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Jean Jaques Rousseau
Transcript of Jean Jaques Rousseau
Her mother died when he was nine days, so he was raised by his aunt and his father (a watchmen)
When he finished the school he attempt a few unsuccessful apprenticeships as an engraver. Three years later he left Geneva and he moved to France, where he met Madame de Warens, who for the next ten years provided for him an education and much needed moral support and maternal love. At this time Rousseau converted to Catholicism. In 1742 he moved TO PARIS In Paris, Rousseau met Denis Diderot, who inspired him to come forward in 1750 to contest organized by the Academy of Dijon, in which was awarded first prize for his Discourse on the sciences and arts, which marked the beginning of his fame and caused great controversy in society. In 1761 Rousseau wrote The New Eloise, which escaped censor and was one of the most widely read works of the Romanticism period. His next and most controversial work,
The Social Contract
which talk about the "Man was born free, but he is everywhere in chains."
Unlike his previous work, Rousseau in the social contract claimed that the state of nature is a brutal condition without law or morality, and that there are good men only a result of the presence of society. It is a work on political philosophy, that rules the the good coexistence and behavior between people cheked by a goberment chosen by themselves The publication of these two works caused disturbance among French Catholics and Calvinist who were deeply offended and publicly burnt the books. Orders for his arrest were issued. Enduring this persecution but becoming paranoid and insecure, Rousseau lived in exile in Prussia and later England, to live with Scottish philosopher David Hume for a period of time.
He returned to France under a false name Rousseau continued working in secret on his "Confessions" (1764 – 1778). His last creation shows to be a progressively more and more worrying test of self-justification, Rousseau needed defend his case, for later, confess his sins. Just before his death, Jean-Jacques Rousseau finished the additional autobiographical works "Dialogues: Rousseau, Judge of Jean-Jacques"; and "Reveries of the Solitary Walker".
He died in 1778 just as the chaos in France was erupting. After his death, his ideas were taken up by proponents of the "Reign of Terror", but were also employed later by the American philosophers/poets Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau. Among his most ardent critics were Voltaire and, much later, Karl Popper and Hannah Arendt. In 1754, Jean-Jacques Rousseau returned to Geneva and (re)converted to Calvinism. One year later he published the Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men :in this write ,Rousseau said that, at first, humans lived in a state of nature, in which lived happily travelling freely from one place to another, in the middle of a fertile habitat, that offered all food needed by humans, covered all their needs and living a happy life, what could push them the wrong ? According to Rosseau, was due to the invention of private property. For Rousseau this marked the end of the state of nature and the beginning of society. With the institution of private property emerged economic rivalry, and with rivalry, the greed and social inequality. The begining of his fame...