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Rudies, Rastafari, & Jamaican Indep SPR15

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Julie Jenkins

on 5 May 2015

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Transcript of Rudies, Rastafari, & Jamaican Indep SPR15

Rudies, Rastafari &
Jamaican Independence

1950s & 1960s- Industrialization
--Jamaican Industrial Development Corporation
-Financed via North American Corps
-tax breaks, import duty relief
-Manufacturing & export of furnture, garments, footwear
-cheap labor/imported raw materials
-examine how Jamaica's economic & political structures changed in 1950s & 60s

-how musical expression was used to confront these changes via Ska (Rude- Boys) & Reggae
--MNCs from US & Canada establish Bauxite mining
Vision of Development after the Creation of Bretton Woods Institutions
-1944
"modernization theories"

Europe a 'model' to be applied to the rest
--focus on industrialization,
In Jamaica,
--expanded work opportunities & created some economic security
But...
--employed fewer Jamaicans than agricultural production
--real income cut in half
--more alienation from land
--increased reliance on imported food
--food shortages
--increased crime b/c of lack of employment options
--housing shortages
--Some Jamaicans of African descent used educational opps to enter into professional employment
--middle-class
--but they didn't support a Rastafarian ideology or black nationalism.
--embraced British values of respectability
plans for Jamaica's independence 1944-1962
--1944- Universal Adult Sufferage
--1957- Britain starts to relinquish control; Jamaican representatives control economic policies
--1959-- Prime Minister, autonomous government; Britain only in relation to foreign policy
--1962-- Full Independence.
Need to create a sense of Nationalism
--belonging to a nation-state
"Out of Many, One People"
--Creole Nationalism
--emphasized racial equality, but "Africa" perceived as 'heritage'
--to unite, but not to glamorize
--continuation of colonial values and legitimizing class-based political domination.
--obscured issures surrounding class & race, & white cultural hegemony
--Youth Black Faith
--Henry Rebellion - 1960
--Coral Gardens - 1963
Middle-class perception of Rastafarians as criminals, lazy, lacking in education, violent
Rude Boy (Rudie)
--young men
--ideas taken from Rastafarianism, but distinctly different
Ska & Rocksteady
--1st- R&B from US
--created sound-systems
--dub-versions
--Ska incorporated sound with folk music
1960s- highest income inequality in world
--wealthiest 20% of population owns 61% of the nations wealth
--10% owns 64% of land
--1960- unemployment 12%
1969- unemployment 31%
political participation more equal (in terms of voting), some social mobility
--but...majority excluded from control of economic resources or manufacturing/tourism industries.
Walter Rodney
--professor at University of West Indies
--advocated for working poor, critiques development via industrialization
--banned 1968
--Rodney Riots/ October Revolution
"understand the range of contemporary cultural formations among black Jamaicans vis a vie ongoing negotiation of dynamic systems of power and domination at historically specific junctures" Thomas
--GDP increased 6-7%, but income gaps widening
--real income of the majority cut in half.
WHY???
further marginalization of the poor, while benefiting the Jamaican higher/middle classes
Creole Nationalism--
--distanced from the perceived "backwardness" of the practices and values of urban and rural lower classes
--needed to control those that challenge the ideals of Creole Nationalism
So what forms of cultural expression emerged in the 1950s & 1960s? How do these relate to 'The Harder They Come'? How are they challenging to the social, political, & economic order?
Rudies in court, now boys, rudies in court
Rudies in court, now boys, rudies in court

Order, now, this court is in session
And I order all you rude boys to stand
You're brought here [Incomprehensible]

Now tell me, rude boys
What have you to say for yourselves ?
Your honor, rudies don't fear

Rudies don't fear, no boys, rudies don't fear
Rudies don't fear, no boys, rudies don't fear

Rougher than rough, tougher than tough
Strong like lion, we are iron

Rudies don't fear, no boys, rudies don't fear
Rudies don't fear, no boys, rudies don't fear

Rudies don't fear, no boys, rudies don't fear
Rudies don't fear, no boys, rudies don't fear

Rougher than rough, tougher than tough
Strong like lion, we are iron

Rudies not free yet, boys, rudies not free
Rudies not free yet, boys, rudies not free

Simmer down: you lickin' too hot, so!
Simmer down: soon you'll get dropped, so!
Simmer down: can you hear what I say?
Simmer down: simmer won't you - why won't you -
why won't you simmer down?
Simmer down!

Long time people de used to say,
What sweet nanny goat
A-go run him belly, so:
Simmer down: oh, control your temper!
Simmer down: or the battle will be hotter
Simmer down: man, you hear what I say?
Simmer down: oh, that I'm a-leavin' you today!
---
/Saxophone solo/
---
Simmer down: oh, you hear what I say?
Simmer simmer: a-that I'm leavin' you today!
Simmer down: can you hear what I say?
Simmer down!
Chicken merry, hawk deh near
And when him deh near
You must beware, so:
Simmer down: oh, control your temper!
Simmer down: for the battle will be hotter;
Simmer down: and-a you won't get no supper.
Simmer down: and you know you bound to suffer
Simmer down: simmer - simmer - simmer right down:
Simmer down: like you never did before!
Simmer down: oh, oh, oh!
Simmer down: man, you hear what I say?
Simmer down: you lickin' too hot, so!
Simmer down: and you know soon you'll get dropped, so!
Simmer down: I want to simmer - simmer down!
Simmer down: simmer down - simmer down!
Simmer down: simmer - simmer down!
Simmer down: oh, simmer - simmer down!
Simmer down: and you never ...
/fadeout/

"The Harder They Come"

Well, they tell me of a pie up in the sky
Waiting for me when I die
But between the day you're born and when you die
They never seem to hear even your cry

So as sure as the sun will shine
I'm gonna get my share now, what's mine
And then the harder they come
The harder they fall, one and all
Ooh, the harder they come
The harder they fall, one and all

Well, the oppressors are trying to keep me down
Trying to drive me underground
And they think that they have got the battle won
I say forgive them Lord, they know not what they've done

'Cause, as sure as the sun will shine
I'm gonna get my share now, what's mine
And then the harder they come
The harder they fall, one and all
Ooh, the harder they come
Harder they fall, one and all


And I keep on fighting for the things I want
Though I know that when you're dead you can't
But I'd rather be a free man in my grave
Than living as a puppet or a slave

So as sure as the sun will shine
I'm gonna get my share now, what's mine
And then the harder they come
The harder they fall, one and all
Ooh, the harder they come
Harder they fall, one and all
Hey, the harder they come
Harder they fall, one and all
What I say now
What I Say now

What I say now
What I say, one time
The harder they come, the harder they fall, one and all
The harder they come, the harder they fall, one and all
Full transcript