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Georgia Domestic Violence Fatality Review Key Findings, 2004-2011
Transcript of Georgia Domestic Violence Fatality Review Key Findings, 2004-2011
Fatality Review Project Leaving Suicide Dating Violence Workplace In almost every reviewed case, the victim was leaving or making plans to leave the relationship. In some cases, the victim was taking obvious steps to separate such as filing a TPO, moving out, or "breaking up". In some instances, the victim was taking less obvious steps to separate from the abusive partner and gain independence; such as furthering her education, reconnecting with her support network, changing her locks, gaining employment, or accepting a promotion at work. As research continues to show, victims are at the most risk of being killed by their abusive partner when they are leaving the relationship. Our findings suggest that victims' risk may also increase when they begin planning to separate from their abusive partner. Many abusive partners stalk their victims after they leave them. In our reviewed cases, stalking was a factor in 44% of cases. Monitoring and controlling behaviors were a factor in 56% of cases. Monitoring and controlling behaviors include directing who the victim is allowed to talk to, keeping track of the victim's schedule, and pressuring her to quit her job or causing her to lose her job. As technology advances, it is important for victims of domestic violence, sexual violence, and stalking to consider how technology might help them as well as be used against them. The 2011 Annual Report includes a technology safety planning tip sheet for important considerations when examining technology's role in victim safety. Technology can assist perpetrators in their stalking behaviors through the use of computers and browsing histories, email accounts, cell phone settings, pin numbers, and GPS devices. In reviewed cases, perpetrators had utilized surveillance and technology to monitor their partner's activities, such as... recording phone conversations,
tape-recording and video-recording the victim,
placing a baby monitor under the victim's bed,
keeping the victim's house "under surveillance,"
and using a GPS tracking device Gunshot No Contact Faith Children Key Findings 2004-2011 In 4% of reviewed cases, children were also killed. In 19% of reviewed cases, children were witnesses to the homicide. In these cases, the children rarely received any specialized trauma and grief counseling or other necessary wraparound services. For surviving family members and friends, the grieving process is often compounded by a variety of factors, including... Grandparents or other family members often step in to raise children that are left without a parent.
These unexpected child rearing responsibilities can create economic hardship and unique challenges to parenting children who have experienced trauma. see page 41 for this tear out please see page 19 for this list accumulation of debt
loss of earnings
funeral services The 2011 Annual Report provides an overview of the Georgia Crime Victims Compensation Program to clearly outline who might qualify for the funds, how to apply for them, and what is needed for the application process. The Georgia Crime Victims Compensation Program funds are available to assist families who have lost a loved one to crime. For eligible applicants, the Crime Victims Compensation Program covers medical bills, loss of earnings, funeral expenses, mental health counseling and crime scene clean-up. Only 17% of reviewed victims were known to have contact with a DV program or "shelter" in the 5 years prior to their death. We also found that victims and their support systems (friends, family, co-workers, neighbors and faith communities) are often either unaware that a DV programs exists in their community or are unaware of the full range of services these programs provide. Additionally, when these programs are referred to as "shelters", it furthers the idea that they can only be utilized by individuals seeking shelter. In contrast, 78% of victims had been in contact with law enforcement within the 5 years prior to the homicide. In response to this gap between victims connected with law enforcement and victims connected to local DV programs, GCADV and GCFV have created a Roll Call training manual with 6 separate training topics... Mandated Family Violence Response Primary Aggressor Identification Victim Services and Law Enforcement Incident Reporting Family Violence Protection Orders Stalking Please turn to page 29 in the 2011 Domestic Violence Fatality Review Annual Report for this chart 32% of victims were involved with a faith community. Faith communities consistently know more than anyone else about what's going on in the relationship... and yet we know that most faith communities do not address domestic violence. Victims are likely to turn to informal systems for support, such as their faith community, whether they disclose the abuse or not. In response to these findings, GCFV and GCADV developed a Safe Sacred Space training curriculum. This resource is designed to build connections between domestic violence advocates and faith and lay leaders. DV in the Workplace Toolkit Roll Call Training Manual order a free copy for your taskforce at www.gcfv.org Community Engagement Poster to request copies, please contact GCADV Safe Sacred Space Training Materials download materials from www.gcfv.org Tip Sheet Safety Planning with Teens included on page 39 of the 2010 Annual Report In cases reviewed by this Project, firearms continue to be the leading cause of death for victims. In 81 reviewed fatality cases, 56% were caused by gunshot. Another study found that when a gun was in the house, an abused woman was 6 times more likely than other abused women to be killed. There is federal legislation already in place that prohibits domestic violence perpetrators from possessing firearms and/or ammunition. Enforcing federal firearm restrictions is essential to decreasing domestic violence-related deaths. In 1996, Congress extended the 1968 Gun Control Act to deny firearms purchases to individuals who are subject to a qualifying Protection Order. 