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Transcript of Parenting Styles
Many developmental psychologist suggests that the method of parenting used can have a direct impact on a child’s social, cognitive, and psychological development
In the early 1960s, pyschologist Diana Baumrind did a study on pre-school aged kids
After assessing the research she created four main categories
Authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and uninvolved
Authoritative parenting is considered to be a ideal, balanced style
Parents establish rules children are expected to follow
More democratic style
When children fail to meet the expectations, these parents are more nurturing and forgiving rather than punishing
This parenting allows the child to become more socially responsible while promoting high self esteem
Impact of Authoritative Parenting
tend to result in children who are happy, capable and successful
Authorative Example: Danny Tanner
Authoritarian or strict parenting usually involves high expectations by the parent but little open communication
Children are expected to follow strict rules
If asked to explain, "Because I said so"
Failure to follow rules result in punishment
Impact of Authoritarian Parenting
Generally lead to children who are obedient and proficient but they rank
lower in happiness, social competence and self-esteem
Example of Authoritarian Parenting: Red Forman
Danny rationally punishes DJ, but in a loving caring manner
Red uses an unrealistic punishment
That 70's Show
Parents have low expectatons and allow their children to make their own decisions
These parents are open and supportive and tend to avoid confrontation
Rarely discipline their kids
Take status as friend rather than parent
Impact of Permissive Parenting
Children rank low in happiness and self-regulation and more likely to have problems with authority and perform poorly in school
Permissive Parenting Example: Regina George's Mom
Regina's mom acts as a friend rather than a parent
Defined as little interaction between the parent and the child
Characterized by few demands, low responsiveness and little communication
Parents fulfill basic child needs but are detached from their child's life
Impact of Neglectful Parenting
Rank lowest across all life domains. Tend to lack self-control, have low self-esteem and are less competent than their peers
Example of Neglecting Parenting: The Wormwoods
Matilda's parents neglect their daughter
The Bottom Line:
There is no universally "best" style of parenting. And most parenting styles blend as a mother and father exhibit different types of behaviors
By Alison DiClemente &
Which Parenting Styles are in Style?
This can create a positive or negative impact on a childs youth but also through their adulthood