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Snow Leopard No.7

Other one I stuffed up
by

Kevin C

on 16 September 2012

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Transcript of Snow Leopard No.7

Snow Leopard By Kevin and Sahil Habitat Physical Description/Adaptations The Snow Leopard lives in the mountains of Asia. Their range includes 12 countries China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. This range approximately covers 2 million square kilometers. This is about the size of Greenland or Mexico. 60% of this range is in China. Most of the Snow Leopards habitats are on international borders which sometimes start disputes between two countries. They are commonly found between 3000 and 5400 meters above sea level. The environment here is commonly harsh and forbidding being cold, dry and sparsely vegetated. The Snow Leopard prefers steep, broken terrain of cliffs, rocky outcrops or ravines to hunt their prey. These areas give the Snow Leopards a good view of any prey and it also maximizes the effectiveness of the camouflage. They will also sleep in these areas. Snow Leopards have a rounded head, slender bodies, long tails and large paws. These are all covered in a thick layer of fur which are coloured either white, grey or a dark yellow. This coat of fur is always covered with dark spots. They normally grow somewhere between 150cm to 255cm long (from nose to tail) and 61cm from the ground to the shoulder. They weigh somewhere between 35 and 55kg. Females are generally 30% smaller then there male counter-parts. They have a large nasal cavity so they can breathe in the thin air. Inside their mouths they also have 30 razor sharp teeth which could turn any animal into mincemeat. Their tail acts as balance when maneuvering in the rugged terrain and warmth when resting. Their legs contribute greatly to the life of a snow leopard. They have short forelimbs with large paws so they can walk on the snow easily. Their hind legs help them leap over large ravines which is necessary for a snow leopard considering where it lives. They have 18 claws which are deadly sharp. Their coat of fur gives them warmth and camouflage from their prey. What is being done to help? Poaching Why is the Snow Leopard endangered? Melbourne Zoo-Snow Leopard Enclosure The Snow Leopards are a beautiful big cat but unfortunately that is also why it is endangered. Poachers will kill Snow Leopards for their coats and skeletons so they can sell it on the black market. The Snow Leopard also lives in very precarious habitat. Being at the high elevation vegetation is scarce and so are large herbivores, so when farmers bring their livestock further and further into Snow Leopard territory because of new forms of locomotion, the snow leopard would be stupid not to take a cow once every often. Unfortunately for the Snow Leopard farmers don’t like this so they will often fight and kill the Snow Leopard. These herds of livestock also damage the mountains grasslands leaving less food for the Snow Leopards main source of prey. Global warming also possesses a threat to the Snow Leopard melting the snow of their habitat. Fortunately Snow Leopard numbers have recovered a bit in the recent years. How ever some researchers say that due to poaching Snow Leopard numbers are still decreasing. They urge us to still maintain wary of the snow leopard. Poaching is when someone illegally hunts, kills or captures wildlife. It can be for a gain, for example money or pride, or simply killing wildlife of the wrong gender, life stage or I you killed an animal with prohibited weapons or traps. Although most commonly poaching is the act of killing a protected species and then either selling it on the black market or keeping it for pride. The Snow Leopard gets poached for several of its body parts. Being a majestic animal with a beautiful coat of fur the poacher would want the coat to sell on the black market. They will commonly get thousands of dollars for their furs. They will also be poached for their skeletons. Because tigers are getting so much publicity of being endangered poachers find tigers harder to poach. So there turn to other big cats. There will sometimes turn to the Snow Leopard. Snow Leopard skeletons are used in Chinese remedies instead of tiger skeletons. They will sell for twice as much as the coats. During the 1960’s poaching took Snow Leopards to a critical 1000 Snow Leopards. Snow Leopards numbers have since increased but are once again coming down thanks to poachers. Bibliography http://tolweb.org/treehouses/?treehouse_id=4725
http://animals.about.com/b/2007/01/02/endangered-snow-leopards-under-threat-of-poachers.htm
http://www.snowleopard.org/external_files/media/Snow-Leopard-Fact-Sheet.pdf
http://animals.about.com/b/2007/01/02/endangered-snow-leopards-under-threat-of-poachers.htm
http://www.wwfnepal.org/our_solutions/thematic_solutions_nepal/species_nepal/snow_leopard_nepal/
http://www.eoearth.org/article/Poaching
http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/snowleopard/habitat.php
http://www.snowleopard.org/learn/cat-facts/habitat
http://www.snowleopard.org/catfactsclassroom/catfacts/habitatandrange The Snow Leopard enclosure at Melbourne Zoo is an attempt to replicate its natural habitat. The Snow Leopards habitat consist of a large cliff with lots of trees and greenery which isn't really like their habitat. They also have a 13m wall to keep them from jumping out of the enclosure. The viewing most likely on top of the cliff and in front of the enclosure. Since 1972 (when Snow Leopards where officially placed on the endangered list) many things have been done to help. All countries that have a Snow Leopard population besides the Kyrgyz and Tajikistan have made poaching Snow Leopards illegal. In Nepal, if you were found guilty you would be forced to either pay 100,000 Nepalese Rupee or serve 5-10 years in jail. In some cases you have to do both. Some governments have also set up protected areas for the Snow Leopard to live in. These areas include:
-Chitral Gol National Park (N.W.F.P province, Pakistan)
-Khunferab National Park (Northern Areas of Pakistan)
-Nanda Devi National Park (In the state of Uttarakhand, India)
-Hermis National Park (East Ladakh, India)
-Valley of Flowers National Park (Uttaranchal, India)
-Qomolangma National Park preserve (Tibet/China)
-Tumor Feng Nature Reserve (Western Xinjiang, China)
-Sagarmantha National Park (Nepal)
-Shey-Phoksundo National Park (Dolpa, Nepal)
-Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve (Buglung, Nepal)
-Annapurna Conservation Area (Western Nepal)
-Jigme Dorji National Park (Bhutan)
-Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park (Mongolia)
-Ubsunur Hollow (On the territorial border of Mongolia and Tuva) Donate to the Snow Leopard Trust!!!
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