- Americans supply
only
England with raw materials in return for finished goods
- created an
economic dependency
in the colonies, and
- enforced by the
Acts of Trade and Navigation
(i.e. "
Navigation Laws
")
- "
Triangle Trade
"

African Slave Trade
- Slave population booms after 1670 (i.e.
Bacon's Rebellion
).
- By 1750, slaves outnumber whites in the Southern Colonies
- Evidence of African American culture
- Blended Religion, blended language, blended music ("gullah")
Social Mobility and Benjamin Franklin
The (First) Great Awakening
- Religious Revival that began in the 1730's in New England communities
- "Each of these "Great Awakenings" was characterized by

widespread revivals

led by evangelical Protestant ministers, a

sharp increase of interest in religion
,
a profound

sense of conviction and redemption
on the part of those affected, an

increase in evangelical church membership
,
and the

formation of new religious movements and denominations."
- Why did it start? -

people were bored with old sermons and preachers were disappointed in dropping church membership.

- Who were it's leaders?
-
Johnathon Edwards
and
George Whitefield
- Fire and Brimstone sermons..."
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
."

- Where did it occur? - EVERYWHERE!!!
Conclusion
Why is it important for today's students to study the American colonial period?
What caused these differences?
French Canada
French Canada
Before
- Born into a poor family in Boston

- Mother was a housewife/teacher

- Father was a candlestick maker

- Ben had 14 brother and sisters...none went to a formal school
After
- Inventor - bifocals, stove oven, rocking chair, etc..
.
- Founder - University of Pennsylvania, Hospital, Fire Station

- Author - Poor Richards Almanack

- Founding Father - Diplomat and Editor of D.O.I.
Johnathon Edwards
George Whitefield
Evangelical Revivals
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
Average Colonial Americans
Raw Materials
Finished Goods
Slaves
New France
- Populated by Catholics and a large minority of French Protestants
(Huguenots)
- Settlements were sparse and settlers made profit through the fur trade (with Native Americans)
- French settlers relied heavily on the King and took their orders from French magistrates...made no attempt at self-governance.
Full transcript