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Autism

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Lama Khalid

on 6 October 2015

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Transcript of Autism

Autism | ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ
ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺨﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﻴﺴﻔﺘﻟﺍ
ﻲﻔﻃﺎﻋ ﺪﻠﺒﺗ ﻦﻋ ﺞﺗﺎﻧ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ
ﺮﻫﺎﻈﻤﻟﺍﻭ ، ًﺎﻴﻛﻮﻠﺳ ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻑﺮﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺏﺍﺮﻄﺿﺍ ﻮﻫ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ
.ﻩﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﻣ ﺍﺮﻬﺷ 30 ﻞﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﻎﻠﺒﻳ ﻥﺍ ﻞﺒﻗ ﺮﻬﻈﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺐﺠﻳ ﺔﻴﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ

ﺏﺍﺮﻄﺿﺍ ﻪﺒﺣﺎﺼﻳ ﺪﻗ ﻭﺃ ﻩﺩﺮﻔﻤﺑ ﺙﺪﺤﻳ ﺪﻗ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍﻭ
ﺔﻴﻠﻘﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﺎﻋﻹﺍﻭ ،ﻉﺮﺼﻟﺎﻛ ،ﻍﺎﻣﺪﻟﺍ ﻒﺋﺎﻇﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺮﺛﺆﻳ ﺮﺧﺁ
. ﺔﻴﺳﻭﺮﻴﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﺎﻬﺘﻟﻻﺍ ﻭﺃ
ﻱﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺺﺋﺎﺼﺧ
ﺎﻤﻫﺮﻴﻏﻭ ﻞﻜﻳﺎﻣ ﺮﻴﺴﻟﺍﻭ ﺪﻧﻼﻤﻳﺭ ﺭﺎﻧﺮﺒﻟ ﻞﻀﻔﻟﺍ ﺩﻮﻌﻳﻭ
ﺔﻴﺑﺮﺘﻟ ﻞﺧﺩ ﻻ ﻪﻧﺄﺑ ، ﺎﻣﺎﻤﺗ ﺩﺎﻘﺘﻋﻻﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﺾﺣﺩ ﻲﻓ
.ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﺏﺎﺼﻣ ﻞﻔﻃ ﺔﺌﺸﻨﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺏﻷﺍ ﻭﺍ ﻡﻷﺍ
ﻲﻧﺎﻄﻴﺷ ﺲﻣ ﻦﻋ ﺞﺗﺎﻧ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ
ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻤﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ (ﺪﻟﻮﺟ)ﻭ (ﺞﻨﻳﻭ) ﻦﻣ ﻞﻛ ﺕﺪﺟﻭ *
ﻲﻧﺎﻌﺗ ًﺎﻀﻳﺃ ﺖﻧﺎﻛ ﺔﻴﻋﺎﻤﺘﺟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﻮﻌﺻ ﻲﻧﺎﻌﺗ ﺖﻧﺎﻛ
ﻡﻼﻜﻟﺍﻭ ﻞﻴﺨﺘﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺪﻘﻤﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺍﺭﻮﺼﻗ
ﻱﺬﻟﺍ (ﺪﻳﻭﺮﻓ) ﺕﺎﻳﺮﻈﻨﺑ ﻦﻳﺮﺛﺄﺘﻣ ﻥﻮﻴﺴﻔﻨﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﺒﻃﻷﺍ ﻥﺎﻛ
ﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﻣ ﻰﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﻞﺣﺍﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺔﺌﻃﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺑﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻯﺃﺭ
.ﺓﺮﻴﺜﻛ ﺔﻴﻨﻫﺫ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﺮﻄﺿﺍ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﺞﺘﻨﻳ ﻞﻔﻄﻟﺍ

.ﻦﻳﺪﻟﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﻱﻮﺑﺮﺗ ﻞﻠﺧ ﻦﻋ ﺞﺗﺎﻧ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻯﺃﺭ ﻮﻧﻭﺮﺑ ﺚﻴﺣ
: ﺔﺳﺭﺪﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺮﻣ ﻲﻓ

ﻥﺍﻭﺪﻌﻟﺍﻭ ﺐﻀﻐﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻞﺜﻤﺘﻳﻭ ﻲﺒﻳﺮﺨﺘﻟﺍ ﻙﻮﻠﺴﻟﺍ *

. ﺔﺒﻗﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﺷ ﻞﺜﻣ ﻢﺴﺠﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﻀﻋ ﺾﻌﺑ ﺾﺒﻗ ﻲﻓ ﻭﺪﺒﻳﻭ ﺕﺍﺬﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺎﺛﺇ *
ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻦﻴﺑﺎﺼﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻔﻃﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﻣﺃ ﻥﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺔﻳﺮﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﺸﺗﻭ
(ﺕﺍﺩﺭﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻬﻣﻷﺎﺑ) ﻦﻔﺻﻭﻭ ﻦﻬﺋﺎﻨﺑﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﺤﻟ ﻦﺒﺠﺘﺴﻳ ﻻ ﻦﻫ
ﺔﺟﻼﺜﻟﺍ ﻡﻷﺍ ﺔﻳﺮﻈﻧ ﻭ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ
: ﻞﺜﻣ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻄﻠﻟ ﺔﻗﺭﺎﺧ ﺓﻮﻗ ﻦﻋ ﺀﻲﺷﺎﻧ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺾﻌﺒﻟﺍ ﻢﻋﺯ
ﻲﻧﺎﻄﻴﺷ ﺲﻣ *
ﺓﺪﺳﺎﺣ ﻦﻴﻋ ﺔﺑﺎﺻﺇ *

