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Tanu and Amanda

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lib hist

on 4 October 2016

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Transcript of Tanu and Amanda

Tanu and Amanda:
North Carolina

Colonial History
North Carolina was first settled in 1587. 121 settlers led by John White landed on present-day Roanoke Island on July 22, 1587. It was the first English settlement in the New World. After John White and his crew came back with supplies and food, all the colonists were gone. As early as the 1650s, some Virginians began to move into the region that became northeastern North Carolina. The first permanent English settlement in North Carolina occurred in 1655 when Nathaniel Batts, a Virginia farmer, migrated to an area just south of Virginia with the hopes of finding suitable farmland.
Types of People in the Colony
Many colonists in North Carolina were from England and other countries as well.
Very few Huguenots ( French Protestants) moved to NC and setteled near Trent River
This colony was also home to the Swiss and Germans
Scotch-Irish and the Scotch lived here as well.
These immigrants brought many ideas to North America such as the idea of purity of religious devotion from the Germans.
Reasons Founded
King Charles the second gave a charter in 1663 that allowed eight noblemen, Lord Proprietors of the Province of Carolina, to start a settlement. King Charles started the charter for the men in because of their efforts in helping him regain the throne of England. In 1665, Sir John Yeamans established a second permanent colony in North Carolina on the Cape Fear River near present-day Wilmington. Because of the distance between Charles Town and points in the northern part of the colony, the terms “North Carolina” and “South Carolina” came into use. The first permenant settler in this colony was Nathaniel Batts.
Types of Economy
Types of Religion
Settle in North Carolina!
1. http://americanhistory.about.com/cs/colonialamerica/p/ncarolinacolony.htm
2. http://mrnussbaum.com/history-2-2/nccolony/
5. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/America/United_States/North_Carolina/_Texts/journals/The_North_Carolina_Booklet/3/5*.html
6. https://www.landofthebrave.info/north-carolina-colony.htm
8. https://colonial-project-bl-a.wikispaces.com/North+Carolina
9. http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/namerica/usstates/nctimeln.htm
Roanoke Colony
North Carolina was officially founded in 1663. However, in 1587, John Wilde and 121 settlers founded Roanoke Colony, in present day Dare County, NC. It was the first official English settlement made in the Americas. When explorers returned to Roanoke in 1590, all the settlers were gone.The word "Croatoan" was carved into a tree. No one knows what actually happened to Roanoke Colony, called the "Lost Colony."
After the settlers from Roanoke disapeared. the colony was settled in again. North Carolina was founded officially by King Charles the II in England in 1663. After the King gave permission to start a new colony, colonists from Virginia began to move to NC. The banks of North Carolina were the first places colonization began. North Carolina's climate and location were ideal for growing tobacco, rice and many other cash crops.
North Carolina had religious diversity. One religion was Quaker. They formed successful communities in the colony. Scottish Presbyterians lived in upper cape valley and Lutheran Evangelicals and Reformed Germans later moved into the Yadkin and Catawba valleys of the same region. The Church of England was the established church of colonial North Carolina but was never a dominant force among the colonists. North Carolina was not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Anglicans and other religions.
In North Carolina, agriculture was one of the main sources of earning money. Many colonists earned a living by farming on plantations and fams. Tobacco, vegetables, fruits, grains and livestock were raised in the plantations. In NC, slaves were populous and worked on the plantations. They harvested cotton, tobacco, rice, indigo(dye) and other crops. Fishing was also another way people earned money. They caught trout, catfish, and bass. Other settlers made money by working in the forests. They cut down pine trees for tar and turpentine.
North Carolina's warm climate made it possible for crops to be grown all year. It had religious freedom for all colonists, allowing different traditions and rituals. This colony grew crops such as tobacco, and as a result made a lot of money. Natural resources such as fish, forests and land were plentiful which helped the economy. North Carolina is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, giving good access to trade.
Colonial History
In 1669, the colony of North Carolina legalized slavery. The first slaves were brought to the colony from The West Indies but mostly from Africa. By the time the North and South Carolina split apart, NC had around 6,000 slaves. The slaves worked on plantations and harvested crops. Also, North Carolina's first town, Bath was created in 1705 due to European Settlement near the Pamlico River. By 1708, Bath had around 50 people and 12 houses. North Carolina progressed as a colony and became a state on November 21st, 1789.
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