18 U.S.C. Section 922(g)(8)or after a conviction of a qualifying misdemeanor crime of domestic violence. 18 U.S.C. Section 922(g)(9). While federal law requires enforcement on the state level, several states have also passed clarifying legislation that assists with issues surrounding collection, storage, and release of firearms. Georgia is not currently one of these states. Depression and suicidal ideation in domestic violence perpetrators is often overlooked by interveners as a serious indicator of danger, not only for the intimate partner... In reviewed cases, 37% of perpetrators attempted or completed suicide at the homicide scene or soon thereafter. These findings mirror national trends suggesting that about 1/3 of domestic violence murders are murder/suicides. 38% of perpetrators were known to have either threatened or attempted suicide prior to the homicide. but for other family members, bystanders and first responders. These findings suggest that there is a need to increase understanding and awareness of the connections between domestic violence, depression and suicidal thoughts. Service providers need clear protocols for recognizing and responding to this issue. How common is dating violence? One in three adolescents in the U.S. is a victim of physical, sexual, emotional or verbal abuse from a dating partner, a figure that far exceeds rates of other types of youth violence. In the cases reviewed by this Project, over half of the victims were between the ages of 15-24 when they began their relationship with the partner who eventually killed them. And yet, 81% of parents believe teen dating violence is not an issue or admit they don’t know if it’s an issue. The challenges that teens and young adults experience with dating violence are different than those of adult victims... They may attend the same school, have the same class schedules, and attend the same after school activities and social outings
Technology based abuse is possible through social networking websites, emails, texting, and cell phones
They may worry about the response of their peers
Fear of their parent’s response may inhibit help-seeking Georgia law excludes teenagers and young adult victims who are dating but have never lived with their abuser (or who do not share children) from petitioning for a TPO.
Minors must have the assistance of an adult to file for a TPO. Georgia law requires the State Board of Education to develop a program for preventing teen dating violence for grades 8 to 12 but teaching this curriculum is optional. Minor victims can not be admitted into a domestic violence shelter program unless they are accompanied by an adult. “Luke would always assume I cheated on him. He called me almost every hour. He had to text me, asking me what I was doing all the time, even if I had family things to do.” --Annabelle, 18 years old when her boyfriend attempted to shoot her and then committed suicide in front of her. To learn more about Annabelle's story, please turn to page 13 of the 2010 Fatality Review Annual Report. In 75% of reviewed cases, the victim was employed. According to the U.S. Department of Justice, 1 in 4 American women will experience domestic violence in her lifetime. Because women make up almost half of the U.S. workforce, it is safe to assume that domestic violence is affecting the American workforce both at home and at work. What is domestic violence in the workplace? All behavior, both on and off the worksite, which interferes with an individual’s ability to perform work tasks. On the job harassment:
upsetting phone calls or texts
other stalking behaviors. Harassment at home:
turning off the alarm clock
disabling the car How does domestic violence affect businesses? lost productivity,
potential liability issues,
increased medical and mental health expenses,
safety and security concerns for the entire workplace The annual cost of domestic violence to the U.S. economy is more than $8.3 billion.
This cost includes medical care, mental services and lost productivity. Employers are uniquely positioned to provide resources and support to victims of domestic violence safely and confidentially. To request a copy of the Toolkit, please contact
Taylor Tabb at GCADV 404-209-0290 email@example.com Because of these barriers, safety planning with teens looks different than safety planning with adults. This Toolkit is designed to assist you in training your local business community. It includes PowerPoint presentations, hand outs, marketing materials, and other resources. However, the majority of employers do not have a written policy or a plan for addressing domestic violence in the workplace. This training series was designed to be conducted by Task Force members at local police department briefings. The manual includes 6 complete lesson plans, training scripts, Power Points presentations, resources, and handouts. For more information on the issue of firearms and domestic violence homicides, please refer to page 18 of the 2007 Georgia Domestic Violence Fatality Review Project All Georgia Domestic Violence Fatality Review Reports can be downloaded from www.fatalityreview.com For more information, please contact Taylor Tabb
404-209-0280 Jenny Aszman
404-232-1830 A Best Practice Protocol was developed by GCFV and GCADV to assist service providers working with domestic violence offenders regarding depression, suicidal thoughts, and/or threats to hurt their self or others. Please contact GCFV for this Best Practice Protocol