ﺕﺍﺩﺎﻘﺘﻋﻹﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻞﺜﻣ ﺔﻳﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﺮﻄﺿﻹﺍ ﺽﺍﺮﻋﺃ ﺕﺯﺰﻋ ﺪﻗﻭ
ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻨﻫﺬﻟﺍ ﻪﺗﺍﺭﺪﻗ ﻕﻮﻔﺗ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺄﺑ ﺎًﻧﺎﻴﺣﺃ ﻡﻮﻘﻳ ﻪﻧﻷ
ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣ ﺍًﺪﺟ ﺔﻄﻴﺴﺑ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺄﺑ ﻡﺎﻴﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﻪﻴﻓ ﺰﺠﻌﻳ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ
ﻲﻠﻘﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﻤﻌﺑ

ﺎًﻣﺎﻤﺗ ﻚﻟﺫ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺓﺮﻴﺧﻷﺍ ﺙﺎﺤﺑﻷﺍ ﺖﺘﺒﺛﺃ ﺪﻗﻭ
. ﺔﻳﻮﻀﻋ ﺏﺎﺒﺳﺃ ﻰﻟﺇ ﺩﻮﻌﻳ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺕﺪﻛﺃ ﺚﻴﺣ ،
ﺔﻳﻮﻀﻋ ﺏﺎﺒﺳﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺞﺗﺎﻧ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ
ﻝﻼﺧ ﻝﺎﻔﻃﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺖﻳﺮﺟﺍ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺙﺎﺤﺑﻻﺍ ﺕﺭﺎﺷﺍ
ﻲﻌﻴﺒﻄﻟﺍ ﻮﻤﻨﻟﺍ ﻞﺣﺍﺮﻣ ﻝﻮﺣ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﻌﺒﺴﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻨﻴﺘﺴﻟﺍ
ﻰﻟﺍ ﺩﻮﻌﺗ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﺮﻄﺿﺍ ﻥﺍ ﻲﻠﻘﻌﻟﺍ ﻮﻤﻨﻟﺍﻭ
ﻰﻤﺴﻳ ﻢﻟﺎﻋ ﻙﺎﻨﻫ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺪﻗﻭ ، ﺔﻳﻮﻀﻋ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﺮﻄﺿﺍ
"ﻙﺭﺎﻣ" ﻰﻋﺪﻳ ﻱﺪﺣﻮﺗ ﻞﻔﻃ ﻪﻳﺪﻟ "ﺪﻧﻼﻤﻳﺭ"ﺏ
ﺙﺎﺤﺑﺍ ﻭ ﻪﺛﺎﺤﺑﻻ ﻥﺎﻛ ﺪﻗﻭ ﻯﺮﺧﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺳﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺚﺤﺒﻳ ﺃﺪﺒﻓ
ﻪﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻞﺻﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻞﻀﻔﻟﺍ ﻞﻜﻳﺎﻣ ﻞﺜﻣ ﻩﺮﻴﻏ
.ﺔﻴﻔﻃﺎﻋ ﻻ ﺔﻳﻮﻀﻋ ﺏﺎﺒﺳﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﺩﻮﻌﻳ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ
ﺔﻳﻮﻀﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺎﺻﻹﺍ ﺔﻴﺿﺮﻓ
ﻪﻧﺃ ﻝﻮﻘﺗﻭ 1996 ﺔﻨﺳ ﺕﺮﻬﻇ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺿﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ
ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﺮﻄﺿﺈﺑ ﺪﻟﻮﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺼﻳ ﻥﺍ ﻦﻜﻤﻤﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ
ﺙﺪﺤﺗ Peptides ﺕﺎﻧﻮﺘﻴﺑ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻤﺟﺎﻧ ﻲﺒﺼﻌﻟﺍ
ﻲﺒﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺮﺛﺆﺗ ﺔﻴﻌﻴﺒﻃ ﺔﻴﻧﻮﻴﻓﺃ ﺕﺍﺮﻴﺛﺄﺗ
ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺺﻴﺨﺸﺗ ﺮﻴﻳﺎﻌﻣ ﻝﻮﺣ ﻪﻴﺨﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﻴﺴﻔﺘﻟﺍ
ﻥﻮﻧﺎﻌﻳ ﻦﻴﻳﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺮﻓﻷﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﺟ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻣ ﻢﻏﺮﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ*
ﺺﻴﺨﺸﺗ ﻥﺎﻜﻣﻻﺎﺑ ﺲﻴﻟ ﻪﻧﺍ ﻻﺍ ﻡﻼﻜﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺮﺧﺄﺗ ﻦﻣ
ﻡﻼﻜﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺮﺧﺄﺗ ﻪﻧﺃ ﺩﺮﺠﻤﻟ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﺩﺮﻓ
ﺪﻠﺒﺗ ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻧ ﻭﺃ ﻦﻳﺪﻟﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺑﺮﺗ ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻧ ﻦﻣ ﺲﻴﻟ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ*
ﻞﺜﻣ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻄﻠﻟ ﺔﻗﺭﺎﺧ ﺓﻮﻗ ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻧ ﺲﻴﻟﻭ ﻡﻷﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻲﻔﻃﺎﻋ
ﻦﻴﻌﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﺑﺎﺻﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻲﻧﺎﻄﻴﺷ ﺶﻣ
: ﺎﻬﻨﺑﺍ ﻞﻤﺤﺗ ﻲﻫﻭ ﻡﻷﺍ ﺮﻌﺸﺗ
ﺎﻬﻟ ﻪﺒﺘﻨﻣ ﺮﻴﻏﻭ ﺎﻬﺑ ﺮﻌﺸﻳ ﻻ *
ﺔﻄﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﻭﺍ ﻞﺻﺍﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻱﺄﺑ ﻡﻷﺍ ﺮﻌﺸﺗ ﻻ *
ﺎﻬﻠﻔﻃ ﻦﻴﺑﻭ ﺎﻬﻨﻴﺑ ﺔﻴﻌﻴﺒﻄﻟﺍ
: ﺔﺜﻟﺎﺜﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﺔﻨﺴﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ
ﻲﻌﻴﺒﻃ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﻦﻳﺮﺧﻷﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻞﻔﻄﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺪﻗ ﻡﺪﻋ *
ﺮﻤﺘﺴﻣ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻜﻟﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ ﺩﺩﺮﻳ *
ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﺴﻟ ﻪﻬﺑﺎﺸﻣ ﺔﻴﺋﺎﻤﻧ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﺮﻄﺿﺍ


ﺮﻨﻔﻠﻴﺟ ﻭﺭﺪﻧﻻ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﺘﻣ ﺔﻬﺑﺎﺸﺘﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﺮﻄﺿﻻﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻦﻣﻭ
ﺱﻮﺗﻮﺳ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﺘﻣ ﻚﻟﺬﻛﻭ ﺱﺎﻴﺑﻮﻣ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﺘﻣ ًﺎﻀﻳﺃ ﻙﺎﻨﻫﻭ
. ﺔﺠﺴﻧﻷﺍ ﺐﻠﺼﺗ ﺽﺮﻣﻭ ، ﻞﻳﺎﺘﻴﻔﻟﺍ ﺽﺮﻣ ﻭ ، ﻰﺗﺭﻮﺗ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﺘﻣ ﻭ
؟ ﻁﺎﺸﻨﻟﺍ
ﻊـﺟﺍﺮـﻤـﻟﺍ
ﺀﺍﺮﻫﺰﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ : ﺽﺎﻳﺮﻟﺍ, ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺎﻳﺎﻔﺧ,(2004) ﻲﻠﻋ ﺀﺎﻓﻭ, ﻲﻣﺎﺸﻟﺍ -1
ﻦﻴﺑ ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺏﺍﺮﻄﺿﺍ ,(2012) ﻦﻤﺣﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﺒﻋ ,ﺭﺍﺮﺟ -2
ﻱﺃﺮﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﻳﺮﺟ ,ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﻟﺍ ﻖﺋﺎﻘﺤﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺌﻃﺎﺨﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺪﻘﺘﻌﻤﻟﺍ
ﻪﻬﺑﺎﺸﻣ ﺽﺍﺮﻋﺍ ﻙﺎﻨﻫ ﻞﻫ "(2011) ﺓﺮﻴﻣﺍ ، ﻊﻴﻤﺴﻟﺍ ﺪﺒﻋ -3
6/10/2015 ﻪﻋﺎﺟﺮﺘﺳﺍ ﻢﺗ . ﺓﺮﻫﺎﻘﻟﺍ . ﻝﺎﻘﻣ " ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﺤﻟ
ﺪﺣﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﺮﻄﺿﺍ ﻰﻟﺍ ﻞﺧﺪﻣ .( 1432) ﺪﻟﺎﺧ ،ﺏﺮﻋ -4
ﻊﻳﺯﻮﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺮﺸﻨﻠﻟ ﺀﺍﺮﻫﺰﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺩ : ﺽﺎﻳﺮﻟﺍ.
: ﺕﺎﺒﻟﺎﻄﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺪﻋﺇ

ﺞﻓﺮﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺨﻴﺷ ﺮﻜﺒﻟﺍ ﻰﻤﻟ
ﻱﺭﺎﻔﻌﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻴﻫ ﻱﺪﻣﺎﻐﻟﺍ ﻩﺪﻤﺣ
ﻲﺛﺭﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﻭﺭ ﻥﺍﺪﻴﺤﻠﻟﺍ ﻯﺪﻳﺭ
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